Surah Al-Infitar >> Currently viewing Surah Al-Infitar Ayat 5 (82:5)

Surah Al-Infitar Ayat 5 in Arabic Text

عَلِمَتْ نَفْسٌۭ مَّا قَدَّمَتْ وَأَخَّرَتْ
Alimat nafsum maa qaddamat wa akhkharat

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 5

Sahih International
A soul will [then] know what it has put forth and kept back.

Yusuf Ali
(Then) shall each soul know what it hath sent forward and (what it hath) kept back.

Abul Ala Maududi
everyone shall know all his deeds, both the earlier and the later.

Muhsin Khan
(Then) a person will know what he has sent forward and (what he has) left behind (of good or bad deeds).

Pickthall
A soul will know what it hath sent before (it) and what left behind.

Dr. Ghali
A self will know whatever it has forwarded and deferred.

Abdel Haleem
each soul will know what it has done and what it has left undone.

Quran 82 Verse 5 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-Infitar ayat 5, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(82:5) everyone shall know all his deeds, both the earlier and the later.[3]


3. The words ma qaddamat wa akhkharat can have several meanings and all are implied here:

(1) Ma qaddamat is the good or evil act which man has sent forward, and ma akhkharat is what he refrained from doing. Thus, these Arabic words correspond to the acts of commission and omission in one’s life.

(2) Ma qaddamat is what one did earlier and ma akhkharat what one did later; i.e. the whole life-work of man will appear before him date-wise and in proper sequence.

(3) Whatever good and evil deeds a man did in his life is ma qaddamat and whatever effects and influences of his acts he left behind for human society is ma akhkharat.

Ibn-Kathir

The tafsir of Surah Infitar verse 5 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Infitar ayat 1 which provides the complete commentary from verse 1 through 12.

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