Assalamualaikum, we begin with a short introduction of Surah Ghashiyah. The English meaning of this surah is “The Overwhelming” or “The Pall” and it’s the 88th chapter of the Quran. It is a Meccan surah consisting of 26 ayats or verses.
It was narrated that ‘Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah said: “Dahhak bin Qais wrote to Nu’man bin Bashir, saying: ‘Tell us what the Messenger of Allah (saws) used to recite on Friday along with Surah Al-Jumu’ah.’ He said: ‘He used to recite: “Has there come to you the narration of the overwhelming (i.e., the Day of Resurrection)?’” [Al-Ghashiyah (88)]. Grade : Sahih (Darussalam)
The main theme or subject of this surah can be divided into 3 topics. The first being resurrection and contrasting between the good and evil. Allah describes in details what it would like to be in jahanam and compares this to those who would be in heaven. The second theme, is about Allah’s oneness with reference to his beautiful creations of the sky, earth and mountains. The last subject is prophecy and the duties the prophet (pbuh), Allah says to him that he is not a controller but a reminder to the non-believers.
It is an amazing surah and you can read it below with transliteration, translation and in arabic. After if you’d like to learn more about history and hadith behind this surah you can find the tafsir given by Ibn Kathir.
Surah Al-Ghashiyah Translation, Arabic and Transliteration
Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem
In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful
Hal ataaka hadeesul ghaashiyah
1. Has there reached you the report of the Overwhelming [event]?
Wujoohun yawma-ithin khashiAAa
2. [Some] faces, that Day, will be humbled,
3. Working [hard] and exhausted.
Tasla naran hamiya
4. They will [enter to] burn in an intensely hot Fire.
Tusqaa min ‘aynin aaniyah
5. They will be given drink from a boiling spring.
Laisa lahum ta’aamun illaa min daree’
6. For them there will be no food except from a poisonous, thorny plant
Laa yusminu wa laa yughnee min joo’
7. Which neither nourishes nor avails against hunger.
Wujoohun yawma-ithin naAAima
8. [Other] faces, that Day, will show pleasure.
9. With their effort [they are] satisfied
Fee jannatin ‘aaliyah
10. In an elevated garden,
Laa tasma’u feehaa laaghiyah
11. In an elevated garden,
Feehaa ‘aynun jaariyah
12. Within it is a flowing spring.
Feeha sururun marfooAAa
13. Within it are couches raised high
14. And cups put in place
Wa namaariqu masfoofah
15. And cushions lined up
16. And carpets spread around.
Afala yanthuroona ilaal-ibili kayfa khuliqat
17. Then do they not look at the camels – how they are created?
Wa-ila assama-i kayfarufiAAat
18. And at the sky – how it is raised?
Wa ilal jibaali kaifa nusibat
19. And at the mountains – how they are erected?
Wa ilal ardi kaifa sutihat
20. And at the earth – how it is spread out?
Fathakkir innama anta muthakkir
21. So remind, [O Muhammad]; you are only a reminder.
Lasta AAalayhim bimusaytir
22. You are not over them a controller.
Illaa man tawallaa wa kafar
23. However, he who turns away and disbelieves –
Fa yu’azzibuhul laahul ‘azaabal akbar
24. Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment.
Innaa ilainaaa iyaabahum
25. Indeed, to Us is their return.
Thumma inna AAalayna hisabahum
26. Then indeed, upon Us is their account.
Tafsir and Benefits of Surah Al Fajr
Here you will find Tafsir of surah ghashiyah by famous quran scholar Ibn Kathir.
Reciting Surat Al-A`la and Al-Ghashiyah in the Friday Prayer
It has already been mentioned on the authority of An-Nu`man bin Bashir that the Messenger of Allah used to recite Surat Al-A`la (87) and Al-Ghashiyah in the `Id and Friday prayers. Imam Malik recorded that Ad-Dahhak bin Qays asked An-Nu`man bin Bashir, “What else did the Messenger of Allah recite on Friday along with Surat Al-Jumu`ah” An-Nu`man replied, “Al-Ghashiyah (88).” This narration has been recorded by Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, Muslim and Ibn Majah.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. Has there come to you the narration of Al-Ghashiyah (the overwhelming))
(2. Some faces that Day will be Khashi`ah.)
(3. Laboring, weary.)
(4. They will enter into Fire, Hamiyah.)
(5. They will be given to drink from a boiling (Aniyah) spring,)
(6. No food will there be for them but from Dari`,)
(7. Which will neither nourish nor avail against hunger.)
The Day of Judgement and what will happen to the People of the Fire during it Al-Ghashiyah is one of the names of the Day of Judgement.
This was said by Ibn `Abbas, Qatadah and Ibn Zayd. It has been called this because it will overwhelm the people and overcome them. Allah then says, (Some faces that Day will be Khashi`ah.) meaning, humiliated.
