Surah Hajj Ayat 13 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 13
He invokes one whose harm is closer than his benefit – how wretched the protector and how wretched the associate.
(Perhaps) they call on one whose hurt is nearer than his profit: evil, indeed, is the patron, and evil the companion (or help)!
He invokes those that are more likely to cause him harm than benefit. Such is surely an evil patron, and an evil associate.
He calls unto him whose harm is nearer than his profit; certainly, and evil Maula (patron) and certainly an evil friend!
He calleth unto him whose harm is nearer than his benefit; verily an evil patron and verily an evil friend!
He invokes him whose harm is indeed nearer than his proft. Miserable indeed is the patronizer and miserable indeed is the consort!
or invoke one whose harm is closer than his help: an evil master and an evil companion.
Quran 22 Verse 13 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Hajj ayat 13, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(22:13) He invokes those that are more likely to cause him harm than benefit. Such is surely an evil patron, and an evil associate.
18. (Verses 12-13 )clarify two things about the deities whom the mushriks invoke. Firstly, they can do a person neither any good nor any harm. Nay, it is more probable that they do harm rather than good. For when the mushrik invokes other deities than Allah, he loses his faith forthwith. Secondly, the mushrik himself knows that there is no guarantee or probability of any good from his god who is utterly helpless and powerless. As regards to the occasional grant of his request through his god, this is done by Allah merely to test his faith.
19. That is, the one, who leads a person to the way of shirk is the worst guardian and the worst comrade, whether he be a human being or a satan.
The tafsir of Surah Al-Hajj verse 13 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Hajj ayat 11 which provides the complete commentary from verse 11 through 13.
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