Surah Tariq Ayat 11 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 11
By the sky which returns [rain]
By the Firmament which returns (in its round),
By the heaven with its recurring cycle of rain,
By the sky (having rain clouds) which gives rain, again and again.
By the heaven which giveth the returning rain,
By the heaven comprising the returning (rain) (Or: the rotating rain),
By the sky and its recurring rain,
Quran 86 Verse 11 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Tariq ayat 11, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(86:11) By the heaven with its recurring cycle of rain,
6. The hidden secrets: the acts of every person which remained a secret to the world as well as those affairs which came before the world only in their apparent form, but the intentions, aims and secret motives working behind them remained hidden from the people. On the Resurrection Day all this will be laid bare and not only will the acts and deeds of every person be examined but it will also be seen what was his motive and intention and object of so acting. Likewise, it also remained hidden from the world, even from the doer of the act himself, what effects and influences of his act appeared in the world, to what extent they spread and for how long they continued to work. This secret will also be revealed on the Resurrection Day and it will be fully examined as to what were the consequences of the seed that a person sowed in the world, what fruit it bore and for how long it affected the later generations for better or for worse.
11. By the sky which gives rain, again and again. 12. And the earth which splits. 13. Verily, this is the Word that separates. 14. And it is not a thing for amusement. 15. Verily, they are but plotting a plot. 16. And I am planning a plan. 17. So, give a respite to the disbelievers; deal gently with them for a while.
Ibn `Abbas said, “Ar-raj` means rain.” It has also been narrated from him that he said, “It means the clouds that contain rain.” He also said,
(By the sky (having rain clouds) which gives rain, again and again.) “This means that it rains and then it rains (again).” Qatadah said, “It returns the sustenance of the servants (creatures) every year. Were it not for this, they would all be destroyed and so would their cattle.”
(And the earth which splits.) Ibn `Abbas said, “Splitting to bring forth plant growths.” This was also said by Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Abu Malik, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, As-Suddi and others. Concerning Allah’s statement,
(Verily, this is the Word that separates.) Ibn `Abbas said (Fasl is), “True.” Qatadah also said the same. Someone else said, “A just ruling.”
(And it is not a thing for amusement.) meaning, rather it is serious and true. Then Allah informs about the disbelievers saying that they reject Him and hinder others from His path. Allah says,
(Verily, they are but plotting a plot.) meaning, they plot against the people in their calling them to oppose the Qur’an. Then Allah says,
(and I, too, am plotting a scheme) meaning, I am plotting such that all disbelievers plots will fail and success will be attained by believers.
(So, give a respite to the disbelievers;) meaning, wait for them and do not be in haste concerning them.
(deal gently with them for a while.) meaning, a little while. This means that you will see what befalls them of torment, punishment and destruction. This is as Allah says,
(We let them enjoy for a little while, then in the end We shall oblige them to (enter) a great torment.) (31:24) This is the end of the Tafsir Surat At-Tariq, and unto Allah is all praise and thanks.
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