This was said by Qatadah. Ibn `Abbas said, “They will be humble but this action will be of no benefit to them.” Then Allah says, (Laboring, weary.) meaning, they did many deeds and became weary in their performance, yet they will be cast into a blazing Fire on the Day of Judgement. Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Al-Burqani narrated from Abu `Imran Al-Jawni that he said, ” `Umar bin Al-Khattab passed by the monastery of a monk and he said: `O monk!’ Then the monk came out, and `Umar looked at him and began to weep.
Then it was said to him: `O Commander of the faithful! Why are you weeping’ He replied: `I remembered the statement of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, in His Book, (Laboring, weary. They will enter into Fire, Hamiyah.) So that is what has made me cry. ”’ Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, (Laboring, weary.) “The Christians.” It is narrated that `Ikrimah and As-Suddi both said, “Laboring in the worldly life with disobedience, and weariness in the Fire from torment and perdition.” Ibn `Abbas, Al-Hasan, and Qatadah all said, (They will enter into Fire, Hamiyah) meaning, hot with intense heat. (They will be given to drink from a boiling (Aniyah) spring.) meaning, its heat has reached its maximum limit and boiling point.
This was said by Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Al-Hasan and As-Suddi. Concerning Allah’s statement, (No food will there be for them but from Dari`,) `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “A tree from the Hellfire.” Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Abu Al-Jawza’ and Qatadah, all said, “It is Ash-Shibriq (a type of plant).” Qatadah said, “The Quraysh called it Ash-Shabraq in the spring and Ad-Dari` in the summer.” `Ikrimah said, “It is a thorny tree which reaches down to the ground.” Al-Bukhari related that Mujahid said, “Ad-Dari` is a plant that is called Ash-Shibriq.
The people of the Hijaz call it Ad-Dari` when it dries, and it is poisonous.” Ma`mar narrated that Qatadah said, (No food will there be for them but from Dari`,) “This is Ash-Shibriq. When it dries it is called Ad-Dari`.” Sa`id narrated from Qatadah that he said, (No food will there be for them but Dari`,) “This is of the worst, most disgusting and loathsome of foods.” Concerning Allah’s statement, (Which will neither nourish nor avail against hunger.)
This means that the intent in eating it will not be achieved, and nothing harmful will be repelled by it.
(8. Faces that Day will be joyful,)
(9. Glad with their endeavor.)
(10. In a lofty Paradise.)
(11. Where they shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood.)
(12. Therein will be a running spring.)
(13. Therein will be thrones raised high.)
(14. And cups set at hand.)
(15. And Namariq, set in rows.)
(16. And Zarabi, spread out (Mabthuthah).)
The Condition of the People of Paradise on the Day of Judgement
After mentioning the situation of the wretched people, Allah changes the discussion to mention those who will be happy. He says, (Faces that Day.) meaning, on the Day of Judgement. (will be joyful,) meaning, pleasure will be noticeable in them (those faces).
This will only occur due to their striving. Sufyan said, (Glad with their endeavor.) “They will be pleased with their deeds.” Then Allah says, (In a lofty Paradise.) meaning, elevated and brilliant, secure in their dwellings. (Where they shall neither hear harmful speech nor falsehood.) meaning, they will not hear in the Paradise that they will be in, any foolish word.
This is as Allah says, (They shall not hear therein any Laghw, but only Salam.) (19:62) Allah also says, (Free from any Laghw, and free from sin.) (52:23) and He says, (No Laghw will they hear therein, nor any sinful speech. But only the saying of: “Salam! Salam!” ) (56:25-26) Then Allah continues, (Therein will be a running spring.) meaning, flowing freely. This is mentioned with the intent of emphasizing affirmation.
It is not intended to mean that there is only one spring. So here it refers to springs collectively. Thus, the meaning is that in it (Paradise) are flowing springs. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said, (The rivers of Paradise spring forth from beneath hills — or mountains — of musk.) (Therein will be thrones raised high.) meaning, lofty, delightful, numerous couches, with elevated ceilings. Upon which will be seated wide-eyed, beautiful maidens.
They have mentioned that whenever the friend of Allah wishes to sit on these lofty thrones, they (the thrones) will lower themselves for him. (And cups set at hand.) meaning, drinking containers that are prepared and presented for whoever among their masters (i.e., the people of Paradise) wants them. (And Namariq set in rows.) Ibn `Abbas said, “An-Namariq are pillows.” This was also said by `Ikrimah, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, As-Suddi, Ath-Thawri and others. Concerning Allah’s statement, (And Zarabi, spread out (Mabthuthah).) Ibn `Abbas said, “Az-Zarabi are carpets.” This was also said by Ad-Dahhak and others. Here the word Mabthuthah means placed here and there for whoever would like to sit upon them.
(17. Do they not look at the camels, how they are created)
(18. And at the heaven, how it is raised)
(19. And at the mountains, how they are rooted)
(20. And at the earth, how it is outspread)
(21. So remind them — you are only one who reminds.)
(22. You are not a Musaytir over them.)
(23. Save the one who turns away and disbelieves.)
(24. Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment.)
(25. Verily, to Us will be their return;)
(26. Then verily, for Us will be their reckoning.)
