Surah Nahl >> Currently viewing Surah Nahl Ayat 51 (16:51)

Surah Nahl Ayat 51 in Arabic Text

وَقَالَ ٱللَّهُ لَا تَتَّخِذُوٓا۟ إِلَـٰهَيْنِ ٱثْنَيْنِ ۖ إِنَّمَا هُوَ إِلَـٰهٌۭ وَٰحِدٌۭ ۖ فَإِيَّـٰىَ فَٱرْهَبُونِ
Wa qaalal laahu laa tatta khizooo ilaahainis naini innamaa Huwa Ilaahunw Waahid; fa iyyaaya farhaboon

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 51

Sahih International
And Allah has said, “Do not take for yourselves two deities. He is but one God, so fear only Me.”

Yusuf Ali
Allah has said: “Take not (for worship) two gods: for He is just One Allah: then fear Me (and Me alone).”

Abul Ala Maududi
Allah has commanded: “Do not take two gods; for He is but One God. So fear Me alone.”

Muhsin Khan
And Allah said (O mankind!): “Take not ilahain (two gods in worship, etc.). Verily, He (Allah) is (the) only One Ilah (God). Then, fear Me (Allah) much [and Me (Alone), i.e. be away from all kinds of sins and evil deeds that Allah has forbidden and do all that Allah has ordained and worship none but Allah].

Pickthall
Allah hath said: Choose not two gods. There is only One Allah. So of Me, Me only, be in awe.

Dr. Ghali
And Allah has said, “Do not take to yourselves two gods. Surely He is only One God; so of Me, Me (only), then, have awe.”

Abdel Haleem
God said, ‘Do not take two gods’- for He is the One God––‘ I alone am the One that you should hold in awe.’

Quran 16 Verse 51 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Nahl ayat 51, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(16:51) Allah has commanded: “Do not take two gods;[43] for He is but One God. So fear Me alone.”


43. Negation of two gods by itself negates the existence of more than two gods.

Ibn-Kathir

51. And Allah said “Do not worship two gods. Indeed, He (Allah) is only One God. Then fear Me Alone. 52. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth and the religion. Will you then fear any other than Allah 53. And whatever of blessings and good things you have, it is from Allah. Then, when harm touches you, unto Him you cry aloud for help. 54. Then, when He has removed the harm from you, behold! some of you associate others in worship with their Lord (Allah). 55. So they are ungrateful for that which We have given them! Then enjoy yourselves but you will soon come to know.


Allah Alone is Deserving of Worship

Allah tells us that there is no god but He, and that no one else should be worshipped except Him, alone, without partners, for He is the Sovereign, Creator, and Lord of all things.

﴿وَلَهُ الدِّينُ وَاصِبًا﴾

(His is the religion Wasiba) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Maymun bin Mahran, As-Suddi, Qatadah and others said that this means forever. It was also reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “It means obligatory.” Mujahid said: “It means purely for Him,” i.e., worship is due to Him Alone, from whoever is in the heavens and on earth. As Allah says:

﴿أَفَغَيْرَ دِينِ اللَّهِ يَبْغُونَ وَلَهُ أَسْلَمَ مَن فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ طَوْعًا وَكَرْهًا وَإِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ ﴾

(Do they seek other than the religion of Allah, while to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him shall they all be returned.) (3:83) This is in accordance with the opinion of Ibn `Abbas and `Ikrimah, which is that this Ayah is merely stating the case. According to the opinion of Mujahid, it is by way of instruction, i.e., it is saying: You had better fear associating partners in worship with Me, and be sincere in your obedience to Me. As Allah says:

﴿أَلاَ لِلَّهِ الدِّينُ الْخَالِصُ﴾

(Surely, the pure religion (sincere devotion) is for Allah only.) (39:3) Then Allah tells us that He is the One Who has the power to benefit and harm, and that the provisions, blessings, good health and help, His servants enjoy are from His bounty and graciousness towards them.

﴿ثُمَّ إِذَا مَسَّكُمُ الضُّرُّ فَإِلَيْهِ تَجْـَرُونَ﴾

(Then, when harm touches you, to Him you cry aloud for help.) meaning because you know that none has the power to remove that harm except for Him, so when you are harmed, you turn to ask Him for help and beg Him for aid. As Allah says:

﴿وَإِذَا مَسَّكُمُ الْضُّرُّ فِى الْبَحْرِ ضَلَّ مَن تَدْعُونَ إِلاَ إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا نَجَّـكُمْ إِلَى الْبَرِّ أَعْرَضْتُمْ وَكَانَ الإِنْسَـنُ كَفُورًا ﴾

(And when harm touches you at sea, those that you call upon vanish, except for Him. But when He brings you safe to land, you turn away. And man is ever ungrateful.)(17:67) Here, Allah tells us:

﴿ثُمَّ إِذَا كَشَفَ الضُّرَّ عَنْكُمْ إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِّنْكُم بِرَبِّهِمْ يُشْرِكُونَ لِيَكْفُرُواْ بِمَآ ءاتَيْنَـهُمْ﴾

(Then, when He has removed the harm from you, behold! some of you associate others in worship with their Lord (Allah). So they are ungrateful for that which We have given them!) (16:54-55) It was said that the Lam here (translated as “So”) is an indicator of sequence, or that it serves an explanatory function, meaning, `We decreed that they would conceal the truth and deny the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon them. He is the One Who bestows blessings and the One Who removes distress.’ Then Allah threatens them, saying:

﴿فَتَمَتَّعُواْ﴾

(Then enjoy yourselves) meaning, do what you like and enjoy what you have for a little while.

﴿فَسَوْفَ تَعْلَمُونَ﴾

(but you will soon come to know.) meaning the consequences of that.

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