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The Story of Prophet Nuh (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ)

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There are two opinions on the Prophetic timeline of Prophet Nuh ()

The first is the opinion of many Historians like Ibn Katheer, who wrote Prophet Nuh as coming after Prophet Idris; may peace be upon them.

However, some scholars believe that ayah 163 of Surah Nisa suggests he came first before Idrees,

“Indeed, We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him...”

We present both views so you, as a student of knowledge, are aware. There isn't enough evidence to conclude with absolute certainty, nor is there any benefit in investigating this matter further. This piece is written with the perspective that Nuh (as) came after Idris.

The Muslims were left stranded following the death of Prophet Idris () . Since no other man from amongst them was chosen as a Prophet, people began to look to the pious companions of Idris for guidance.

They respected and followed these righteous men and consulted them whenever they faced a problem. Eventually, as time passed by, the pious men also passed, leaving the Muslims again with no leader for guidance.
They feared and were worried that they would stray from the path of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ)

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Satan, who watched on with shrewd eyes, approached the wailing men and women disguised as a man and whispered into their ears: If we make statues of these righteous men, it will be more pleasing to us in our worship and will remind us of The men agreed as they perceived no harm in erecting statues of their most pious men; that would surely help them remember Allah and encourage them to do good. Satan had successfully planted his corrupt seed. Не was patient for he knew that getting man to worship another was a slow process. When that generation had passed, and the new generation of people ' Satan whispered into the ears of the men: 'Your forefathers used to worship these idols. These statues brought them goodness.' Thus, idolatry took root in the hearts of man.

Centuries passed, and Allah decided to send a Prophet to guide the idolaters back to the truth. The Prophet chosen for this sacred task was Nuh () (the judeo-Christian equivalent to the Prophet Noah).

Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) blessed his loyal disciple with eloquent speech and immense patience so that he may carry out his duty with success. So Prophet Nuh () began to preach to his people about the mysteries of the vast universe—he informed them about the night and the day, the stars and the moon, the plants and animals, and the heavens and the earth.

He explained to them that man was created by Allah to glorify and worship Him. Nuh then told them about the oneness of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) — that the mysteries of the world were only proof of the existence of one true God, and that is none other than Allah the Most High. He explained to them that Satan had misled them into worshiping idols and warned them of a terrible punishment from Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) if they continued their idol worship.

The People of Prophet Nuh listened to him with great confusion and patience.

The most miserable and desperate amongst Nuh's people began to find hope and solace in the Prophet's words and gradually entered into the fold of Islam, whilst the affluent watched on with rage.

They said to Nuh:“We see you but a man like ourselves.”

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Prophet Nuh () explained to them that he was certainly a human being, and Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) had explicitly chosen a human messenger as the earth was predominantly occupied by humans after all.
And if angels occupied the earth, Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) would have surely sent an angelic messenger to convey his message.

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Nuh () was well aware of the ignorance of the wealthy men. He knew that he had to remain calm in order to explain to them that materialistic possessions were worthless in the sight of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ), and it was what is within one's heart that really mattered to Him.

Prophet Nuh () replied to them:
O my people! I ask for no wealth for it, my reward is from none but Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ). I am not going to drive away those who have believed. Surely, they are going to meet their Lord, but I see that you are ignorant people. O my people! Who will help me against Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) , if I drove them away? Will you not then give a thought? And I do not say to you that with me are the Treasures of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) nor that I know the unseen, nor do I say that I am an angel, and I do not say of those whom your eyes look down upon that Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) will not bestow any good on them. Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) knows what is in their inner selves. In that case, I should, indeed be one of the wrongdoers.”

The idolaters were furious. They had tolerated Nuh's () incessant preaching and arguments for far too long.

They angrily challenged Nuh () :
“O Nuh() ! You have disputed with us and have prolonged the dispute with us, now bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful.”

Nuh () replied:
“Only Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) will bring the punishment on you, if He wills, and then you will not be able to escape. And my advice will not profit you, even if I wish to give you counsel, if Allah's Will is to keep you astray. He is your Lord! And to Him you shall return.”

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The disbelievers, who had lost all patience with Nuh ( resorted to hurl insults at the Messenger of Allah in attempt to frighten him from preaching the religion of Islam.

They said:
“Verily, we see you in plain error”

Nuh () patiently replied:
“O my people! There is no error in me, but I am a Messenger from the Lord of the worlds! I convey unto you the Messages of my Lord and give sincere advice to you. And I know from Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) what you know not.”

