Assalamualaikum. Surah Al-Ma’un is the 107th surah of the Quran with 7 short ayat. The english meaning is “Small Kindness” but also referred to as Almsgiving, The Daily Necessaries, Charity, Assistance.
This Surah teaches one of the core principles of Islam. That is Zakat or charity. Specifically it advises to give without showing. It also discusses on how one should give prayer. To be present and not to be ‘heedless’ in prayer.
Read Surah Al-Ma’un Transliteration
Bismillah hir rahman nir raheem
In The Name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful
Ara-aital lazee yu kazzibu bid deen
1. Have you seen the one who denies the Recompense?
Fathalika allathee yaduAAAAualyateem
2. For that is the one who drives away the orphan
Wala yahuddu AAalataAAami almiskeen
3. And does not encourage the feeding of the poor.
Fa wai lul-lil mu salleen
4. So woe to those who pray
Al lazeena hum ‘an salaatihim sahoon
5. [But] who are heedless of their prayer –
Allatheena hum yuraoon
6. Those who make show [of their deeds]
Wa yamna’oonal ma’oon
7. And withhold [simple] assistance.
Tafseer and benefits of Surah Al Maun by Ibn kathir
This Tafsir is by Ibn Kathir. It’s important we learn from scholars that are reputable and intelligent.
“He was a highly influential historian, exegete and scholar during the Mamluk era in Syria. An expert on tafsir (Quranic exegesis) and faqīh (jurisprudence), he wrote several books, including a fourteen-volume universal history.Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani said about him, “Ibn Kathir worked on the subject of the hadith in the texts and chains of narrators. He had a good memory; his books became popular during his lifetime, and people benefited from them after his death.”
Beginning Of Tafseer
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. Have you seen him who denies Ad-Din)
(2. That is he who repulses the orphan,)
(3. And urges not the feeding of Al-Miskin.)
(4. So, woe unto those performers of Salah,)
(5. Those who with their Salah are Sahun.)
(6. Those who do good deeds only to be seen,)
(7. And withhold Al-Ma`un.)
Allah says, “O Muhammad! Have you seen the one who denies the Din”
Here the word Din means the Hereafter, the Recompense and the Final Reward.
(That is he who repulses the orphan, ) meaning, he is the one who oppresses the orphan and does not give him his just due. He does not feed him, nor is he kind to him.
(And urges not the feeding of Al-Miskin.) This is as Allah says, (Nay! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity! And urge not one another on the feeding of Al-Miskin!) (89:17-18) meaning, the poor man who has nothing to sustain him and suffice his needs. Then Allah says, (So, woe unto those performers of Salah, those who with their Salah are Sahun.) Ibn `Abbas and others have said, “This means the hypocrites who pray in public but do not pray in private.”
Thus, Allah says, (unto those performers of Salah,) They are those people who pray and adhere to the prayer, yet they are mindless of it. This may either be referring to its act entirely, as Ibn `Abbas said, or it may be referring to performing it in its stipulated time that has been legislated Islamically. This means that the person prays it completely outside of its time.
This was said by Masruq and Abu Ad-Duha.
Ata’ bin Dinar said, “All praise is due to Allah, the One Who said, (with their Salah are Sahun.) and He did not say, `those who are absent minded in their prayer.”’ It could also mean the first time of the prayer, which means they always delay it until the end of its time, or they usually do so.
It may also refer to not fulfilling its pillars and conditions, and in the required manner. It could also mean performing it with humility and contemplation of its meanings. The wording of the Ayah comprises all of these meanings. However, whoever has any characteristic of this that we have mentioned then a portion of this Ayah applies to him. And whoever has all of these characteristics, then he has completed his share of this Ayah, and the hypocrisy of actions is fulfilled in him. This is just as is confirmed in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said,
(This is the prayer of the hypocrite, this is the prayer of the hypocrite, this is the prayer of the hypocrite. He sits watching the sun until it is between the two horns of Shaytan. Then he stands and pecks four (Rak`ahs) and he does not remember Allah (in them) except very little.)
This Hadith is describing the end of the time for the `Asr prayer, which is the middle prayer as is confirmed by a text (Hadith). This is the time in which it is disliked to pray. Then this person stands to pray it, pecking in it like the pecking of a crow. He does not have tranquility or humility in it at all.
Thus, the Prophet said, (He does not remember Allah (in them) except very little.) He probably only stands to pray it so that the people will see him praying, and not seeking the Face of Allah. This is just as if he did not pray at all. Allah says, (Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them. And when they stand up with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little.)
(4:142) and Allah says here, (Those who do good deeds only to be seen,) Imam Ahmad recorded from `Amr bin Murrah that he said, “We were sitting with Abu `Ubaydah when the people mentioned showing-off. A man known as Abu Yazid said, “I heard `Abdullah bin `Amr saying that the Messenger of Allah said,
(Whoever tries to make the people hear of his deed, Allah, the One Who hears His creation, will hear it and make him despised and degraded.)” from what is related to his statement, (Those who do good deeds only to be seen.) is that whoever does a deed solely for Allah, but the people come to know about it, and he is pleased with that, then this is not considered showing off. Allah said:
(And withhold Al-Ma`un.) This means that they do not worship their Lord well, nor do they treat His creation well. They do not even lend that which others may benefit from and be helped by, even though the object will remain intact and be returned to them.
These people are even stingier when it comes to giving Zakah and different types of charity that bring one closer to Allah. Al-Mas`udi narrated from Salamah bin Kuhayl who reported from Abu Al-`Ubaydin that he asked Ibn Mas`ud about Al-Ma`un and he said, “It is what the people give to each other, like an axe, a pot, a bucket and similar items.”
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Ma`un, and all praise and thanks are due to Allah.