Surah Nuh >> Currently viewing Surah Nuh Ayat 1 (71:1)

Surah Nuh Ayat 1 in Arabic Text

إِنَّآ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِۦٓ أَنْ أَنذِرْ قَوْمَكَ مِن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِيَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌۭ
Innaaa arsalnaa Noohan ilaa qawmihee an anzir qawmaka min qabli any yaatiyahum ‘azaabun aleem

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 1

Sahih International
Indeed, We sent Noah to his people, [saying], “Warn your people before there comes to them a painful punishment.”

Yusuf Ali
We sent Noah to his People (with the Command): “Do thou warn thy People before there comes to them a grievous Penalty.”

Abul Ala Maududi
We sent Noah to his people (and directed him): “Warn your people before a grievous chastisement comes upon them.”

Muhsin Khan
Verily, We sent Nuh (Noah) to his people (Saying): “Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment.”

Pickthall
Lo! We sent Noah unto his people (saying): Warn thy people ere the painful doom come unto them.

Dr. Ghali
Surely We sent Nû‍h to his people (saying), “Warn your people even before there comes up to them a painful torment.”

Abdel Haleem
We sent Noah to his people: ‘Warn your people, before a painful punishment comes to them.’

Quran 71 Verse 1 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Nuh ayat 1, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(71:1) We sent Noah to his people (and directed him): “Warn your people before a grievous chastisement[1] comes upon them.”


1. “Warn your people”: Warn them that the errors and moral evils that they were involved in would only earn them Allah’s punishment if they did not desist from them, and tell them what way they should adopt in order to ward off that punishment.

Ibn-Kathir

1. Verily, We sent Nuh to his people (saying): “Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment.” 2. He said: “O my people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you,” 3. “That you should worship Allah, and have Taqwa of Him, and obey me,” 4. “He will forgive you of your sins and respite you to an appointed term. Verily, the term of Allah when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but know.”


Nuh’s Invitation to His People

Allah says concerning Nuh that He sent him to his people commanding him to warn them of the punishment of Allah before it befell them. He was to tell them that if they would repent and turn to Allah, then the punishment would be lifted from them. Due to this Allah says,

﴿إِنَّآ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحاً إِلَى قَوْمِهِ أَنْ أَنذِرْ قَوْمَكَ مِن قَبْلِ أَن يَأْتِيَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ – قَالَ يقَوْمِ إِنِّى لَكُمْ نَذِيرٌ مُّبِينٌ ﴾

(“Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment.” He said: “O my people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you.”) meaning, clarity of the warning, making the matter apparent and clear.

﴿أَنِ اعْبُدُواْ اللَّهَ وَاتَّقُوهُ﴾

(That you should worship Allah, and have Taqwa of Him,) meaning, `abandon those things that He has forbidden and avoid that which He has declared to be sinful.’

﴿وَأَطِيعُونِ﴾

(and obey me,) `In that which I command you to do and that which I forbid you from.’

﴿يَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ مِّن ذُنُوبِكُمْ﴾

(He will forgive you of your sins) meaning, `if you do what I command you to do and you believe in what I have been sent with to you, then Allah will forgive you for your sins. ‘

﴿وَيُؤَخِّرْكُمْ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى﴾

(and respite you to an appointed term.) meaning, `He will extend your life span and protect you from the torment that He would have made befall you if you did not stay away from His prohibitions.’ This Ayah is used as proof by those who say that obedience (to Allah), righteousness and maintaining the family ties truly increase the life span of a person. This is like that which has been reported in the Hadith,

«صِلَةُ الرَّحِمِ تَزِيدُ فِي الْعُمُر»

(Maintaining the family ties increases the life span.) Concerning Allah’s statement,

﴿إِنَّ أَجَلَ اللَّهِ إِذَا جَآءَ لاَ يُؤَخَّرُ لَوْ كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ﴾

(Verily, the term of Allah when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but know.) means, hasten to the obedience (of Allah) before the coming of His vengeance. For verily, if He commands that to happen, it cannot be repulsed or prevented. For He is the Great One Who compels everything, and He is the Almighty Whose might all of creation succumbs to.

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