Surah Mu’minun >> Currently viewing Surah Mu’minun Ayat 2 (23:2)

Surah Mu’minun Ayat 2 in Arabic Text

ٱلَّذِينَ هُمْ فِى صَلَاتِهِمْ خَـٰشِعُونَ
Allazeena hum fee Salaatihim khaashi’oon

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 2

Sahih International
They who are during their prayer humbly submissive

Yusuf Ali
Those who humble themselves in their prayers;

Abul Ala Maududi
those who, in their Prayers, humble themselves;

Muhsin Khan
Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness.

Pickthall
Who are humble in their prayers,

Dr. Ghali
The ones who in their prayer are submissive.

Abdel Haleem
Those who pray humbly,

Quran 23 Verse 2 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Mu’minun ayat 2, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(23:2) those who,[2] in their Prayers, humble themselves;[3]


2. The noble characteristics of the believers pointed out in (verses 2-9 )are the arguments to prove the above assertion. In other words, it has been stated that people with such and such traits and qualities only can attain true success in this world and in the Hereafter.

3. Khashiun in the text is from khushu (to bow down, to express humility) which is a condition of the heart as well as of the body. Khushu of the heart is to fear and stand in awe of a powerful person and khushu of the body is to bow his head and lower his gaze and voice in his presence. In Salat one is required to show khushu both of the heart and of the body, and this is the essence of the Prayer. It has been reported that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) once saw a person offering his Prayer as well as playing with his beard, he remarked: If he had khushu in his heart, his body would have manifested it.

Though khushu is actually a condition of the heart, as stated by the above tradition, it is manifested by the body as a matter of course. The Shariah has enjoined certain etiquette which, on the one hand, helps produce khushu in the heart, and on the other, helps sustain the physical act of the Prayer in spite of the fluctuating condition of the heart. According to this etiquette, one should neither turn to the right or left, nor raise his head to look up, One may, however, look around from the corner of the eye, but as far as possible, he must fix the gaze on the place where the forehead would rest in prostration. One is also forbidden to shift about, incline sideways, fold the garments or shake off dust from them. It is also forbidden that while going down for prostration, one should clean the place where he would sit or perform prostration. Similarly it is disrespectful that one should stand stuffy erect, recite the verses of the Quran in a loud resounding voice, or sing them, or belch or yawn repeatedly and noisily. It has also not been approved that one should offer the Prayer in a hurry. The injunction is that each article of the Prayer should be performed in perfect peace and tranquility, and unless one article has been completely performed, the next should not be begun. If one feels hurt by something during the Prayer, he may cast it aside by one hand, but moving the hand repeatedly or using both the hands for the purpose is prohibited. Along with this etiquette of the body, it is also important that one should avoid thinking irrelevant things during the Prayer. If thoughts come to the mind without one’s intention, it is a natural human weakness, but one should try his utmost that the mind and heart are wholly turned towards Allah, and the mind is in full harmony and tune with the tongue, and as soon as one becomes conscious of irrelevant thoughts, he should immediately turn the attention to the Prayer.

Ibn-Kathir

The tafsir of Surah Al-Muminun verse 2 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Muminun ayat 1 which provides the complete commentary from verse 1 through 11.

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