The Exhortation to look at the Creation of the Camel, the Heaven, the Mountains and the Earth
Allah commands His servants to look at His creations that prove His power and greatness.
He says, (Do they not look at the camels, how they are created) Indeed it is an amazing creation, and the way it has been fashioned is strange. For it is extremely powerful and strong, yet gentle, carrying heavy loads.
It allows itself to be guided by a weak rider. It is eaten, benefit is derived from its hair, and its milk is drunk. They are reminded of this because the most common domestic animal of the Arabs was the camel. Shurayh Al-Qadi used to say, “Come out with us so that we may look at the camels and how they were created, and at the sky and how it has been raised.” Meaning, how Allah raised it in such magnificence above the ground.
This is as Allah says, (Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how we have made it and adorned it and there are no rifts on it) (50:6) Then Allah says, (And at the mountains, how they are rooted) meaning, how they have been erected. For indeed they are firmly affixed so that the earth does not sway with its dwellers. And He made them with the benefits and minerals they contain. (And at the earth, how it is outspread) meaning, how it has been spread out, extended and made smooth. Thus, He directs the bedouin to consider what he himself witnesses. His camel that he rides upon, the sky that is above his head, the mountain that faces him, and the earth that is under him, all of this is proof of the power of the Creator and Maker of these things.
These things should lead him to see that He is the Lord, the Most Great, the Creator, the Owner, and the Controller of everything. Therefore, He is the God other than Whom none deserves to be worshipped.
The Story of Dimam bin Tha`labah
These are the things Dimam swore by after questioning the Messenger of Allah . This can be seen in what Imam Ahmad recorded from Thabit, who reported that Anas said, “We were prohibited from asking the Messenger of Allah anything. Thus, it used to amaze us when an intelligent man from the people of the desert (bedouin Arabs) would come and ask him about something while we were listening.
So a man from the people of the desert came and said, `O Muhammad! Verily, your messenger has come to us and he claims that you claim that Allah sent you.’ He (the Prophet) said, (He told the truth.) The man said, Who created the heaven? He (the Prophet ) replied, (Alla0h.)
The man said, Who created the earth? He (the Prophet ) replied, (Alla0h). The man said, `Who erected these mountains and placed in them whatever is in them’ He (the Prophet ) replied, ?,(Allah). Then the man said, `By the One Who created the heaven, the earth, and erected these mountains, did Allah send you’ He (the Prophet ) said, (Yes.)
The man then said, `Your messenger claims that we are obligated to pray five prayers during our day and night.’ He (the Prophet ) said, (He told the truth.) The man then said, `By He Who has sent you, did Allah command you with this’ He (the Prophet ) replied, (Yes.) The man then said, `Your messenger also claims that we are obligated to give charity from our wealth.’ He (the Prophet ) said, (He told the truth.) Then the man said, `By He Who has sent you, did Allah command you with this’ He (the Prophet ) replied, (Yes.)
The man then said, `Your messenger claims that we are obligated to perform pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (the Ka`bah), for whoever is able to find a way there.’ He (the Prophet ) said, (He told the truth.) Then the man turned away to leave while saying, `By He Who has sent you with the truth, I will not add anything to these things and I will not decrease anything from them.’
The Prophet then said, (If he has spoken truthfully, he will certainly enter Paradise.) This Hadith was recorded by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.
The Messenger is only charged with delivering the Message
Allah says, (So remind them — you are only one who reminds. You are not a Musaytir over them) meaning, “O Muhammad! Remind the people with what you have been sent with to them.” (your duty is only to convey (the Message) and on Us is the reckoning.) (13:40)
Then Allah says, (You are not a Musaytir over them.) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and others said, “You are not a dictator over them.” This means that you cannot create faith in their hearts. Ibn Zayd said, “You are not the one who can force them to have faith.” Imam Ahmad recorded from Jabir that the Messenger of Allah said, (I have been commanded to fight the people until they say La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped except Allah).
So if they say that, they have safeguarded their blood and wealth from me – except for what is rightfully due from it – and their reckoning is with Allah, the Mighty and Majestic.)”
Then he recited, (So remind them – you are only one who reminds. You are not a dictator over them -) This is how Muslim recorded this Hadith in his Book of Faith, and At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i also recorded it in their Sunans in the Books of Tafsir. This Hadith can be found in both of the Two Sahihs.
The Threat for Whoever turns away from the Truth
Concerning Allah’s statement, (Save the one who turns away and disbelieves.) meaning, he turns away from acting upon its pillars, and he disbelieves in the truth with his heart and his tongue. This is similar to Allah’s statement, (So he neither believed nor prayed! But on the contrary, he belied and turn away!) (75:31-32)
Thus, Allah says, (Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment.) Allah then says, (Verily, to Us will be their return;) meaning, their place of return and their resort. (Then verily, for Us will be their reckoning.) meaning, `We will reckon their deeds for them and requite them for those deeds.’ If they did good, they will receive good, and if they did evil, they will receive evil.
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Ghashiyah.