Surah Al-Qasas Ayat 44 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 44
And you, [O Muhammad], were not on the western side [of the mount] when We revealed to Moses the command, and you were not among the witnesses [to that].
Thou wast not on the Western side when We decreed the Commission to Moses, nor wast thou a witness (of those events).
(O Muhammad), you were then not on the western side when We bestowed this commandment (of Law), and you were not among its witnesses.
And you (O Muhammad SAW) were not on the western side (of the Mount), when We made clear to Musa (Moses) the commandment, and you were not among those present.
And thou (Muhammad) wast not on the western side (of the Mount) when We expounded unto Moses the commandment, and thou wast not among those present;
And in no way were you (i.e., Muhammad) beside the western (Mount) as We decreed to Mûsa (Moses) the Command, and in no way were you of the ones witnessing.
You [Muhammad] were not present on the western side of the mountain when We gave Our command to Moses: you were not there-
Quran 28 Verse 44 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-Qasas ayat 44, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(28:44) (O Muhammad), you were then not on the western side when We bestowed this commandment (of Law), and you were not among its witnesses.
60. “Western side”: Mount Sinai, which lies to the west of the Hijaz and on which the Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) was given the Divine Law.
61. “The witnesses”: the seventy of the elders of Israel who had been summoned along with Moses for the covenant to follow the Law. See (Surah Al-Aaraf: Ayat 155).
44. And you were not on the western side (of the Mount), when We made clear to Musa the commandment, and you were not among the witnesses. 45. But We created generations, and long were the ages that passed over them. And you were not a dweller among the people of Madyan, reciting Our Ayat to them. But it is We Who kept sending (Messengers). 46. And you were not at the side of At-Tur when We called. But (you are sent) as a mercy from your Lord, to give warning to a people to whom no warner had come before you, in order that they may remember or receive admonition. 47. And if (We had) not (sent you to the people of Makkah) in case a calamity should seize them for what their hands have sent forth, they would have said: “Our Lord! Why did You not send us a Messenger We would then have followed Your Ayat and would have been among the believers.”
Allah points out the proof of the prophethood of Muhammad , whereby he told others about matters of the past, and spoke about them as if he were hearing and seeing them for himself. But he was an illiterate man who could not read books, and he grew up among a people who knew nothing of such things. Similarly, Allah told him about Maryam and her story, as Allah said:
(You were not with them, when they cast lots with their pens as to which of them should be charged with the care of Maryam; nor were you with them when they disputed) (3:44), meaning, `you were not present then, but Allah has revealed this to you.’ Similarly, Allah told him about Nuh and his people, and how He saved Nuh and drowned his people, then He said:
(This is of the news of the Unseen which We reveal unto you ; neither you nor your people knew it before this. So, be patient. Surely, the (good) end is for those who have Taqwa) (11:49). And at the end of the same Surah (Hud) Allah says:
(That is some of the news of the towns which We relate unto you) (11: 100). And here, after telling the story of Musa from beginning to end and how Allah began His revelation to him and spoke with him, Allah says:
(And you were not on the western side (of the Mount), when We made clear to Musa the commandment,) meaning, `you — O Muhammad — were not on the western side of the mountain where Allah spoke to Musa from the tree which was to the east of it, in the valley.’
(and you were not among the witnesses.) `to that event, but Allah has revealed this to you,’ so that it may be evidence and proof of events which happened centuries ago, for people have forgotten the evidence that Allah established against them and what was revealed to the earlier Prophets.
(And you were not a dweller among the people of Madyan, reciting Our Ayat to them.) meaning, `you were not living among the people of Madyan reciting Our Ayat to them, when you started to tell about Our Prophet Shu`ayb and what he said to his people and how they responded.’
(But it is We Who kept sending. ) means, `but We revealed that to you and sent you to mankind as a Messenger.’
(And you were not at the side of At-Tur when We called.) Qatadah said that:
(And you were not at the side of At-Tur when We did call.) refers to Musa, and this — and Allah knows best — is like the Ayah:
(And you were not on the western side (of the Mount), when We made clear to Musa the commandment,) Here Allah puts it in a different and more specific way by describing it as a call. This is like the Ayat:
(And (remember) when your Lord called Musa) (26:10).
(When his Lord called him in the sacred valley of Tuwa) (79:16).
(And We called him from the right side of At-Tur, and made him draw near to Us for a talk with him) (19:52).
(But (you are sent) as a mercy from your Lord,) means, `you were not a witness to any of those things, but Allah has revealed them to you and told you about them as a mercy from Him to you and to His servants, by sending you to them,’
(to give warning to a people to whom no warner had come before you, in order that they may remember or receive admonition.) means, `so that they may be guided by that which you bring from Allah.’
(And if (We had) not (sent you to the people of Makkah) — in case a calamity should seize them for (the deeds) that their hands have sent forth, they would have said: “Our Lord! Why did You not send us a Messenger) meaning: `and We have sent you to them to establish proof against them, and to give them no excuse when the punishment of Allah comes to them because of their disbelief, lest they offer the excuse that no Messenger or warner came to them.’ This is like what Allah says about the situation after He revealed His blessed Book the Qur’an:
(Lest you should say: “The Book was sent down only to two sects before us, and for our part, we were in fact unaware of what they studied.” Or lest you should say: “If only the Book had been sent down to us, we would surely have been better guided than they.” So, now has come unto you a clear proof from your Lord, and a guidance and a mercy) (6:156-157).
(Messengers as bearers of good news as well as warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the Messengers) (4:165).
(O People of the Scripture! Now has come to you Our Messenger making (things) clear unto you, after a break in (the series of) Messengers, lest you say: “There came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and no warner.” But now has come unto you a bringer of glad tidings and a warner) (5:19). And there are many similar Ayat.
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