Assalamualaikum, here’s a brief introduction to Surah Al Ala. It is the 87th chapter of the Quran. The English meaning of this surah is “The Most High”. It is a Meccan surah consisting of 18 ayats or verses.
It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Messenger of Allah (saws) used to perform Witr and recite: “Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most High,” [Al-A’la (87)] “Say: O you disbelievers!” [Al-Kafirun (109)] and ‘Say: Allah is One.”. [Al-Ikhlas (112)] Another chain with similar wording. Grade : Sahih (Darussalam) English reference : Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1172
The main theme or lesson behind Surah Al-Ala is to reminds us Muslims that Allah knows all. There is nothing that can be hidden or kept in secrecy from him.
You can read Surah Al Ala with transliteration and translation below. After that the Tafsir by Ibn Kathir is provided so you can learn more history and hadith behind this surah.
Read Surah Al-Ala Transliteration
Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem
In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful
Sabbihisma Rabbikal A’laa
1. Exalt the name of your Lord, the Most High,
Allathee khalaqa fasawwa
2. Who created and proportioned
Wallathee qaddara fahada
3. And Who destined and [then] guided
Wallazeee akhrajal mar’aa
4. And who brings out the pasture
FajaAAalahu ghuthaan ahwa
5. And [then] makes it black stubble.
Sanuqri’uka falaa tansaaa
6. We will make you recite, [O Muhammad], and you will not forget,
Illa ma shaa Allahuinnahu yaAAlamu aljahra wama yakhfa
7. Except what Allah should will. Indeed, He knows what is declared and what is hidden.
Wa nu-yassiruka lilyusraa
8. And We will ease you toward ease.
Fathakkir in nafaAAati aththikra
9. So remind, if the reminder should benefit;
Sa yazzakkaru maiyakhshaa
10. He who fears [ Allah ] will be reminded.
11. But the wretched one will avoid it –
Allazee yaslan Naaral kubraa
12. [He] who will [enter and] burn in the greatest Fire,
Thumma la yamootu feeha walayahya
13. Neither dying therein nor living.
Qad aflaha man tazakkaa
14. He has certainly succeeded who purifies himself
Wathakara isma rabbihi fasalla
15. And mentions the name of his Lord and prays.
Bal tu’siroonal hayaatad dunyaa
16. But you prefer the worldly life,
Wal-akhiratu khayrun waabqa
17. While the Hereafter is better and more enduring.
Inna haazaa lafis suhu fil oolaa
18. Indeed, this is in the former scriptures,
Suhufi ibraheema wamoosa
19. The scriptures of Abraham and Moses.
Tafsir and Benefits of Surah Al Ala
Ibn Kathir was a highly influential historian and became an expert on Tafsir and faqih. He wrote one of the most popular commentaries of the Quran which has lasted centures and often cited by many scholars in their research. Below is the Tafsir and hadith regarding of the 87th chapter of the quran.
The Virtues of Surat Al-A`la
This Surah was revealed in Makkah before the migration to Al-Madinah. The proof of this is what Al-Bukhari recorded from Al-Bara’ bin `Azib, that he said, “The first people to come to us (in Al-Madinah) from the Companions of the Prophet were Mus`ab bin `Umayr and Ibn Umm Maktum, who taught us the Qur’an; then `Ammar, Bilal and Sa`d came. Then Umar bin Al-Khattab came with a group of twenty people, after which the Prophet came.
I have not seen the people of Al-Madinah happier with anything more than their happiness with his coming (to Al-Madinah). This was reached to such an extent that I saw the children and little ones saying, `This is the Messenger of Allah who has come.’ Thus, he came, but he did not come until after I had already recited (i.e., learned how to recite) (Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.) (87:1) as well as other Surahs similar to it.”
It has been confirmed in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said to Mu`adh, (Why didn’t you recite “Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High,”; “By the sun and its brightness,” and “By the night when it envelopes.”) Imam Ahmad recorded from An-Nu`man bin Bashir that the Messenger of Allah recited ? Surat Al-A`la (chapter 87) and Surat Al-Ghashiyh (chapter 88) in the two `Id prayers. If the `Id prayer fell on Friday, he would recite them in both prayers (`Id and Salat Al-Jumu`ah).
Muslim also recorded this in his Sahih, as well as Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah. The wording of Muslim and the Sunan compilers says, “He used to recite ? Surat Al-A`la (chapter 87) and Surat Al-Ghashiyh (chapter 88) for the two `Ids and Jumu`ah. If they occurred on the same day, he would recite them in both of them.” In his Musnad, Imam Ahmad recorded on the authority of Ubayy bin Ka`b, Abdullah bin `Abbas, `Abdur-Rahman bin Abza, and the Mother of the believers, A’ishah, that the Messenger of Allah used to recite? (Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.) and (Say: `O you who disbelieve.’) and (Say: `He is Allah, the One.’) `A’ishah added in her version that he would also recite the Mu`awwidhatayn (Al-Falaq and An-Nas).
