Surah Mu’minun Ayat 50 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 50
And We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign and sheltered them within a high ground having level [areas] and flowing water.
And We made the son of Mary and his mother as a Sign: We gave them both shelter on high ground, affording rest and security and furnished with springs.
And We made Mary’s son, and his mother, a Sign, and We gave them refuge on a lofty ground, a peaceful site with springs flowing in it.
And We made the son of Maryam (Mary) and his mother as a sign, And We gave them refuge on high ground, a place of rest, security and flowing streams.
And We made the son of Mary and his mother a portent, and We gave them refuge on a height, a place of flocks and watersprings.
And We made Maryam’s (Mary’s) son and his mother a sign, and gave an abode to (both of) them upon a mound, with (Literally: owing, comprising) a (refreshing) residence and a profuse (spring).
We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign; We gave them shelter on a peaceful hillside with flowing water.
Quran 23 Verse 50 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Mu’minun ayat 50, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(23:50) And We made Mary’s son, and his mother, a Sign, and We gave them refuge on a lofty ground, a peaceful site with springs flowing in it.
43. The wording “We made the son of Mary and his mother a sign” is very significant, because it means that neither the son of Mary nor his mother was each a separate sign, but both of them together were a sign. This verse is a clear proof that a son was born to Mary without cohabitation with a man and that Jesus had no father. For further details see (Surah Aal-Imran, Ayats 45-49); (Surah An-Nisa, Ayats 156, 171); (Surah Maryam, Ayats 16-35) and (Surah Al-Anbiya, Ayats 91) and the relevant E.N.s.
In this connection, it should also be noted that the case of the error in regards to Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) and his mother was different from the error in regard to other Prophets, who were rejected because they were human beings. But the deviation in regard to Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) and his mother was that the credulous people raised them from the low position of human beings to the high rank of Godhead. On the other hand, those, who went to the other extreme accused Mary of unchastity, although they were witnesses of the miraculous birth of Jesus and had heard him speak in the cradle.
44. Different people have mentioned different places, like Damascus, Ar-Ramlah, Jerusalem and Egypt, in regard to the plateau where Allah gave them shelter. From the Christian traditions it appears that Mary had to leave her home twice after the birth of Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him), first in the time of Herod when she took him to Egypt and stayed there till Herod’s death, and then in the time of Arichelaus when she took him to Nazareth in Galilee. (Matthew, 2: 13-23). Therefore it cannot be said with certainty to which of these two emigrations the Quran refers here. It is, however, obvious that the place of shelter was a plateau which provided them with all the necessities of life.
50. And We made the son of Maryam and his mother as a sign, and We gave them refuge on a Rabwah, Dhat Qarar, and Ma`in.
Allah tells us about His servant and Messenger `Isa bin Maryam, peace be upon them both, and that He made them as a sign for mankind, i.e., definitive proof of His ability to do what He wills. For He created Adam without a father or a mother, He created Hawwa’ from a male without a female, and He created `Isa from a female without a male, but He created the rest of mankind from both male and female.
(and We gave them refuge on high ground, a place of rest, security and flowing streams.) Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn `Abbas said: “Ar-Rabwah is a raised portion of land, which is the best place for vegetation to grow.” This was also the view of Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Qatadah. Ibn `Abbas said,
(Dhat Qarar)”A fertile place.
(and Ma`in) means water running on the surface.” This was also the view of Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr and Qatadah. Mujahid said: “A level hill.” Sa`id bin Jubayr said that
(Dhat Qarar and Ma`in) means that water was flowing gently through it. Mujahid and Qatadah said:
(and Ma`in ) “Running water.” Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib:
(and We gave them refuge on a Rabwah, Dhat Qarar and Ma`in.) “It is Damascus.” He said; “Something similar was also narrated from `Abdullah bin Salam, Al-Hasan, Zayd bin Aslam and Khalid bin Ma`dan.” Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from `Ikrimah from Ibn `Abbas that this Ayah referred to the rivers of Damascus. Layth bin Abi Sulaym narrated from Mujahid that the words;
(and We gave them refuge on a Rabwah,) referred to `Isa bin Maryam and his mother when they sought refuge in Damascus and the flatlands around it. `Abdur-Razzaq recorded that Abu Hurayrah said:
(on a Rabwah, Dhat Qarar and Ma`in.), “It is Ramlah in Palestine.” The most correct opinion on this matter is that which was reported by Al-`Awfi from Ibn `Abbas, who said;
(and We gave them refuge on a Rabwah, Dhat Qarar and Ma`in.) “Ma`in refers to running water, and is the river of which Allah mentioned:
(your Lord has provided a water stream under you.)”﴿19:24﴾ Ad-Dahhak and Qatadah said;
(on a high ground, a place of rest, security and flowing streams.) refers to Jerusalem. This — and Allah knows best — is the most apparent meaning, because it is mentio- ned in the other Ayah, and parts of the Qur’an explain other parts, so it is more appropriate to interpret it by another Ayah, then the Sahih Hadiths, then other reports.
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