Surah Nahl >> Currently viewing Surah Nahl Ayat 98 (16:98)

Surah Nahl Ayat 98 in Arabic Text

فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ ٱلْقُرْءَانَ فَٱسْتَعِذْ بِٱللَّهِ مِنَ ٱلشَّيْطَـٰنِ ٱلرَّجِيمِ
Fa izaa qara tal Quraana fasta’iz billaahi minashh Shai taanir rajeem

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 98

Sahih International
So when you recite the Qur’an, [first] seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the expelled [from His mercy].

Yusuf Ali
When thou dost read the Qur’an, seek Allah’s protection from Satan the rejected one.

Abul Ala Maududi
Whenever you read the Qur’an seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the accursed.

Muhsin Khan
So when you want to recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from Shaitan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).

Pickthall
And when thou recitest the Qur’an, seek refuge in Allah from Satan the outcast.

Dr. Ghali
So when you read the Qur’an, then seek refuge in Allah from the outcast Shaytan (The all-vicious, i.e., the Devil).

Abdel Haleem
[Prophet], when you recite the Quran, seek God’s protection from the outcast, Satan.

Quran 16 Verse 98 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Nahl ayat 98, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(16:98) Whenever you read the Qur’an seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the accursed.[101]


101. This does not mean that one should merely repeat the Arabic words: I seek Allah’s refuge against the accursed Satan. It means that one should have a sincere desire and do his utmost to guard against Satan’s evil suggestions when one is reciting the Holy Quran and should not allow wrong and irrelevant doubts and suspicions to enter his mind. One should try to see everything contained in the Quran in its true light, and refrain from mixing it up with his self invented theories or ideas foreign to the Quran so as to construe its meaning against the will of Allah. Moreover, one should feel that the most sinister and avowed design of Satan is that the reader should not obtain any guidance from the Quran. This is why Satan tries his utmost to delude the reader and pervert him from getting guidance from it, and mislead him into wrong ways of thinking. Therefore, the reader should be fully on his guard against Satan and seek Allah’s refuge for help so that Satan should not be able to deprive him of the benefits froth this source of guidance, for one who fails to get guidance from this source, will never be able to get guidance from anywhere else. Above all, the one who seeks to obtain deviation from this Book is so entangled in deviation that he can never get out of this vicious circle.

The context in which this verse occurs here is to serve as an introduction to the answers to the questions which the mushriks of Makkah were raising against the Quran. They have been warned that they could appreciate the blessing of the Quran only if they would try to see it in its true light by seeking Allah’s protection against Satan’s misleading suggestions, and not by raising objections against it. Otherwise Satan does not let a man understand the Quran and its teachings.

Ibn-Kathir

98. So when you recite the Qur’an, seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan, the outcast. 99. Verily, he has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord. 100. His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Shaytan), and those who join partners with Him (Allah).


The Command to seek Refuge with Allah before reciting the Qur’an

This is a command from Allah to His servants upon the tongue of His Prophet , telling them that when they want to read Qur’an, they should seek refuge with Allah from the cursed Shaytan. The Hadiths mentioned about seeking refuge with Allah (Isti`adhah), were quoted in our discussion at the beginning of this Tafsir, praise be to Allah. The reason for seeking refuge with Allah before reading is that the reader should not get confused or mixed up, and that the Shaytan would not confuse him or stop him from thinking about and pondering over the meaning of what he reads. Hence the majority of scholars said that refuge should be sought with Allah before starting to read.

﴿إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُ سُلْطَانٌ عَلَى الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ ﴾

(Verily, he has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord.) Ath-Thawri said: “He has no power to make them commit a sin they will not repent from.” Others said: it means that he has no argument for them. Others said it is like the Ayah:

﴿إِلاَّ عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ ﴾

(Except Your chosen servants amongst them.) ﴿15:40﴾

﴿إِنَّمَا سُلْطَـنُهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يَتَوَلَّوْنَهُ﴾

(His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Shaytan), ) Mujahid said: “Those who obey him.” Others said, “Those who take him as their protector instead of Allah.”

﴿وَالَّذِينَ هُم بِهِ مُشْرِكُونَ﴾

(and those who join partners with Him.) means, those who associate others in worship with Allah.

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