Beginning Of Surah Al-Ala
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.)
(2. Who has created, and then proportioned it.)
(3. And Who has measured; and then guided.)
(4. And Who brings out the pasturage,)
(5. And then makes it dark stubble.)
(6. We shall make you recite, so you shall not forget,)
(7. Except what Allah may will He knows what is apparent and what is hidden.)
(8. And We shall make easy for you the easy.)
(9. Therefore remind in case the reminder profits.)
(10. The reminder will be received by him who fears,)
(11. But it will be avoided by the wretched,)
(12. Who will enter the great Fire.)
(13. There he will neither die nor live.)
The Command to pronounce Tasbih and its Response
Imam Ahmad recorded from Ibn `Abbas that whenever the Messenger of Allah would recite (Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.) he would say, (Glory to my Lord, the Most High.) Ibn Jarir recorded from Ibn Ishaq Al-Hamdani that whenever Ibn `Abbas would recite (Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.) he would say, “Glory to my Lord, the Most High,” and whenever he would recite (I swear by the Day of Resurrection.) (75:1) and then reach the end of it (Is not He able to give life to the dead) (75:40) he would say, “Glory to You, of course.” Qatadah said, (Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High.) “It has been mentioned to us that whenever the Prophet of Allah used to recite it he would say, (Glory to my Lord, the Most High.)”
The Creation, the Decree, and the bringing forth of Vegetation
Allah says, (Who has created, and then proportioned it.) meaning, He created that which has been created, and He fashioned every creation in the best of forms. Then Allah says, (And Who has measured; and then guided.) Mujahid said, “He guided man to distress and happiness, and he guided the cattle to their pastures.”
This Ayah is similar to what Allah has said about Musa’s statement to Fir`awn, (Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.) (20:50) meaning, He decreed a set measure and guided the creation to it.
This is just as is confirmed in Sahih Muslim on the authority of `Abdullah bin `Amr that the Messenger of Allah said, (Verily, Allah ordained the measure of all creation fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, and His Throne was over the water.) Concerning Allah’s statement, (And Who brings out the pasturage,) meaning, all types of vegetation and crops. (And then makes it dark stubble.) Ibn `Abbas said, “Dried up and altered.” It has been narrated that Mujahid, Qatadah and Ibn Zayd, all made similar statements.
The Prophet does not forget the Revelation
Allah says, (We shall make you to recite,) meaning, `O Muhammad.’ (so you shall not forget (it),) This is Allah informing and promising him (the Prophet ) that He will teach him a recitation that he will not forget. (Except what Allah may will.)
Qatadah said, “The Prophet did not forget anything except what Allah willed.” It has been said that the meaning of Allah’s statement, (so you shall not forget,) is, “do not forget” and that which would be abrogated, is merely an exception to this. Meaning, `do not forget what We teach you to recite, except what Allah wills, which He removes and there is no sin on your leaving it off (not retaining it).’
Concerning Allah’s statement, (He knows what is apparent and what is hidden.) meaning, He knows what the creatures do openly and what they hide, whether it be statements or deeds. None of that is hidden from Him. Then Allah says, (And We shall make easy for you the easy.) meaning, `We will make good deeds and statements easy for you, and We will legislate such Law for you that is easy, tolerant, straight and just, with no crookedness, difficulty or hardship in it.’
The Command to remind
Allah then says, (Therefore remind in case the reminder profits.) meaning, remind where reminding is beneficial. From here we get the etiquette of spreading knowledge, that it should not be wasted upon those who are not suitable or worthy of it. The Commander of the believers, `Ali said, “You do not tell people any statement that their intellects do not grasp except that it will be a Fitnah (trial) for some of them.”
He also said, “Tell people that which they know. Would you like for Allah and His Messenger to be rejected” Allah said: (The reminder will be received by him who fears,) meaning, `he whose heart fears Allah and who knows that he is going to meet Him, will receive admonition from what you convey to him, O Muhammad.’
(But it will be avoided by the wretched, who will enter the great Fire. There he will neither die nor live.) meaning, he will not die and thus be allowed to rest, nor will he live a life that is beneficial to him. Instead, his life will be harmful to him, because it will be the cause of his feeling of the pain of torment and various types of punishments what he is being punished with.
