Surah Fajr Ayat 15 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 15
And as for man, when his Lord tries him and [thus] is generous to him and favors him, he says, “My Lord has honored me.”
Now, as for man, when his Lord trieth him, giving him honour and gifts, then saith he, (puffed up), “My Lord hath honoured me.”
As for man, when his Lord tests him by exalting him and bestowing His bounties upon him, he says: “My Lord has exalted me.”
As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honour and gifts, then he says (puffed up): “My Lord has honoured me.”
As for man, whenever his Lord trieth him by honouring him, and is gracious unto him, he saith: My Lord honoureth me.
Then, as for man, just when his Lord tries him, so He honors him, and showers His favors on him, then he says, “My Lord has honored me.”
[The nature of] man is that, when his Lord tries him through honour and blessings, he says, ‘My Lord has honoured me,’
Quran 89 Verse 15 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Fajr ayat 15, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(89:15) As for man, when his Lord tests him by exalting him and bestowing His bounties upon him, he says: “My Lord has exalted me.”
8. Now, criticizing the general moral state of the people, it is being said: After all, why shouldn’t the men who have adopted such an attitude in the life of the world, be ever called to account, and how can it be regarded as a demand of reason and justice that when man has left the world, after doing all he could, he should never receive any reward or suffer any punishment for his deeds.
15. As for man, when his Lord tries him by giving him honor and bounties, then he says: “My Lord has honored me.” 16. But when He tries him by straitening his means of life, he says: “My Lord has humiliated me!” 17. But no! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity! 18. And urge not one another on the feeding of the Miskin! 19. And you devour the Turath — devouring with greed. 20. And you love wealth with love Jamma.
Allah refutes man in his belief that if Allah gives Him abundant provisions to test him with it, it is out of His honor for him. But this is not the case, rather it is a trial and a test, as Allah says,
(Do they think that in wealth and children with which We enlarge them. We hasten unto them with good things. Nay, but they perceive not.) (23:55-56) Likewise, from another angle, if Allah tests him and tries him by curtailing his sustenance, he believes that is because Allah is humiliating him. As Allah says,
(But no!) meaning, the matter is not as he claims, neither in this nor in that. For indeed Allah gives wealth to those whom He loves as well as those whom He does not love. Likewise, He withholds sustenance from those whom He loves and those whom He does not love. The point is that Allah should be obeyed in either circumstance. If one is wealthy, he should thank Allah for that, and if he is poor, he should exercise patience.
(But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity!) This contains the command to honor him (the orphan). Abu Dawud recorded from Sahl bin Sa`id that the Messenger of Allah said,
(The guardian of the orphan and I will be like these two in Paradise.) And he put his two fingers together – the middle finger and the index finger.
(And urge not one another on the feeding of the Miskin!) meaning, they do not command that the poor and the needy be treated with kindness, nor do they encourage each other to do so.
(And you devour the Turath) meaning, the inheritance.
(devouring with greed.) meaning, however they can get it, whether lawful or forbidden.
(And you love wealth with love Jamma.) meaning, in abundance. This increases some of them in their wickedness.
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