Assalamualaikum, we begin with a short introduction of Surah Al Zalzalah.
The English meaning of this surah is “The Quake” and is the 99th surah of the Quran. It is a composed of 8 ayats.
The surah begins by describing how on the Day of Judgment, the Earth will give off a terrible earthquake and “throw up her burdens”. The main theme or subject matter behind this surah is presenting the second life and how people will be faced with a full record of theirs deeds.
It paints a picture of how men on judgement day will rise from all corners of the earth to be shown their deeds and works. Their presentation of the deeds will be so complete and detailed that not an atom’s weight of any good or evil act will be left unnoticed or hidden from their eyes.
Read Surah Al Zalzalah
English Translation by Sahih International
Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem
In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful
Itha zulzilati al-ardu zilzalaha
1. When the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake
Wa akh rajatil ardu athqaalaha
2. And the earth discharges its burdens
Waqala al-insanu ma laha
3. And man says, “What is [wrong] with it?”
Yawmaa izin tuhad dithu akhbaaraha
4. That Day, it will report its news
Bi-anna rabbaka awha laha
5. Because your Lord has commanded it.
Yawma iziny yas durun naasu ash tatal liyuraw a’maalahum
6. That Day, the people will depart separated [into categories] to be shown [the result of] their deeds.
Faman yaAAmal mithqala tharratin khayran yarah
7. So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it,
Wa maiy-y’amal mithqala zarratin sharraiy-yarah
8. And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.
Tafseer and Benefits of Surah Al Zalzalah
It’s important we learn from scholars that are reputable and intelligent. This Tafsir is by Ibn Kathir, a famous Mufassir (commentator of Quran). He is well known and respected for his keen memory and a highly regarded scholar of tafsir.
The Tafsir of Ibn Kathir is known by many Muslims as a complete thorough explanation of The Quran and is often cited by many scholars in their research. His books became popular during his lifetime, and since his death have benefited many people (Read More About Ibn Kathir Wikipedia).
The Virtues of Surat Az-Zalzalah
Imam Ahmad recorded from `Abdullah bin `Amr that he said, “A man came to the Messenger of Allah and said, `Teach me what to recite, O Messenger of Allah!’
The Prophet said, (Recite three from those ﴿which begin﴾ with the letters Alif, Lam, Ra’) The man then said to him, `I have become old in age, my heart has hardened and my tongue has become harsh.’
The Prophet said, (Then recite from those ﴿which begin﴾ with the letters Ha-Mim.) The man said the same thing as he had said before, so the Prophet said, (Recite three from the Musabbihat.)
The man again said the same thing as he had said before. Then the man said, `Rather give me something to recite that is comprehensive (of all of these), O Messenger of Allah.
So the Prophet told him to recite (When the earth quakes with its Zilzal.) Then when he (the Prophet ) finished reciting the Surah to him the man said, `By He Who has sent you you with the truth as a Prophet, I will never add anything else to it.’
Then the man turned away and left, and the Prophet said, (The little man has been successful, the little man has been successful.) Then the Prophet said, (Bring him back to me.)
So the man came to him and the Prophet said to him, (I have also been commanded to celebrate Id Al-Adha, which Allah has made a celebration for this Ummah.)
The man said `What do you think if I am only able to acquire a borrowed milking she-camel — should I slaughter it’ The Prophet said, (No. But you should cut your hair, clip your nails, trim your mustache, shave your pubic area and that will be the completion of your sacrifice with Allah, the Mighty and Majestic.)” Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i recorded this Hadith.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
1. When the earth quakes with its Zilzal
2. And when the earth throws out its burdens
3. And man will say: “What is the matter with it”
4. That Day it will declare its information
5. Because your Lord will inspire it
6. That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds
7. So, whosoever does good equal to the weight of a speck of dust shall see it
8. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of a speck of dust shall see it
The Day of Judgement what will take place during it, the Condition of the Earth and Condition of people
Ibn `Abbas said, (When the earth quakes with its Zilzal.) “This means that it will move from beneath it.”
(And when the earth throws out its burdens.) meaning, it will throw forth that which is in it of the dead. More than one of the Salaf have said this and it is similar to Allah’s statement, (O mankind! Have Taqwa of your Lord! Verily, the earthquake (Zalzalah) of the Hour is a terrible thing.) (22:1)
This is also similar to His saying, (And when the earth is stretched forth, and has cast out all that was in it and became empty.) (84:3-4) Muslim recorded in his Sahih from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said, (The earth will throw out the pieces of its liver (its contents). Gold and silver will come out like columns. A murderer will come and say, `I killed for this’ The one who broke the ties of kinship will say, `For this I severed the ties of kinship’ The thief will say, `For this I got my hands amputated’ Then they will leave it there and no one will take anything from it.)”
Then Allah says, (And man will say: “What is the matter with it”) meaning, he will be baffled by its situation after it used to be stable, settled and firm, and he used to be settled upon its surface.