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Sa`id that the Messenger of Allah said, (Concerning the people of the Fire who are deserving of it, they will not die nor will they live. Regarding the people that Allah wants mercy for, He will cause them to die in the Fire. Then He will allow the intercessors to come to them, and a man will take his groups of supporters and plant them (or he said (they will be planted) in the River of Al-Haya (or he said (Al-Hayah, or Al-Hayawan, or Nahr Al-Jannah). Then they will sprout up like the sprouting of the seed on the moist bank of a flowing stream.)
Then the Prophet said, (Haven’t you all seen the tree that is green, then it turns yellow, then it turns green (again)) Abu Sa`id then said that some of those present said, “It is as if the Prophet used to live in the desert wilderness (i.e., due to his parables of nature).”
Ahmad also recorded from Abu Sa`id that the Messenger of Allah said, (Concerning the people of the Fire who will be dwellers of it, they will not die in it nor will they live. However, there will be a group of people – or as he said -( whom the Fire will burn due to their sins – or he said – (their wrongdoings. So, he will cause them to die until they become burnt coal. Then the intercession will be allowed and they will be brought group after group, and they will be scattered over the rivers of Paradise.
Then it will be said: “O people of Paradise! Pour down upon them.” Then they will sprout like the growing of the seed that is upon the moist bank of the flowing stream.” Then, a man from among the people present said, “It is as if the Messenger of Allah used to live in the desert wilderness.” Muslim also recorded this Hadith.
(14. Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success.)
(15. And remembers the Name of his Lord, and performs Salah.)
(16. Rather you prefer the life of this world.)
(17. Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting.)
(18. Verily, this is in the former Scriptures)
(19. The Scriptures of Ibrahim and Musa.)
Surah Al-Ala: A Statement concerning the People of Success
Allah says, (Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success.) meaning, he purifies himself from despised characteristics and he follows what Allah has revealed to the Messenger.
(And remembers the Name of his Lord, and performs Salah.) meaning, he establishes the prayer in its appointed time, seeking the pleasure of Allah, obedience to His command, and implementation of His Law. We have already reported from the Commander of the believers, `Umar bin `Abdul-`Aziz, that he used to command the people to give the Sadaqat Al-Fitr, and he would recite this Ayah: (Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success. And remembers the Name of his Lord, and performs Salah.)
Abu Al-Ahwas said, “If someone comes to any of you begging, and he wants to pray, then he should give charity (Zakah) before he prays. For verily, Allah the Exalted says, (Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success. And remembers the Name of his Lord, and performs Salah.)” Qatadah said concerning this Ayah, (Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success. And remembers the Name of his Lord, and performs Salah (Fasalla).) “He purifies his wealth and pleases his Creator.”
This World is Worthless in Comparison to the Hereafter
Then Allah says, (Rather you prefer the life of this world.) meaning, `you give it precedence over the matter of the Hereafter, and you prefer it because of what it contains of usefulness and benefit for you in livelihood, and your returns (i.e., income, profitable gain).’ (Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting.) meaning, the reward of the final abode is better than the worldly life, and it is more lasting. For indeed, this worldly life is lowly and temporal, whereas the Hereafter is noble and eternal.
Thus, how can an intelligent person prefer that which is short-lived over that which is eternal. How can he give importance to that which will soon pass away from him, while ignoring the importance of the abode of eternity and infinity.
Imam Ahmad recorded from Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari that the Messenger of Allah said, (Whoever loves his worldly life, will suffer in his Hereafter, and whoever loves his Hereafter, will suffer in his worldly life. Therefore, chose that which is everlasting over that which is temporal.) Ahmad was alone in recording this Hadith.
The Scriptures of Ibrahim and Musa
Allah then says, (Verily, this is in the former Scriptures – the Scriptures of Ibrahim and Musa.)
This Ayah is similar to Allah’s statement in Surat An-Najm, (Or is he not informed with what is in the Scriptures of Musa. And of Ibrahim who fulfilled (or conveyed) all that (Allah ordered him to do or convey): that no burdened person (with sins) shall bear the burden (sins) of another. And that man can have nothing but what he does. And that his deeds will be seen. Then he will be recompensed with a full and the best recompense. And that to your Lord is the End (Return of everything). (53:36-42) And so forth, until the end of these Ayat.
Abu `Aliyah said, “The story of this Surah is in the earlier Scriptures.” Ibn Jarir preferred the view that the meaning of Allah’s statement, (Verily, this) is referring to His previous statement, (Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success. And remembers the Name of his Lord, and offers Salah. Rather you prefer the life of this world. Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting.)
Then Allah says, (Verily, this) meaning, the content of this discussion, (in the former Scriptures, the Scriptures of Ibrahim and Musa.) This view that he (At-Tabari) has chosen is good and strong. Similar to it has been reported from Qatadah and Ibn Zayd. And Allah knows best.
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Ala (Sabbih). All praise and blessings are due to Allah, and He is the Giver of success and protection from error.