Surah Al-Hijr >> Currently viewing Surah Al-Hijr Ayat 39 (15:39)

Surah Al-Hijr Ayat 39 in Arabic Text

قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَآ أَغْوَيْتَنِى لَأُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَلَأُغْوِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ
Qaala Rabbi bimaaa aghwaitanee la uzayyin anna lahum fil ardi wa la ughwiyan nahum ajma’een

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 39

Sahih International
[Iblees] said, “My Lord, because You have put me in error, I will surely make [disobedience] attractive to them on earth, and I will mislead them all

Yusuf Ali
(Iblis) said: “O my Lord! because Thou hast put me in the wrong, I will make (wrong) fair-seeming to them on the earth, and I will put them all in the wrong,-

Abul Ala Maududi
Iblis said: “My Lord! In the manner You led me to error, I will make things on earth seem attractive to them and lead all of them to error,

Muhsin Khan
[Iblis (Satan)] said: “O my Lord! Because you misled me, I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead them all.

Pickthall
He said: My Lord! Because Thou hast sent me astray, I verily shall adorn the path of error for them in the earth, and shall mislead them every one,

Dr. Ghali
Said he, “Lord! For (the fact) that You misguided me, indeed I will definitely adorn for them (i.e., make “evil” attractive to them) in the earth; and indeed I will definitely misguide them all together,

Abdel Haleem
Iblis then said to God, ‘Because You have put me in the wrong, I will lure mankind on earth and put them in the wrong,

Quran 15 Verse 39 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-Hijr ayat 39, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(15:39) Iblis said: “My Lord! In the manner You led me to error, I will make things on earth seem attractive to them[22] and lead all of them to error,


22. That is, thou hast beguiled me by commanding me to bow down before a creature who is inferior to me: for it is obvious that I could not obey such an order. Therefore, I will now beguile them and disobey Thee. In other words, Iblis meant to say: I will make the worldly life, its enjoyments and its transitory benefits so alluring for man that he will forget the responsibilities of the vicegerent of Allah, and that he shall have to render his account in the Hereafter. They will also forget Thee and will disobey Thee, even though they would profess to remember Thee.

Ibn-Kathir

39. Iblis ﴾said: “O my Lord! Because You misled me, I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead them all.” 40. “Except Your chosen (guided) servants among them.” 41. (Allah) said: “This is the way which will lead straight to Me.” 42. “Certainly, you shall have no authority over My servants, except those of the astray who follow you.” 43. And surely, Hell is the place promised for them all. 44. It has seven gates, for each of those gates is a class assigned.


The Threat of Iblis to tempt Mankind, and Allah’s Promise of Hell for him

Allah informed about the rebellion and arrogance of Iblis, in that he said to the Lord:

﴿بِمَآ أَغْوَيْتَنِى﴾

(Because You misled me,) i.e., because You misled me and misguided me.

﴿لأُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ﴾

(I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them) meaning, for the progeny of Adam.

﴿فِى الاٌّرْضِ﴾

(on the earth,) meaning – I will make sin dear to them, and will encourage, provoke and harass them to commit sin.

﴿وَلأُغْوِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ﴾

(and I shall mislead them all.) meaning – just as You have misled me and have ordained that for me.

﴿إِلاَّ عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ ﴾

(Except Your chosen, (guided) servants among them.) This is like the Ayah:

﴿أَرَءَيْتَكَ هَـذَا الَّذِى كَرَّمْتَ عَلَىَّ لَئِنْ أَخَّرْتَنِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَـمَةِ لأَحْتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهُ إَلاَّ قَلِيلاً﴾

(“Do you see this one whom You have honored above me, if You give me respite until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring, all but a few!”) (17:62).

﴿قَالَ﴾

((Allah) said), i.e., threatening and warning Iblis.

