Assalamualaikum, we begin with a short introduction of Surah At-Takathur. The English meaning of this surah is “Rivalry, Competition ” and is the 102nd surah of the Quran. It is a short Meccan surah consisting of only 8 Ayats.
The main theme behind this surah is factionalism (the splitting of a group into different sects and parties). It also touches upon disagreements between individuals and groups. Three times in a row the sura warns the reader that “you shall know” that those who sow discord (disagreement between people) are headed towards Jahanam or hell.
Read Surah At-Takathur Transliteration
Bismillah Hir Rahman Nir Raheem
In the name of Allah, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful
Al haaku mut takathur
1. Competition in [worldly] increase diverts you
Hatta zurtumu almaqabir
2. Until you visit the graveyards.
Kalla sawfa ta’lamoon
3. No! You are going to know.
Thumma kalla sawfa ta’lamoon
4. Then no! You are going to know.
Kalla law taAAlamoona AAilma alyaqeen
5. No! If you only knew with knowledge of certainty.
6. You will surely see the Hellfire.
Thumma latarawunnaha AAayna alyaqeen
7. Then you will surely see it with the eye of certainty.
Thumma latus alunna yauma-izin ‘anin na’eem
8. Then you will surely be asked that Day about pleasure.
Tafsir and Benefits of At-Takathur
It’s important we learn from scholars that are reputable and intelligent. This Tafsir is by Ibn Kathir. Famous Mufassir (commentator of Quran). He is well known and respected for his keen memory and a highly regarded scholar of tafsir. The Tafsir of Ibn Kathir is respected by many Muslims as a complete thorough explanation of The Quran and is often cited by many scholars in their research. His books became popular during his lifetime, and since his death have benefited many people.
Which was revealed in Makkah
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
(1. The mutual increase diverts you)
(2. Until you visit the graves)
(3. Nay! You shall come to know!)
(4. Again nay! You shall come to know!)
(4. Again nay! You shall come to know!)
(5. Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge.)
(6. Verily, you shall see the blazing Fire!)
(7. And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight!)
(8. Then on that Day you shall be asked about the delights!)
The Result of Loving the World and Heedlessness of the Hereafter
Allah says that all are preoccupied by love of the world, its delights and its adornments, and this distracts you from seeking the Hereafter and desiring it. This delays you until death comes to you and you visit the graves, thus becoming its inhabitants. In Sahih Al-Bukhari, it is recorded in the Book of Ar-Riqaq (Narrations that soften the Heart) from Anas bin Malik, who reported that Ubayy bin Ka`b said, “We used to think that this was a part of the Qur’an until the Ayah was revealed which says;
(The mutual increase diverts you.)” He was referring to the Hadith in which the Prophet said, (If the Son of Adam had a valley of gold, he would desire another like it…) Imam Ahmad recorded from `Abdullah bin Ash-Shikhkhir that he said, “I came to the Messenger of Allah while he was saying, (The mutual increase diverts you.)” He was referring to the Hadith in which the Prophet said, (If the Son of Adam had a valley of gold, he would desire another like it…) Imam Ahmad recorded from `Abdullah bin Ash-Shikhkhir that he said, “I came to the Messenger of Allah while he was saying,
(The mutual increase diverts you.)( The Son of Adam says, “My wealth, my wealth.” But do you get anything (of benefit) from your wealth except for that which you ate and you finished it, or that which you clothed yourself with and you wore it out, or that which you gave as charity and you have spent it)”
Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i also recorded this Hadith. Muslim recorded in his Sahih from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said, (The servant says “My wealth, my wealth.” Yet he only gets three (benefits) from his wealth: that which he eats and finishes, that which he eats and finishes, that which he wears until it is worn out, or that which he gives in charity and it is spent.
Everything else other than that will go away and leave him for the people.) Muslim was alone in recording this Hadith. Al-Bukhari recorded from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah said, (Three things follow the deceased person, and two of them return while one remains behind with him. The things which follow him are his family, his wealth and his deeds. His family and his wealth return while his deeds remain.)
This Hadith has also been recorded by Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i. Imam Ahmad recorded from Anas that the Prophet said, (The Son of Adam becomes old with senility, but yet two things remain with him: greed and hope.) Both of them (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) recorded this Hadith in the Two Sahihs.
This is the end of the Tafseer Surah At-Takathur, and all praise and thanks are due to Allah.