Surah Ash-Shams Ayat 7 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 7
And [by] the soul and He who proportioned it
By the Soul, and the proportion and order given to it;
and by the soul and by Him Who perfectly proportioned it,
And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul, etc.), and Him Who perfected him in proportion;
And a soul and Him Who perfected it
And (by) the self and That (i.e., The Command) which molded it,
by the soul and how He formed it
Quran 91 Verse 7 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Ash-Shams ayat 7, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(91:7) and by the soul and by Him Who perfectly proportioned it,
4. Proportioned it: Gave man such a body which by virtue of its erect stature, its hands and feet, and its brain was most appropriate for him to live as man in the world. He blessed him with the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell which on account of their combination and their characteristics could become the best means of obtaining knowledge for him. He endowed him with the faculties of thinking, reasoning, imagination, memory, discrimination, judgment, will-power and such other mental powers by virtue of which he is able to perform the functions fit for man in the world. In addition, proportioning also means that man was not created a sinner by birth and a criminal by instinct but on right and sound nature, and was not characterized with any inborn crookedness because of which he may be unable to adopt the right path even if he wanted to do so. This same thing has been expressed in Surah Ar-Room, saying: Be steadfast on the nature whereupon Allah has created mankind, (verse 30), and the same has been explained by the Prophet (peace be upon him) in a Hadith, saying: Every new-born child is born on true human nature; it is his parents who make him a Jew or a Christian or a Magian afterwards. Its example is of an animal giving birth to complete and sound young one. Do you find any one with a torn or slit ear? (Bukhari, Muslim). That is, it is the polytheistic people who on account of their superstitions of ignorance tear and slit the ears of animals afterwards; otherwise God does not cause an animal to be born with torn ears from its mother’s belly. In another Hadith the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: My Lord says: I had created all My servants on true faith (i.e. on sound nature); then the satans came and led them astray from their faith (i.e.. the true natural faith) and made unlawful what I had made lawful for them, and commanded them to associate with Me those for whom I had sent down no authority. (Musnad Ahmad; Muslim also has related a saying from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in similar words).
The tafsir of Surah Ash-Shams verse 7 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Ash-Shams ayat 1 which provides the complete commentary from verse 1 through 10.
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