This refers to the alteration of the state of things and the earth moving and shaking. There will come to it inescapable quaking that Allah prepared for it. Then it will throw out its dead people — from the first to the last generations. At that time the people will be baffled by the events and the earth changing into other than the earth, and the heavens as well.
Then they will be presented before Allah, the One, the Irresistible. Concerning Allah’s statement, (That Day it will declare its information.) meaning, it will speak of what the people did upon its surface.
Imam Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi and Abu `Abdur-Rahman An-Nasa’i all recorded a Hadith from Abu Hurayrah — and in the wording of An-Nasa’i’s version it states — that he said, “The Messenger of Allah recited this Ayah, (That Day it will declare its information.)
Then he said, (Do you know what is its information) They said, `Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, (Verily, its information is that it will testify against every male and female servant, about what they did upon its surface. It will say that he did such and such on such and such day. So this is its information.)”
Then At-Tirmidhi said, “This Hadith is Sahih Gharib.” Concerning Allah’s statement, (Because your Lord will inspire it.) It is apparent that the implied meaning here is that He will permit it (the earth). Shabib bin Bishr narrated from `Ikrimah that Ibn `Abbas said, (That Day it will declare its information.) “Its Lord will say to it, `Speak.’ So it will speak.” Mujahid commented (on “inspire it”), ” He commands it (i.e., to speak). ” Al-Qurazi said, “He will command it to separate from them.”
Then Allah says, (That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups (Ashtat)) meaning, they will return from the station of the Judgement in separate groups.
This means that they will be divided into types and categories: between those who are miserable and those who are happy, and those who are commanded to go to Paradise and those who are commanded to go to the Hellfire. As-Suddi said, “Ashtat means sects.” Allah said, (that they may be shown their deeds.) meaning, so that they may act and be rewarded for what they did in this life of good and evil.
The Recompense for Every Minute Deed Therefore
Allah goes on to say, (So whosoever does good equal to the weight of a speck of dust shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of speck of dust shall see it.)
Al-Bukhari recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said, (The horses are for three. For one man they are a reward, for another man they are a shield, and for another man they are a burden. In reference to the man for whom they are a reward, he is the man who keeps them to be used in the way of Allah.
Thus, they spend their entire life grazing in the pasture or garden (waiting in preparation for Jihad). So whatever afflicts them during that lengthy period in the pasture or garden, it will be counted as good deeds for him. Then, if their lengthy period is ended and they are used for a noble battle or two, their hoof prints and their dung are counted as good deeds for him.
When they passed through a stream from which they did drink, though he (their owner) does not intend to quench their thirst, yet, it would be counted as good deeds, Therefore, they are a reward for that man. A man who keeps them to maintain himself and to be independent of others (i.e., begging, etc.), and he does not forget the right of Allah upon their necks and their backs (i.e., their Zakah), then they are a shield for him (from the Hellfire).
A man who keeps them in order to boast, brag and show off, then they are a burden for him (on Judgement Day).) So the Messenger of Allah was then asked about the donkeys and he said, (Allah has not revealed anything concerning them except this single, comprehensive Ayah: (So whosoever does good equal to the weight of a speck of dust shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of speck of dust shall see it.) Muslim also recorded this Hadith.
In Sahih Al-Bukhari, it is recorded from `Adi that the Prophet said, (Fear (ward off) the Fire, even if by giving half a date in charity, and even by saying a single word of good.) In the Sahih as well, he (`Adi) narrated (from the Prophet) (Do not under rate any good act, even if it is offering drinking water from your bucket to one who is seeking a drink, or meeting your brother with a cheerful face.)
It is also recorded in the Sahih that the Prophet said, (O party of believing women! None of you should belittle a gift sent by your neighbor, even if it is a Firsan of a sheep.) The word Firsan in this Hadith means its hoof. In another Hadith he said, (Give something to the beggar, even if it is a burnt hoof.) It has been reported from A’ishah that she gave a single grape in charity and then she said, “To how much dust is it equivelent” Imam Ahmad recorded from `Awf bin Al-Harith bin At-Tufayl that `A’ishah told him that the Prophet used to say, (O `A’ishah! Beware of the sins that are belittled, for indeed they will be taken account of by Allah.) This Hadith was recorded by An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.
Imam Ahmad recorded from `Abdullah bin Mas`ud that the Messenger of Allah said, (Beware of the sins that are belittled. For verily, they are gathered in a man until they destroy him.) And indeed the Messenger of Allah made an example of them (sins that are taken lightly) by saying that they are like a people who settle in barren land. Then their leader comes and orders the men to go out one at a time and each bring back a stick until they have gathered a large number of sticks. Then they kindled a fire and burned everything that they threw into it.
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Idha Zulzilat (Al-Zalzalah) and all praise and thanks are due to Allah.