Surah Sad >> Currently viewing Surah Sad Ayat 71 (38:71)

Surah Sad Ayat 71 in Arabic Text

إِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلَـٰٓئِكَةِ إِنِّى خَـٰلِقٌۢ بَشَرًۭا مِّن طِينٍۢ
Iz qaala Rabbuka lilmalaaa’ikati innee khaaliqun basharan min teen

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 71

Sahih International
[So mention] when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay.

Yusuf Ali
Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: “I am about to create man from clay:

Abul Ala Maududi
When your Lord said to the angels: “Verily I am creating a human being from clay.

Muhsin Khan
(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Truly, I am going to create man from clay”.

Pickthall
When thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to create a mortal out of mire,

Dr. Ghali
(Remember) as your Lord said to the Angels, “Surely I am creating a mortal of a clay.

Abdel Haleem
Your Lord said to the angels, ‘I will create a man from clay.

Quran 38 Verse 71 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Sad ayat 71, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(38:71) When your Lord said to the angels:[59] “Verily I am creating a human being from clay.[60]


59. This is the explanation of the dispute referred to about, and the dispute implies Satan’s dispute with God, as becomes evident from the verses that follow. In this regard, one should bear in mind the fact that “the exalted” implies the angels, and the dialogue between Allah and Satan was not direct but it took place through some angel. Therefore, no one should have the misunderstanding that Allah also was included among the exalted ones. This story has already been narrated at the following places: (Surah Al- Baqarah, Ayats 30-39); (Surah Al-Aaraf, Ayats 11-25); (Surah Al-Hijr, Ayats 26-44); (Surah Bani Israil, Ayats 61-65); (Surah Al-Kahf, Ayat 50); (Surah TaHa, Ayats 116-126).

60. Lexically, bashar means a gross body whose surface is bare and uncovered by anything else. After the creation of man this word has been used for man himself, but mentioning him by the word bashar before his creation and making him from clay clearly means: I am about to make an image of clay, which will be without any feathers and hair, etc. whose skin will not be covered by wool or hair or feathers like the skin of other animals.

Ibn-Kathir

71. (Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Truly, I am going to create man from clay.” 72. “So, when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.” 73. So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them, 74. Except Iblis, he was proud and was one of the disbelievers. 75. (Allah) said: “O Iblis! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created with Both My Hands. Are you too proud or are you one of the high exalted” 76. ﴿Iblis﴾ said: “I am better than he. You created me from fire, and You created him from clay.” 77. (Allah) said: “Then get out from here; for verily, you are outcast.” 78. “And verily, My curse is on you till the Day of Recompense.” 79. ﴿Iblis﴾ said: “My Lord! Give me then respite till the Day the (dead) are resurrected.” 80. (Allah) said: “Verily, you are of those allowed respite,” 81. “Till the Day of the time appointed.” 82. ﴿Iblis﴾ said: “By Your might, then I will surely mislead them all,” 83. “Except Your true servants amongst them.” 84. (Allah) said: “The truth is — the truth I say – ” 85. “That I will fill Hell with you and those of them (mankind) that follow you, together.”


The Story of Adam and Iblis

Allah mentions this story in Surat Al-Baqarah, at the beginning of Surat Al-A`raf, in Surat Al-Hijr, Al-Isra’, Al-Kahf and here. Before creating Adam, peace be upon him, Allah told the angels that He was going to create a human being from sounding clay of altered smooth black mud. He told them that when He finished creating and forming him, they were to prostrate to him as a sign of honor and respect, and out of obedience to the command of Allah, may He be exalted. All of the angels obeyed this command except for Iblis, who was not one of them. He was one of the Jinn, and his nature betrayed him at his time of greatest need. He refused to prostrate to Adam, and he disputed with his Lord about him, claiming that he was better than Adam, because he was created from fire while Adam was created from clay, and fire was better than clay, or so he said. He made a mistake by doing this, and he went against the command of Allah, thus committing the sin of disbelief. So Allah exiled him, humiliated him, and cast him out of His mercy and His sacred Presence, and called him “Iblis” symbolizing that he had Ablasa min Ar-Rahmah (despaired of mercy) — that there was no hope for him of mercy. He cast him down from the heavens, disgraced and rejected, to the earth. Iblis asked Allah to give him a reprieve until the Day of Resurrection, so the Forbearing One, Who does not hasten to punish those who disobey Him, gave him a reprieve. When he knew that he was safe from destruction until the Day of Resurrection, he rebelled and transgressed.

﴿فَبِعِزَّتِكَ لأغْوِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَإِلاَّ عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ ﴾

(﴿Iblis﴾ said: “By Your might, then I will surely mislead them all, except Your true servants amongst them.”) This is like the Ayat:

﴿أَرَءَيْتَكَ هَـذَا الَّذِى كَرَّمْتَ عَلَىَّ لَئِنْ أَخَّرْتَنِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَـمَةِ لأَحْتَنِكَنَّ ذُرِّيَّتَهُ إَلاَّ قَلِيلاً﴾

(﴿Iblis﴾ said: “See this one whom You have honored above me, if You give me respite until the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring all but a few!”) (17:62). These few are the ones who are excepted in another Ayah, which is:

﴿إِنَّ عِبَادِى لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَـنٌ وَكَفَى بِرَبِّكَ وَكِيلاً ﴾

(Verily, My servants — you have no authority over them. And All-Sufficient is your Lord as a Guardian.) (17:65)

﴿قَالَ فَالْحَقُّ وَالْحَقَّ أَقُولُ ﴾

﴿لاّمْلاّنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنكَ وَمِمَّن تَبِعَكَ مِنْهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ ﴾

((Allah) said: “The truth is — and the truth I say that I will fill Hell with you and those of them (mankind) that follow you, together.”) Some of them, including Mujahid, read this as meaning, “I am the Truth and the truth I say.” According to another report narrated from Mujahid, it means, “The truth is from Me and I speak the truth.” Others, such as As-Suddi, interpreted it as being an oath sworn by Allah. This Ayah is like the Ayat:

﴿وَلَـكِنْ حَقَّ الْقَوْلُ مِنْى لاّمْلأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ﴾

(but the Word from Me took effect, that I will fill Hell with Jinn and mankind together.) (32:13), and

﴿قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَمَن تَبِعَكَ مِنْهُمْ فَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ جَزَآؤُكُمْ جَزَاءً مَّوفُورًا ﴾

((Allah) said: “Go, and whosoever of them follows you, surely, Hell will be the recompense of you (all) – an ample recompense.) (17:63).

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