Surah Al-Kahf Ayat 97 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 97
So Gog and Magog were unable to pass over it, nor were they able [to effect] in it any penetration.
Thus were they made powerless to scale it or to dig through it.
Such was the rampart that Gog and Magog could not scale, nor could they pierce it.
So they [Ya’juj and Ma’juj (Gog and Magog)] were made powerless to scale it or dig through it.
And (Gog and Magog) were not able to surmount, nor could they pierce (it).
So, in no way were they able to surmount it, and in no way were they able to bore it.
Their enemies could not scale the barrier, nor could they pierce it,
Quran 18 Verse 97 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Kahf ayat 97, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(18:97) Such was the rampart that Gog and Magog could not scale, nor could they pierce it.
There is no commentary by Abul Maududi available for this verse.
97. So they could not scale it or dig through it. 98. He said: “This is a mercy from my Lord, but when the promise of my Lord comes, He shall Dakka’ it down to the ground. And the promise of my Lord is ever true. 99. And on that Day, We shall leave some of them to surge like waves on one another; and the Trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them (the creatures) all together.
Allah tells us that Ya’juj and Ma’juj could not climb over the barrier or penetrate its lower portion. Varying forms of the verb are used here in the Arabic text to reflect the difficulty of the action referred to.
(So they (Ya’juj and Ma’juj) could not scale it or dig through it.) This indicates that they could not penetrate it or dig through it. Imam Ahmad recorded that Zaynab bint Jahsh, the wife of the Prophet said, “The Prophet woke from sleep, and he was red in the face. He said,
(La ilaha illallah! Woe to the Arabs from the evil that has approached (them). Today a hole has been opened in the barrier of Ya’juj and Ma’juj like this.) and he made a circle with his index finger and thumb. I ﴿Zaynab﴾ said, `O Messenger of Allah, will we be destroyed even though there will be righteous people among us’ He said:
(Yes, if evil increases.)” This is a Sahih Hadith, both Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded it.
((Dhul-Qarnayn) said: “This is a mercy from my Lord…”) meaning, after it was built by Dhul-Qarnayn.
(He said: This is a mercy from my Lord) for the people, when he placed a barrier between them and Ya’juj and Ma’juj, to stop them from spreading evil and corruption on earth.
(but when the promise of my Lord comes) means, when the true promise comes
(He shall Dakka’ it down to the ground.) means, will make it flat. The Arabs use Dakka’ to describe a female camel whose back is flat and has no hump. And Allah says:
(So when his Lord appeared to the mountain, He made it Dakkan) ﴿7:143﴾ meaning, level to the ground.
(And the promise of my Lord is ever true.) means, it will come to pass without a doubt.
(We shall leave some of them) meaning mankind, on that day, the day when the barrier will be breached and these people (Ya’juj and Ma’juj) will come out surging over mankind to destroy their wealth and property.
(We shall leave some of them to surge like waves on one another;) As-Suddi said: “That is when they emerge upon the people.” All of this will happen before the Day of Resurrection and after the Dajjal, as we will explain when discussing the Ayat:
(Until, when Ya’juj and Ma’juj are let loose, and they swoop down from every Hadab. And the true promise shall draw near…) ﴿21:96-97﴾
(and As-Sur will be blown.) As-Sur, as explained in the Hadith, is a horn that is blown into. The one who will blow into it is (the angel) Israfil, peace be upon him, as has been explained in the Hadith quoted at length above, and there are many Hadiths on this topic. According to a Hadith narrated from `Atiyah from Ibn `Abbas and Abu Sa`id, and attributed to the Prophet ,
(How can I relax when the one with the Horn has put the Horn in his mouth and has knelt down, listening out for the command to be given to him) They said, “What should we say” He said:
(Say: “Allah is Sufficient for us and the best Disposer of affairs, in Allah have we put our trust.”)
(and We shall collect them (the creatures) all together.) means, `We shall bring them all together for Reckoning.’
(Say: “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times. All will surely be gathered together for appointed meeting of a known Day.) ﴿56:49-50﴾
(and we shall gather them all together so as to leave not one of them behind.) ﴿18:47﴾
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