Surah Al-Imran >> Currently viewing Surah Imran Ayat 145 (3:145)

Surah Al-Imran Ayat 145 in Arabic Text

وَمَا كَانَ لِنَفْسٍ أَن تَمُوتَ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِ ٱللَّهِ كِتَـٰبًۭا مُّؤَجَّلًۭا ۗ وَمَن يُرِدْ ثَوَابَ ٱلدُّنْيَا نُؤْتِهِۦ مِنْهَا وَمَن يُرِدْ ثَوَابَ ٱلْـَٔاخِرَةِ نُؤْتِهِۦ مِنْهَا ۚ وَسَنَجْزِى ٱلشَّـٰكِرِينَ
Wa maa kaana linafsin an tamoota illaa bi iznillaahi kitaabam mu’ajjalaa; wa mai yurid sawaabad dunyaa nu’tihee minhaa wa mai yurid sawaabal Aakhirati nu’tihee minhaa; wa sanajzish shaakireen

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 145

Sahih International
And it is not [possible] for one to die except by permission of Allah at a decree determined. And whoever desires the reward of this world – We will give him thereof; and whoever desires the reward of the Hereafter – We will give him thereof. And we will reward the grateful.

Yusuf Ali
Nor can a soul die except by Allah’s leave, the term being fixed as by writing. If any do desire a reward in this life, We shall give it to him; and if any do desire a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give it to him. And swiftly shall We reward those that (serve us with) gratitude.

Abul Ala Maududi
It is not given to any soul to die except with the leave of Allah, and at an appointed time. And he who desires his reward in this world, We shall grant him the reward of this world; and he who desires the reward of the Other World, We shall grant him the reward of the Other World. And soon shall We reward the ones who are grateful.

Muhsin Khan
And no person can ever die except by Allah’s Leave and at an appointed term. And whoever desires a reward in (this) world, We shall give him of it; and whoever desires a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give him thereof. And We shall reward the grateful

Pickthall
No soul can ever die except by Allah’s leave and at a term appointed. Whoso desireth the reward of the world, We bestow on him thereof; and whoso desireth the reward of the Hereafter, We bestow on him thereof. We shall reward the thankful.

Dr. Ghali
And in no way is a self to die except by the permission of Allah, at an appointed term; (Literally: anappointed book) and whoever is willing to have the requital of the present (life), (Literally: this lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) We will bring him of it; and whoever is willing to have the requital of the Hereafter, We will bring him of it; and We will soon recompense the thankful.

Abdel Haleem
No soul may die except with God’s permission at a predestined time. If anyone strives for the rewards of this world, We will give him some of them. If anyone strives for the rewards of the Hereafter, We will give him some of them: We will reward the grateful.

Quran 3 Verse 145 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Imran ayat 145, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(3:145) It is not given to any soul to die except with the leave of Allah, and at an appointed time.[104] And he who desires his reward in this world, We shall grant him the reward of this world; and he who desires the reward of the Other World,[105] We shall grant him the reward of the Other World. And soon shall We reward the ones who are grateful.[106]


104. The purpose of this directive is to bring home to the Muslims that it would be futile for them to try to flee from death. No one can either die before or survive the moment determined for death by God. Hence one should not waste one’s time thinking how to escape death. Instead, one should take stock of one’s activities and see whether one’s efforts have either been directed merely to one’s well-being in this world or to well-being in the Hereafter.

105. The word thawab denotes recompense and reward. The ‘reward of this world’ signifies the totality of benefits and advantages which a man receives as a consequence of his actions and efforts within the confines of this world. The reward of the Other World’ denotes the benefits that a man will receive in the lasting World to Come as the fruits of his actions and efforts. From the Islamic point of view, the crucial question bearing upon human morals is whether a man keeps his attention focused on the worldly results of his endeavours or on the results which will acrue to him in the Next World.

106. The ‘ones who are grateful’ are those who fully appreciate God’s favour in making the true religion available to them, and thereby intimating to them knowledge of a realm that is infinitely vaster than this world. Such people appreciate that God has graciously informed them of the truth so that the consequences of human endeavour are not confined to the brief span of earthly life but cover a vast expanse, embracing both the present life and the much more important life of the Hereafter.

A grateful man is he who, having gained this breadth of outlook and having developed this long-range perception of the ultimate consequences of things, persists in acts of righteousness out of his faith in God and his confidence in God’s assurance that they will bear fruit in the Hereafter. He does so even though he may sometimes find that, far from bearing fruit, righteousness leads to privation and suffering in this world. The ungrateful ones are those who persist in a narrow preoccupation with earthly matters. They are those who disregard the evil consequences of unrighteousness in the Hereafter, seizing everything which appears to yield benefits and advantages in this world, and who are not prepared to devote their time and energy to those acts of goodness which promise to bear fruit in the Hereafter and which are either unlikely to yield earthly advantages or are fraught with risks. Such people are ungrateful and lack appreciation of the valuable knowledge vouchsafed to them by God.

Ibn-Kathir

The tafsir of Surah Imran verse 145 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Imran ayat 144 which provides the complete commentary from verse 144 through 148.

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