Surah Kafirun >> Currently viewing Surah Kafirun Ayat 5 (109:5)

Surah Kafirun Ayat 5 in Arabic Text

وَلَآ أَنتُمْ عَـٰبِدُونَ مَآ أَعْبُدُ
Wa laaa antum ‘aabidoona maaa a’bud

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 5

Sahih International
Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship.

Yusuf Ali
Nor will ye worship that which I worship.

Abul Ala Maududi
nor are you going to worship Him Whom I worship.

Muhsin Khan
“Nor will you worship that which I worship.

Pickthall
Nor will ye worship that which I worship.

Dr. Ghali
Nor are you worshiping what I worship.

Abdel Haleem
you will never worship what I worship:

Quran 109 Verse 5 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Kafirun ayat 5, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(109:5) nor are you going to worship Him Whom I worship.[4]


4. A section of the commentators is of the view that both these sentences are a repetition of the theme of the first two sentences and the repetition is meant to strengthen the statement in the first two sentences. But many commentators do not regard it as a repetition. They say that a new theme has been expressed in these which is different from the theme of the first two sentences. In our opinion they are correct in so far as there is no repetition in these sentences, for in these only “nor are you worshippers of Him Whom I worship” has been repeated, and this repetition also is not in the sense in which this sentence was used first. But after negating the repetition the meanings that this section of the commentators has given of these two sentences are very different from each other. There is no occasion here to take up and discuss each of the meanings given by the commentators. Avoiding details we shall only discuss the meaning which is correct in our opinion.

In the first sentence, it has been said: “Nor am I a worshipper of those whom you have worshipped.” Its theme is absolutely different from the theme of verse 2, in which it was said: “I do not worship those whom you warship,” These two things widely differ in two aspects. First, that although there is denial, and a forceful denial, in saying that “I do not, or shall not, do such and such a thing,” yet there is much greater force in saying that “I am not a doer of such and such a thing,” for it means: “It is such an evil thing that nothing to say of committing it; it is not possible that I would even think of it, or have intention of doing it.” Second, that the sentence “whom you worship” applies to only those gods whom the disbelievers are worshipping now. On the contrary, the sentence “whom you have worshipped” applies to all those gods whom the disbelievers and their forefathers have been worshipping in the past. Now, it is a well known fact that the gods of the polytheists and disbelievers have always been changing and their number increasing and decreasing. In different ages different groups of them have been worshipping different gods, and the gods of all the disbelievers have never always been the same everywhere. Therefore, the verse means: I exonerate myself not only from your gods of today but also from the gods of your forefathers, and I am not a person who would even think of worshipping such gods.

As for the second sentence, although its words in verse 5 are the same as in verse 3, yet its meaning at the two places is different. In verse 3, it follows this sentence: “I do not worship those whom you worship.” Therefore, it means: “Nor are you worshippers of the God having the attributes of the One God Whom I worship.” And in verse 5, it follows this sentence: “Nor am I a worshipper of those whom you have worshipped.” Therefore, it means: “Nor does it seem you would become worshippers of the One God Whom I worship.” Or, in other words, “It is not possible that 1 should become a worshipper of each of those gods whom you and your forefathers have worshipped, and on account of your aversion to adopting worship of One God, instead of many gods, it cannot be expected that you would desist from this wrong worship and will become worshipper of Him Whom I worship.

Ibn-Kathir

The tafsir of Surah Kafirun verse 5 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Kafirun ayat 1 which provides the complete commentary from verse 1 through 6.

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