Surah Al-Isra >> Currently viewing Surah Al-Isra Ayat 45 (17:45)

Surah Al-Isra Ayat 45 in Arabic Text

وَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ ٱلْقُرْءَانَ جَعَلْنَا بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِٱلْـَٔاخِرَةِ حِجَابًۭا مَّسْتُورًۭا
Wa izaa qara’ tal Quraana ja’alnaa bainaka wa bainal lazeena laa yu’minoona bil aakhirati hijaabam mastooraa

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 45

Sahih International
And when you recite the Qur’an, We put between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter a concealed partition.

Yusuf Ali
When thou dost recite the Qur’an, We put, between thee and those who believe not in the Hereafter, a veil invisible:

Abul Ala Maududi
When you recite the Qur’an, We place a hidden barrier between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter;

Muhsin Khan
And when you (Muhammad SAW) recite the Quran, We put between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter, an invisible veil (or screen their hearts, so they hear or understand it not).

Pickthall
And when thou recitest the Qur’an we place between thee and those who believe not in the Hereafter a hidden barrier;

Dr. Ghali
And when you read the Qur’an, We make between you and the ones who do not believe in the Hereafter a screened curtain.

Abdel Haleem
[Prophet], when you recite the Quran, We put an invisible barrier between you and those who do not believe in the life to come.

Quran 17 Verse 45 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-Isra ayat 45, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(17:45) When you recite the Qur’an, We place a hidden barrier between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter;


There is no commentary by Abul Maududi available for this verse.

Ibn-Kathir

45. And when you recite the Qur’an, We put between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter, an invisible veil. 46. And We have put Akinnah over their hearts, lest they should understand it, and in their ears deafness. And when you make mention of your Lord Alone in the Qur’an, they turn on their backs, fleeing in extreme dislike.


The Veil over the Hearts of the Idolators

Allah says to His Messenger Muhammad : `When you recite Qur’an to these idolators, We put an invisible veil between you and them.’ Qatadah and Ibn Zayd said, “It is coverings over their hearts,” as Allah says:

﴿وَقَالُواْ قُلُوبُنَا فِى أَكِنَّةٍ مِمَّا تَدْعُونَا إِلَيْهِ وَفِى ءَاذانِنَا وَقْرٌ وَمِن بَيْنِنَا وَبَيْنِكَ حِجَابٌ﴾

(And they say: “Our hearts are under coverings (screened) from that to which you invite us; and in our ears is deafness, and between us and you is a screen) meaning, there is something that is stopping and preventing your words from reaching us.

﴿حِجَابًا مَّسْتُورًا﴾

(an invisible veil.) meaning something which covers, or that cannot be seen, so there is a barrier between them and guidance. This is the interpretation that Ibn Jarir (may Allah have mercy on him) thought was correct. Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la Al-Mawusili recorded that Asma’ bint Abi Bakr (may Allah be pleased with her) said, “When the Ayah,

﴿تَبَّتْ يَدَآ أَبِى لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ ﴾

(Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!) (111:1) was revealed, the one-eyed woman Umm Jamil ﴿the wife of Abu Lahab﴾ came with a stone pestle in her hand, screaming, `What was sent to us is somebody blameworthy, or, we reject somebody blameworthy ﴿Abu Musa – one of the narrators – said, it is I who am not sure what was said﴾; we shun his religion and disobey whatever he commands!’ The Messenger of Allah was sitting with Abu Bakr by his side. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said, `This woman has come and I am afraid she will see you.’ The Prophet said,

«إِنَّهَا لَنْ تَرَانِي»

(Certainly she will not see me.) and he recited Qur’an through which he was protected from her:

﴿وَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرءَانَ جَعَلْنَا بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ الَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالاٌّخِرَةِ حِجَابًا مَّسْتُورًا ﴾

(And when you recite the Qur’an, We put between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter, an invisible veil). She came and found Abu Bakr, but she did not see the Prophet . She said, `O Abu Bakr, I have heard that your companion is lampooning me.’ Abu Bakr said, `No, by the Lord of this House ﴿the Ka`bah﴾, he is not lampooning you.’ Then she went away, saying, `The Quraysh know that I am the daughter of their master.”’

﴿وَجَعَلْنَا عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً﴾

(And We have put coverings over their hearts,) Akinnah (coverings) is the plural of Kinan, which covers the heart.

﴿أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ﴾

(lest they should understand it,) means, lest they should understand the Qur’an.

﴿وَفِى ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًا﴾

(and in their ears deafness) something that will stop them from hearing the Qur’an in such a way that they will understand it and be guided by it.

﴿وَإِذَا ذَكَرْتَ رَبَّكَ فِى الْقُرْءَانِ وَحْدَهُ﴾

(And when you make mention of your Lord Alone in the Qur’an,) means, when you declare Allah to be One in your recitation, and say La Ilaha Illallah,

﴿وَلَّوْاْ﴾

(they turn) means they turn away

﴿عَلَى أَدْبَـرِهِمْ نُفُوراً﴾

(on their backs, fleeing in extreme dislike.) As Allah says:

﴿وَإِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ اشْمَأَزَّتْ قُلُوبُ الَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالاٌّخِرَةِ﴾

(And when Allah Alone is mentioned, the hearts of those who believe not in the Hereafter are filled with disgust (from the Oneness of Allah).) ﴿39:45﴾ z

﴿وَإِذَا ذَكَرْتَ رَبَّكَ فِى الْقُرْءَانِ﴾

(And when you make mention of your Lord Alone in the Qur’an,) Commenting on this Ayah, Qatadah said that when the Muslims said La Ilaha Illallah, the idolators disliked this and found it intolerable. Iblis and his troops hated it, but Allah insisted on supporting it so that it would prevail over those who opposed it. Whoever uses it against his opponent will prevail, and whoever fights for it will be victorious. Only the Muslims of the Arabian Peninsula, which can be traversed by a rider in a few nights, knew it and accepted it, out of all mankind.

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