Surah Al-Hijr >> Currently viewing Surah Al-Hijr Ayat 51 (15:51)

Surah Al-Hijr Ayat 51 in Arabic Text

وَنَبِّئْهُمْ عَن ضَيْفِ إِبْرَٰهِيمَ
Wa nabbi’hum ‘an daifi Ibraaheem

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 51

Sahih International
And inform them about the guests of Abraham,

Yusuf Ali
Tell them about the guests of Abraham.

Abul Ala Maududi
And tell them about Abraham’s guests.

Muhsin Khan
And tell them about the guests (the angels) of Ibrahim (Abraham).

Pickthall
And tell them of Abraham’s guests,

Dr. Ghali
And fully inform them about the guests of Ibrahîm, (Abraham)

Abdel Haleem
Tell them too about Abraham’s guests:

Quran 15 Verse 51 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-Hijr ayat 51, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(15:51) And tell them about Abraham’s guests.[30]


30. The story of Prophets Abraham and Lot (peace be upon them) has been related to tell the disbelievers of Makkah how angels come down with truth. This was in response to their demand: Why do you not bring angels before us, if what you say is true? (Ayat 7). Then, only this brief answer was given: We do not send down angels in this way. When they come down, they come down with truth (Ayat 8). Now these two events are cited as two concrete forms of truth with which the angels came, as if to ask the disbelievers: Now decide for yourselves which of these two forms of truth would you want angels to bring to you. It is obvious that you do not deserve that truth which was sent to Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him). Do you then desire that truth which the angels brought to the people of Prophet Lot (peace be upon him)?

Ibn-Kathir

51. And tell them about the guests (i. e., the angels) of Ibrahim. 52. When they entered upon him, and said: “Salaman (peace!).” He said: “Indeed we are frightened of you.” 53. They said: “Do not be afraid! We bring you the good news of a boy possessing much knowledge and wisdom.” 54. He said: “Do you give me this good news while old age has overtaken me Of what then is your news about” 55. They said: “We give you good news in truth. So do not be of those who despair.” 56. He said: “And who despairs of the mercy of his Lord except those who are astray”


The Guests of Ibrahim and their Good News of a Son for Him

Allah is saying: `Tell them, O Muhammad, about the story of

﴿ضَيْفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ﴾

(the guests of Ibrahim.)’

﴿دَخَلُواْ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالُواْ سَلامًا قَالَ إِنَّا مِنْكُمْ وَجِلُونَ﴾

(they entered upon him, and said: “Salaman (peace!).” He said: “Indeed we are frightened of you.”) meaning that they were scared. The reason for their fear has been mentioned previously, which is that they noticed that these guests did not eat of the food that was offered, which was a fattened calf.

﴿قَالُواْ لاَ تَوْجَلْ﴾

(They said: “Do not be afraid!…”) meaning, do not be scared.

﴿وَبَشَّرُوهُ بِغُلَـمٍ عَلَيمٍ﴾

(We bring you the good news of a boy possessing much knowledge and wisdom.) this refers to Ishaq, as was previously mentioned in Surat Hud. Then

﴿قَالَ﴾

(He said) meaning he spoke with wonder and astonishment, asking for confirmation, because he was old and his wife was old:

﴿أَبَشَّرْتُمُونِى عَلَى أَن مَّسَّنِىَ الْكِبَرُ فَبِمَ تُبَشِّرُونَ﴾

(Do you give me this good news while old age has overtaken me Of what then is your news about) They responded by confirming the good news they had brought, good news after good news:

﴿قَالُواْ بَشَّرْنَـكَ بِالْحَقِّ فَلاَ تَكُن مِّنَ الْقَـنِطِينَ ﴾

(They said: “We give you good news in truth. So do not be of those who despair.”)

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