Assalamualaikum, we begin with a short introduction of Surah Al-Adiyat.
It is the 100th Surah of The Quran and means “The Courser, The Chargers, The Assaulters “. It consist of 11 ayats.
This main message of this Surah is importance of remembering Allah. It explains this message through an analogy of how horses are more grateful to their owners than men are to their Rabb.
Read Surah Al-Adiyat Transliteration
Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem
In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful
Wal’aadi yaati dabha
1. By the racers, panting,
Fal moori yaati qadha
2. And the producers of sparks [when] striking
Fal mugheeraati subha
3. And the chargers at dawn,
Faatharna bihi naqAAa
4. Stirring up thereby [clouds of] dust,
Fawasatna bihi jamAAa
5. Arriving thereby in the center collectively,
Inna al-insana lirabbihi lakanood
6. Indeed mankind, to his Lord, is ungrateful.
Wa-innahu AAala thalika lashaheed
7. And indeed, he is to that a witness.
Wa-innahu lihubbi alkhayri lashadeed
8. And indeed he is, in love of wealth, intense.
Afala ya’lamu iza b’uthira ma filquboor
9. But does he not know that when the contents of the graves are scattered
Wa hussila maa fis sudoor
10. And that within the breasts is obtained,
Inna rabbahum bihim yawma-ithinlakhabeer
11. Indeed, their Lord with them, that Day, is [fully] Acquainted.
Tafseer and Benefits of Surah Al-Adiyat
It’s important we learn from scholars that are reputable and intelligent. This Tafsir is by Ibn Kathir a famous Mufassir (commentator of Quran). He is well known and respected for his keen memory and a highly regarded scholar of tafsir. The Tafsir of Ibn Kathir is known by many Muslims as a complete thorough explanation of The Quran and is often cited by many scholars in their research.
His books became popular during his lifetime, and since his death have benefited many people.
Which was revealed in Makkah
(In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. By the `Adiyat (steeds), snorting)
(2. Striking sparks of fire)
(3. And scouring to the raid at dawn)
(4. And raise the dust in clouds the while)
(5. And penetrating forthwith as one into the midst)
(6. Verily, man is ungrateful to his Lord)
(7. And to that He bears witness)
(8. And verily, he is violent in the love of wealth)
(9. Knows he not that when the contents of the graves are poured forth)
(10. And that which is in the breasts shall be made known)
(11. Verily, that Day their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them)
Swearing by the Horses of War about the Ungratefulness of Man and His Zeal for Wealth
Allah swears by the horses when they are made to gallop into battle in His path (i.e., Jihad), and thus they run and pant, which is the sound that is heard from the horse when it runs. (Striking sparks of fire.) meaning, the striking of their hooves on the rocks, which causes sparks of fire to fly from them.
(And scouring to the raid at dawn.) meaning, the raid that is carried out in the early morning time. This is just as the Messenger of Allah used to perform raids in the early morning. He would wait to see if he heard the Adhan (call to prayer) from the people. If he heard it he would leave them alone, and if he didn’t hear it he would attack. Then Allah says, (And raise the dust in clouds the while.) meaning, dust at the place of the battle with the horses.
(And penetrating forthwith as one into the midst.) means, then are all in the middle of that spot, together. Allah’s saying; (And scouring to the raid at dawn.) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and Qatadah, all said, “This means the invasion of the horses in the morning in the way of Allah.”
And His statement, (And raise the dust in clouds the while.) This is the place in which the attack takes place. The dust is stirred up by it. And His statement, (And penetrating forthwith as one into the midst.)
Al-`Awfi narrated from Ibn `Abbas, `Ata, `Ikrimah, Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak that they all said, “This means into the midst of the disbelieving enemy.”
Concerning Allah’s statement, (Verily, man is ungrateful (Kanud) to his Lord.) This is the subject what is being sworn about, and it means that he (man) is ungrateful for the favors of His Lord and he rejects them. Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Abu Al-Jawza’, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Abu Ad-Duha, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Muhammad bin Qays, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Ibn Zayd all said, “Al-Kanud means ungrateful.” Al-Hasan said, “Al-Kanud is the one who counts the calamities (that befall him) and he forgets Allah’s favors.”
Concerning Allah’s statement
(And to that He bears witness.) Qatadah and Sufyan Ath-Thawri both said, “And indeed Allah is a witness to that.” It is also possible that the pronoun (He) could be referring to man. This was said by Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi. Thus, its meaning would be that man is a witness himself to the fact that he is ungrateful. This is obvious in his condition, meaning this is apparent from his statements and deeds.
This is as Allah says, (It is not for the idolators, to maintain the Masajid of Allah, while they witness disbelief against themselves.) (9:17)
Allah said; (And verily, he is violent in the love of wealth.) meaning, and indeed in his love of the good, which is wealth, he is severe. There are two opinions concerning this. One of them is that it means that he is severe. There are two opinions concerning this. One of them is that it means that he is severe in his love of wealth. The other view is that it means he is covetous and stingy due to the love of wealth. However, both views are correct.
The Threat about the Hereafter
Then Allah encourages abstinence from worldly things and striving for the Hereafter, and He informs of what the situation will be after this present condition, and what man will face of horrors.
He says, (Knows he not that when the contents of the graves are poured forth) meaning, the dead that are in it will be brought out. (And that which is in the breasts shall be made known) Ibn `Abbas and others have said, “This means what was in their souls would be exposed and made apparent.”
(Verily, that Day their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them.) meaning, He knows all of that they used to do, and He will compensate them for it with the most deserving reward. He does not do even the slightest amount of injustice.
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-`Adiyat, and all praise and thanks are due to Allah.