﴿هَذَا صِرَطٌ عَلَىَّ مُسْتَقِيمٌ﴾

(This is the way which will lead straight to Me.) means, `all of you will return to Me, and I will reward or punish you according to your deeds: if they are good then I will reward you, and if they are bad then I will punish you.’ This is like the Ayah:

﴿إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَبِالْمِرْصَادِ ﴾

(Verily, your Lord is ever watchful.) (89:14) and

﴿وَعَلَى اللَّهِ قَصْدُ السَّبِيلِ﴾

(And it is up to Allah to show the right way.) (16:9)

﴿إِنَّ عِبَادِى لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَـنٌ﴾

(Certainly, you shall have no authority over My servants) meaning, `you will have no way to reach those for whom I have decreed guidance.’

﴿إِلاَّ مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ﴾

(except those of the astray who follow you.) Ibn Jarir mentioned that Yazid bin Qusayt said: “The Prophets used to have Masjids outside their cities, and if a Prophet wanted to consult with his Lord about something, he would go out to his place of worship and pray as Allah decreed. Then he would ask Him about whatever was concerning him. Once while a Prophet was in his place of worship, the enemy of Allah – meaning Iblis – came and sat between him and the Qiblah (direction of prayer). The Prophet said, `I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan.’ ﴿The enemy of Allah said, `Do you know who you are seeking refuge from Here he is!’ The Prophet said, `I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan’﴾, and he repeated that three times. Then the enemy of Allah said, `Tell me about anything in which you will be saved from me.’ The Prophet twice said, `No, you tell me about something in which you can overpower the son of Adam’ Each of them was insisting that the other answer first, then the Prophet said, Allah says,

﴿إِنَّ عِبَادِى لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَـنٌ إِلاَّ مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ ﴾

(Certainly, you shall have no authority over My servants, except those of the astray who follow you.) The enemy of Allah said, `I heard this before you were even born.’ The Prophet said, `And Allah says,

﴿وَإِمَّا يَنَزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَـنِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴾

(And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaytan then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearing, All-Knowing) (7: 200). By Allah, I never sense that you are near but I seek refuge with Allah from you.’ The enemy of Allah said, `You have spoken the truth. In this way you will be saved from me.’ The Prophet said, `Tell me in what ways you overpower the son of Adam.’ He said, `I seize him at times of anger and times of desire.’

﴿وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمَوْعِدُهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ ﴾

(And surely, Hell is the place promised for them all.) meaning, Hell is the abode designated for all those who follow Iblis, as Allah says in the Qur’an:

﴿وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِهِ مِنَ الاٌّحْزَابِ فَالنَّارُ مَوْعِدُهُ﴾

(but those of the sects (Jews, Christians and all the other non-Muslim nations) that reject it (the Qur’an), the Fire will be their promised meeting place.)(11:17)

The Gates of Hell are Seven

Then Allah tells us that Hell has seven gates:

﴿لِكُلِّ بَابٍ مِّنْهُمْ جُزْءٌ مَّقْسُومٌ﴾

(for each of those gates is a (special) class (of sinners) assigned.) means, for each gate a portion of the followers of Iblis have been decreed, and they will have no choice in the matter. May Allah save us from that. Each one will enter a gate according to his deeds, and will settle in a level of Hell according to his deeds. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Samurah bin Jundub reported from the Prophet about,

﴿لِكُلِّ بَابٍ مِّنْهُمْ جُزْءٌ مَّقْسُومٌ﴾

(for each of those gates is a class assigned.) He said,

«إِنَّ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ مَنْ تَأْخُذُهُ النَّارُ إِلَى كَعْبَيْهِ، وَإِنَّ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ تَأْخُذُهُ النَّارُ إِلَى حُجْزَتِهِ، وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ تَأْخُذُهُ النَّارُ إِلَى تَرَاقِيه»

(Among the people of Hell are those whom the Fire will swallow up to the ankles, and those whom it will swallow up to the waist, and those whom it will swallow up to the collarbone.) The degree of which will depend upon their deeds. This is like the Ayah;

﴿لِكُلِّ بَابٍ مِّنْهُمْ جُزْءٌ مَّقْسُومٌ﴾

(for each of those gates is a class assigned.)

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