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Each child that reached an age of understanding was clearly warned against the teachings of Prophet Nuh (). Whenever the Prophet approached them, they ran away from him. They found every excuse to escape from the presence of Nuh ().

Before long, Prophet Nuh () realized that the number of disbelievers was rapidly rising while the number of believers remained unchanged. He was very upset for his people and feared a terrible predicament for them, but he was left with no choice.

So Prophet Nuh () prayed to Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ):
“My Lord! They have disobeyed me, and followed one whose wealth and children give them no increase but only loss. They have plotted a mighty plot. They have said: 'you shall not leave your gods, nor shall you leave Wadd, Suwa, Yaghuth, Ya'uq, nor Nasr (names of the idols)'. Indeed they have led many astray. O Allah! Grant no increase to the disbelievers.”
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Outside the city limits, away from the sea, Prophet Nuh () began to build the ark through day and night with the support and guidance of the Angels.The construction of the ark continued amidst the constant mockery of the people.

They jeered at Prophet Nuh (), saying:
“O Nuh! Does carpentry appeal to you more than prophethood? Why are you building an ark so far from the sea? Are you going to drag it to the water or is the wind going to carry it for you?”

Prophet Nuh () answered:
“You will come to know who will be put to shame and suffering.”

Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) then instructed to Nuh () that when the oven at his home begins to gush forth water, collect the believers and board the ark for it was the first sign of the beginning of the floods that would destroy the disbelievers. Not long after, the terrible day dawned as water began gushing forth from the oven at Prophet Nuh's house. Nuh knew it was time to board the ark. Along with the believers, Nuh also took with him pairs of animals, birds, and insects.

The people who witnessed Nuh's peculiar behavior laughed at him again, saying:
“Nuh must have gone out of his head! What is he going to do with the animals?”

Soon after, heavy rains began to pour down from the angry skies, and water began to rise through every crack on earth. It didn't take long before the oceans completely conquered the once-dry land.

Prophet Nuh () witnessed the terrible calamity that had befallen his people. He knew the disbelievers had no escape from the wrath of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ). Amongst the disbelievers was Prophet Nuh's wife and son, who refused to board his ark.

Nuh () desperately called out to his son:
“O my son! Embark with us and be not among the disbelievers.”

The ignorant son of Nuh () replied,
“I will get to the mountain; it will save me from the water.”

Nuh () answered:
“This day there is no saviour from the Decree of Allah except him on whom He has mercy.”

Before long, Nuh's son was engulfed by the angry waves, never to be seen again.

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As instructed, Prophet Nuh (), along with the believers, got off the ark, releasing the rescued animals, birds and insects across the green land.

Prophet Nuh () placed his forehead on the ground, prostrated to his Lord, and thanked Him immensely for His mercy and blessings. The believers were grateful to Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) for safeguarding them from the terrible ordeal and observed a day of fasting as an act of gratitude to Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) .


There are a total of 47 different instances where Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) directly refers to Prophet Noah (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) in the Qur'an. Here we provide reference to all for you to explore.

  • Imran (3:33)
  • Anam (6:84)
  • Araf (7:59)
  • Araf (7:69)
  • Taubah (9:70)
  • Yunus (10:71)
  • Hud (11:25)
  • Hud (11:36)
  • Hud (11:89)
  • Ibrahim (14:9)
  • Isra (17:3)
  • Isra (17:17)
  • Maryam (19:58)
  • Anbiya (21:76)
  • Hajj (22:42)
  • Muminun (23:23)
  • Furqan (25:37)
  • Shuara (26:105)
  • Ankabut (29:14)
  • Saffat (37:75)
  • Sad (38:12)
  • Ghafir (40:5)
  • Ghafir (40:31)
  • Shura (42:13)
  • Qaf (50:12)
  • Dhariyat (51:46)
  • Najm (53:52)
  • Qamar (54:9)
  • Hadid (57:26)
  • Tahrim (66:10)
  • Araf (7:64)
  • Yunus (10:73)
  • Hud (11:37)
  • Hud (11:40)
  • Muminun (23:27)
  • Ankabut (29:15)
  • Qamar (54:13)
  • Haqqah (69:11)
  • Nuh (71:1)
  • Araf (7:64)
  • Yunus (10:73)
  • Hud (11:40)
  • Furqan (25:37)
  • Ankabut (29:120)
  • Ankabut (29:14)
  • Qamar (54:11)
  • Nuh (71:25)

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