According to Hanafi and Hanbali madhhabs, it is sunnah to read this dua when opening your prayer.
This dua should be recited immediately after Niyyah which refers to a Muslim’s intention to start the prayer. So, right after the Takbeer, i.e. raising your hands saying Allahu Akbar you could recite this dua.
Just remember this opening Dua is the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), it is not an mandatory act. Rather it is something that is recommended to be recited, if you forget to recite the subhanakallahumma dua your salat is still valid and there’s nothing wrong. Just don’t go back to try and recite this dua as the proper timing has passed and it would be incorrect to re-do.
subhanaka allahumma wa bihamdika in arabic
In Arabic this dua is written:
سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ
Transliteration to help with pronunciation:
Subhanaka Allahumma wa bihamdika wa tabarakasmuka, wa ta’ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghairuk
subhanaka allahumma wa bihamdika wa tabarakasmuka meaning:
The english translation of Subhanaka Allahumma Wa Bihamdika Wa Tabarakasmuka Wa Ta’ala Jadduka Wa la ilaha Ghayruka is,
“Glorious You are O Allah, and with Your praise, and blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your majesty, and none has the right to be worshipped but You.”
Authenticity of this hadith
This hadith was narrated by Aishah who said “When the Prophet (ﷺ) opened the Salat he would say…” This can be found in Jami At-Tirmidhi Hadith number 243. It is titled “What Is Said During The Opening Of The Salat” and the authenticity is graded as Hasan, meaning ‘good’ or ‘sound’ by Darussalam.
In hadith book of Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 804 the same was mentioned. it was narrated that Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to start his prayer by saying: ‘Subhanaka Allahumma wa bi hamdika, wa tabarakas-muka, wa ta’ala jadduka, wa la ilaha ghairuka.
Other Duas which begin Which begin Subhanaka Allahumma
There are others dua which are mentioned in the hadith which begin with the saying subhanaka allahumma (translation, Glory be to you O Allah). We will cover these three duas:
- It was narrated that ‘Aishah said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to say when bowing and prostrating: ‘Subhanaka Allahumma, Rabbana wa bihamdik. Allahumma-ghfirli (Glory be to You O Allah, Our Lord, and praise. O Allah, forgive me,” following the command of the Quran. Grade: Sahih (Darussalam) Reference: Sunan an-Nasa’i 1123
- Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Whoever sits in a gathering and indulges in useless talk and before getting up supplicates: ‘Subhanaka Allahumma wa bihamdika, ash-hadu an la ilaha illa Anta, astaghfiruka wa atubu ilaika (O Allah, You are free from every imperfection; praise be to You. I testify that there is no true god except You; I ask Your Pardon and turn to You in repentance),’ he will be forgiven for (the sins he may have intentionally or unintentionally committed) in that assembly.” [At-Tirmidhi].
- Narrated `Aisha: The Prophet (ﷺ) used to say in his bowing and prostrations, “Subhanaka l-lahumma Rabbana wa bihamdika; Allahumma ghfir li.’ (Exalted [from unbecoming attributes] Are you O Allah our Lord, and by Your praise [do I exalt you]. O Allah! Forgive me). Sahih al-Bukhari 794