Surah Tin >> Currently viewing Surah Tin Ayat 5 (95:5)

Surah Tin Ayat 5 in Arabic Text

ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَـٰهُ أَسْفَلَ سَـٰفِلِينَ
Thumma ra dad naahu asfala saafileen

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 5

Sahih International
Then We return him to the lowest of the low,

Yusuf Ali
Then do We abase him (to be) the lowest of the low,-

Abul Ala Maududi
then We reverted him to the lowest of the low,

Muhsin Khan
Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low,

Pickthall
Then we reduced him to the lowest of the low,

Dr. Ghali
Thereafter We turned him back to the basest of the base,

Abdel Haleem
then reduce him to the lowest of the low,

Quran 95 Verse 5 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Tin ayat 5, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(95:5) then We reverted him to the lowest of the low,[4]


4. The commentators in general have given two meanings of this:

(1) That We reversed him to the miserable state of old age in which he was no longer able to think and understand and work.

(2) That We reversed him to the lowest stage of Hell.

But these two meanings cannot be an argument for the object for the confirmation of which this Surah was revealed. The Surah is meant to reason out the truth of the judgment in the Hereafter. On this, neither has this fact any bearing that some human beings are caused to reach the most miserable state of old age, nor that a section of human beings will be cast into Hell. The first thing cannot be an argument for the judgment because old age comes upon both the good and the bad people, and a person’s reaching this age is no punishment which he might suffer in consequence of his deeds. As for the second thing, it will occur in the Hereafter. It cannot be presented as an argument before the people who are being convinced of the meting out of rewards and punishments in the Hereafter itself. Therefore in our opinion the correct meaning of the verse is: After having been created in the finest of molds when man uses the powers of his body and mind in evil ways, Allah grants him the power to do only evil and causes him to reach the lowest ebb of degradation. This is a truth which one commonly observes in human society. People become so overwhelmed by greed, selfishness, lustfulness, addiction to intoxicants, meanness, rage and fury and such other traits that morally they are actually reduced to the lowest of the low. Consider only one example: When a nation is blinded by its hostility to another country it surpasses all savage beasts in barbarity. A wild beast preys upon its victim only for the sake of food, it does not resort to a general massacre; but man resorts to massacre of his own kind. The beast only uses its claws and teeth but man who has been created in the best of molds invents the gun, rifle, tank, aircraft, atom and hydrogen bombs and countless other weapons by his intellect so that he can instantly destroy whole populations. The beast only kills or inflicts a wound but man invents such painful methods of torturing men like himself as cannot even be imagined by a beast. Then to wreak his vengeance and fury on his enemies he forces the women to march out in naked processions: they are subjected to rape by tens and twenties of men; they are dishonored before the eyes of their fathers, brothers and husbands; children are massacred in front of their parents; mothers are forced to drink their children’s blood; human beings are burnt and buried alive. There is no wild species of animals in the world which may equal this human barbarity in any degree. The same is also the case with other evil traits, man proves himself to be the lowest of the low in whichever evil he indulges. So much so that he degrades even religion which is the most sacred thing for man: he worships the trees, animals and mountains, even the sex organs of man and woman; he keeps religious prostitutes in the places of worship to win the goodwill of the gods and commits adultery with them as an act of virtue. In his mythology he attributes such filthy tales to his gods and goddesses which would make the most wretched beast to hang his head in shame.

Ibn-Kathir

The tafsir of Surah Tin verse 5 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Tin ayat 1 which provides the complete commentary from verse 1 through 8.

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