Surah Ahzab >> Currently viewing Surah Ahzab Ayat 11 (33:11)

Surah Ahzab Ayat 11 in Arabic Text

هُنَالِكَ ٱبْتُلِىَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَزُلْزِلُوا۟ زِلْزَالًۭا شَدِيدًۭا
Hunaalikab tuliyal mu’minoona wa zulziloo zilzaalan shadeedaa

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 11

Sahih International
There the believers were tested and shaken with a severe shaking.

Yusuf Ali
In that situation were the Believers tried: they were shaken as by a tremendous shaking.

Abul Ala Maududi
The believers were then put to a severe test and were most violently convulsed.

Muhsin Khan
There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.

Pickthall
There were the believers sorely tried, and shaken with a mighty shock.

Dr. Ghali
Thereover were the believers tried, and were made to quake with a severe earthquake.

Abdel Haleem
There the believers were sorely tested and deeply shaken:

Quran 33 Verse 11 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Ahzab ayat 11, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(33:11) The believers were then put to a severe test and were most violently convulsed.[21]


21. “The believers”: All those who accepted the Prophet (peace be upon him) as Allah’s Messenger and became included among his followers, which comprised both the true believers and the hypocrites. In this paragraph Allah has made mention of the Muslim community as a whole. In the following three paragraphs the attitude of the hypocrites has been commented upon, and the next two deal with the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the true believers.

Ibn-Kathir

11. There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking. 12. And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease said: “Allah and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusion!” 13. And when a party of them said: “O people of Yathrib! There is no postition for you. Therefore go back!” And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet saying: “Truly, our homes lie open.” And they lay not open. They but wished to flee.


How the Believers were tested, and the Position of the Hypocrites during the Battle of Al-Khandaq

Allah tells us what happened when the Confederates surrounded Al-Madinah and the Muslims were besieged and found themselves in straitened circumstances, with the Messenger of Allah in their midst. They were tried and tested, and were shaken with a mighty shaking. At this time hypocrisy emerged, and those in whose hearts was a disease spoke about what they really felt.

﴿وَإِذْ يَقُولُ الْمُنَـفِقُونَ وَالَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ مَّا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ إِلاَّ غُرُوراً ﴾

(And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease said: “Allah and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusion!”) Their hypocrisy became apparent, while the one in whose heart was doubt became weak, and he expressed the ideas that were in his heart because of the weakness of his faith and the difficulty of the situation. And other people said, as Allah tells us:

﴿وَإِذْ قَالَت طَّآئِفَةٌ مِّنْهُمْ يأَهْلَ .يَثْرِبَ﴾

(And when a party of them said: “O people of Yathrib…”) meaning Al-Madinah, as it was reported in the Sahih:

«أُرِيتُ فِي الْمَنَامِ دَارَ هِجْرَتِكُمْ، أَرْضٌ بَيْنَ حَرَّتَيْنِ، فَذَهَبَ وَهَلِي أَنَّهَا هَجَرُ فَإِذَا هِيَ يَثْرِب»

(I was shown in a dream the place to which you will migrate, a land between two lava fields. At first I thought it was Hajar, but it turned out to be Yathrib.) According to another narration:

«الْمَدِينَة»

(Al-Madinah. ) It was said that the origin of its name Yathrib was that a man settled there from (the people of) Al-`Amaliq whose name was Yathrib bin `Ubayd bin Mahlayil bin `Aws bin `Amlaq bin Lawudh bin Iram bin Sam bin Nuh. This was the view of As-Suhayli. He said: “And it was narrated from some of them that he said, `It is given eleven names in the Tawrah: Al-Madinah, Tabah, Tayyibah, Al-Miskinah, Al-Jabirah, Al-Muhibbah, Al-Mahbubah, Al-Qasimah, Al-Majburah, Al-`Adhra’ and Al-Marhumah.”’ r

﴿لاَ مُقَامَ لَكُمْ﴾

(There is no position for you.) means, `here, with the Prophet , you cannot stand guard,’

﴿فَارْجِعُواْ﴾

(Therefore go back) means, `to your houses and dwellings’.

﴿وَيَسْتَأْذِنُ فَرِيقٌ مِّنْهُمُ النَّبِىَّ﴾

(And a band of them ask for permission of the Prophet) Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him said, “These were Banu Harithah, who said, `We fear for our homes, that they may be robbed.”’ This was also stated by others. Ibn Ishaq mentioned that the one who said this was `Aws bin Qayzi. They were using as an excuse to go back to their houses the claim that they were lying open and had nothing to protect them from the enemy, so they were afraid for their homes. But Allah said:

﴿وَمَا هِىَ بِعَوْرَةٍ﴾

(And they lay not open.) meaning, it is not as they claim.

﴿إِن يُرِيدُونَ إِلاَّ فِرَاراً﴾

(They but wished to flee.) means, they wanted to run away from the battlefield.

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