Surah Mumtahanah Ayat 11 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 11
And if you have lost any of your wives to the disbelievers and you subsequently obtain [something], then give those whose wives have gone the equivalent of what they had spent. And fear Allah, in whom you are believers.
And if any of your wives deserts you to the Unbelievers, and ye have an accession (by the coming over of a woman from the other side), then pay to those whose wives have deserted the equivalent of what they had spent (on their dower). And fear Allah, in Whom ye believe.
And if you fail to receive from the unbelievers a part of the bridal-due of your disbelieving wives, and then your turn comes, pay to those who have been left on the other side an amount the like of the bridal-due that they have paid. And have fear of Allah in Whom you believe.
And if any of your wives have gone from you to the disbelievers, and you have an accession (by the coming over of a woman from the other side), then pay to those whose wives have gone, the equivalent of what they had spent (on their Mahr). And fear Allah in Whom you believe.
And if any of your wives have gone from you unto the disbelievers and afterward ye have your turn (of triumph), then give unto those whose wives have gone the like of that which they have spent, and keep your duty to Allah in Whom ye are believers.
And in case any of your spouses (Literally: anything from your spouses) eludes you (Or: escapes from you) (to go over) to the steadfast disbelievers and then you punish (in retaliation), then bring the ones whose spouses have gone away the like of what they have expended. And be pious to Allah in Whom you are believers.
If any of you have wives who leave you for the disbelievers, and if your community subsequently acquires [gains] from them, then pay those whose wives have deserted them the equivalent of whatever bride-gift they paid. Be mindful of God, in whom you believe.
Quran 60 Verse 11 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Mumtahanah ayat 11, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(60:11) And if you fail to receive from the unbelievers a part of the bridal-due of your disbelieving wives, and then your turn comes, pay to those who have been left on the other side an amount the like of the bridal-due that they have paid. And have fear of Allah in Whom you believe.
17. This thing had two alternatives and the verse applies toboth. First, with the disbelievers with whom the Muslimshad treaty relations, they wanted to settle the matter, thus:We shall return the dowers of the women who haveemigrated to us, and you will return the dowers of thepagan wives of our men who have been left on your side.But the disbelievers did not agree to this. However,according to Imam Zuhri, the Muslims, in obedience to thedivine command became ready to return the dowers of thewomen who were left behind with the pagans in Makkah,but the pagans refused to return the dowers of the womenwho had emigrated to the Muslims in Al-Madinah.Thereupon Allah enjoined that the dowers of the emigrantwomen, which were to be returned to the pagans, should becollected together in Al-Madinah instead of sending these topagans; then from these collections disbursements shouldbe made to those to whom the dowers were due from thepagans according to what was due to them.
The second alternative was that there were several convertsto Islam, who had emigrated to the abode of Islam from theterritories of the disbelievers with whom the Muslims hadno treaty relations, leaving their pagan wives behind.Likewise, some women had also become converts andemigrated, leaving their pagan husbands behind. Aboutthem it was decreed that the matter should be settled in theabode of Islam itself on the bargain basis. That is, when thedowers were not being returned by the disbelievers, nodowers should be returned to them. Instead, the dower ofthe woman who had emigrated to the abode of Islam,should be paid to the person whose wife had been left withthe disbelievers.
But in case the account could not be settled equitably thus,and the amount of the dower due on behalf of thedisbelieving wives of Muslims, who were left in the abode ofdisbelief, exceeded the amount of the dowers of the Muslimwomen who had emigrated, it was enjoined that thedeficiency be made up from the spoils that the Muslimstook in the wars against the disbelievers. Ibn Abbas hasrelated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) wouldcommand that the loss of the person who did not receive hisshare of the dower be made up from the spoils. (Ibn Jarir).This same view has been adopted by Ata, Mujahid, Zuhri,Masruq Ibrahim Nakhai, Qatadah, Muqatil and Dahhak.All these scholars say, that the people whose dowers are leftwith the disbelievers, should be paid these from thecollective spoils taken from the enemy. That is, before thebooty is distributed, the dead dowers of the people shouldbe paid and then the distribution made in which thesepeople too should be given their equal shares along with theother soldiers. Some jurists say that the loss of such peoplecan be made up not only from the spoils but even from thefai properties. But a large section of the scholars does notsubscribe to this view.
The tafsir of Surah As-Saff verse 11 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Saff ayat 11 which provides the complete commentary from verse 11 through 13.
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