Surah An-Nisa Ayat 17 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 17
The repentance accepted by Allah is only for those who do wrong in ignorance [or carelessness] and then repent soon after. It is those to whom Allah will turn in forgiveness, and Allah is ever Knowing and Wise.
Allah accept the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent soon afterwards; to them will Allah turn in mercy: For Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.
(And remember that) Allah’s acceptance of repentance is only for those who commit evil out of ignorance and then soon repent. It is towards such persons that Allah turns graciously. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Allah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they to whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.
Forgiveness is only incumbent on Allah toward those who do evil in ignorance (and) then turn quickly (in repentance) to Allah. These are they toward whom Allah relenteth. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.
Surely relenting from (Literally: upon, i.e.’ Allah relents) Allah is only towards the ones who do any odious deed in ignorance (and) thereafter they repent shortly; so Allah relents towards those and Allah has been Ever-Knowing, Ever-Wise.
But God only undertakes to accept repentance from those who do evil out of ignorance and soon afterwards repent: these are the ones God will forgive, He is all knowing, all wise.
Quran 4 Verse 17 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah An-Nisa ayat 17, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(4:17) (And remember that) Allah’s acceptance of repentance is only for those who commit evil out of ignorance and then soon repent. It is towards such persons that Allah turns graciously. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
There is no commentary by Abul Maududi available for this verse.
17. Allah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon ﴿afterwards﴾; it is they to whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise. 18. And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them, We have prepared a painful torment.
Allah states that He accepts repentance of the servant who commits an error in ignorance and then repents, even just before he sees the angel who captures the soul, before his soul reaches his throat. Mujahid and others said, “Every person who disobeys Allah by mistake, or intentionally is ignorant, until he refrains from the sin.” Qatadah said that Abu Al-`Aliyah narrated that the Companions of the Messenger of Allah used to say, “Every sin that the servant commits, he commits out of ignorance.” `Abdur-Razzaq narrated that, Ma`mar said that Qatadah said that, the Companions of the Messenger of Allah agreed that every sin that is committed by intention or otherwise, is committed in ignorance.” Ibn Jurayj said, “Abdullah bin Kathir narrated to me that Mujahid said, `Every person who disobeys Allah (even willfully), is ignorant while committing the act of disobedience.”’ Ibn Jurayj said, “`Ata’ bin Abi Rabah told me something similar.” Abu Salih said that Ibn `Abbas commented, “It is because of one’s ignorance that he commits the error.” `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said about the Ayah,
(and repent soon (afterwards)), “Until just before he (or she) looks at the angel of death.” Ad-Dahhak said, “Every thing before death is `soon ﴿afterwards﴾.”’ Al-Hasan Al-Basri said about the Ayah,
(and repent soon afterwards), “Just before his last breath leaves his throat.” `Ikrimah said, “All of this life is `soon ﴿afterwards﴾.”’ Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Umar said that the Messenger said,
(Allah accepts the repentance of the servant as long as the soul does not reach the throat.) This Hadith was also collected by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah, and At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Gharib”. By mistake, Ibn Majah mentioned that this Hadith was narrated through `Abdullah bin `Amr. However, what is correct is that `Abdullah bin `Umar bin Al-Khattab was the narrator. Allah said,
(It is they to whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All-Wise.) Surely, when hope in continued living diminishes, the angel of death comes forth and the soul reaches the throat, approaches the chest and arrives at the state where it is being gradually pulled out, then there is no accepted repentance, nor a way out of that certain end. Hence Allah’s statements,
(And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent,”) and,
(So when they saw Our punishment, they said: “We believe in Allah Alone…”) ﴿40:84﴾ Allah decided that repentance shall not be accepted from the people of the earth when the sun rises from the west, as Allah said,
(The day that some of the signs of your Lord do come, no good will it do to a person to believe then, if he believed not before, nor earned good through his faith.) ﴿6:158﴾. oAllah said,
(nor of those who die while they are disbelievers.) Consequently, when the disbeliever dies while still a disbeliever and polytheist, his sorrow and repentance shall not avail him. If he were to ransom himself, even with the earth’s fill of gold, it will not be accepted from him. Ibn `Abbas, Abu Al-`Aliyah and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said that the Ayah:
(nor of those who die while they are disbelievers), was revealed about the people of Shirk. Imam Ahmad recorded that Usamah bin Salman said that Abu Dharr said that the Messenger of Allah said,
(Allah accepts the repentance of His servant, or forgives His servant, as long as the veil does not drop.) They asked, “And what does the drop of the veil mean ” He said,
(When the soul is removed while one is a polythiest.) Allah then said,
(For them We have prepared a painful torment), torment that is severe, eternal and enormous.
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