Surah Saffat >> Currently viewing Surah Saffat Ayat 149 (37:149)

Surah Saffat Ayat 149 in Arabic Text

فَٱسْتَفْتِهِمْ أَلِرَبِّكَ ٱلْبَنَاتُ وَلَهُمُ ٱلْبَنُونَ
Fastaftihim ali Rabbikal banaatu wa lahumul banoon

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 149

Sahih International
So inquire of them, [O Muhammad], “Does your Lord have daughters while they have sons?

Yusuf Ali
Now ask them their opinion: Is it that thy Lord has (only) daughters, and they have sons?-

Abul Ala Maududi
So ask their opinion: “(Are you convinced) that your Lord should have daughters and you should have sons?

Muhsin Khan
Now ask them (O Muhammad SAW): “Are there (only) daughters for your Lord and sons for them?”

Pickthall
Now ask them (O Muhammad): Hath thy Lord daughters whereas they have sons?

Dr. Ghali
So, ask them for a pronouncement, “Has your Lord daughters, and they have sons?

Abdel Haleem
Now [Muhammad], ask the disbelievers: is it true that your Lord has daughters, while they choose sons for themselves?

Quran 37 Verse 149 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Saffat ayat 149, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(37:149) So ask their opinion:[86] “(Are you convinced) that your Lord should have daughters and you should have sons?[87]


86. Another theme starts from here. In the preceding theme that started from verse 11, the Quraish had been put this question: Ask them: what is more difficult: their own creation or of those things that We have created? Now, they are being asked this second question. The object of the first question was to warn the disbelievers of their deviation because of which they regarded life-after-death and the meting out of rewards and punishments as impossible, and therefore, mocked the Prophet (peace be upon him) for it. Now they are being asked this second question to warn them of their ignorance due to which they attributed children to Allah and would join anybody with Allah in any relationship they liked on mere conjecture.

87. Traditions show that in Arabia the tribes of Quraish, Juhainah, Bani Salimah, Khuzaah, Bani Mulaih, etc. held the belief that the angels were Allah’s daughters. This belief of their ignorance has been referred to at several places in the Quran, e.g. in (Surah An-Nisa, Ayat 117); (Surah An- Nahl, Aytas 57-58); (Surah Bani-Israil, Ayat 40); (Surah Az- Zukhruf, Ayats 16, 19); (Surah An-Najm, Ayats 21-27).

Ibn-Kathir

149. Now ask them: “Are there (only) daughters for your Lord and sons for them” 150. Or did We create the angels female while they were witnesses 151. Verily, it is of their falsehood that they say: 152. “Allah has begotten.” And, verily, they are liars! 153. Has He (then) chosen daughters rather than sons 154. What is the matter with you How do you decide 155. Will you not then remember 156. Or is there for you a plain authority 157. Then bring your Book if you are truthful! 158. And they have invented a kinship between Him and the Jinn, but the Jinn know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him). 159. Glorified be Allah! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him! 160. Except the servants of Allah, whom He chooses.


Refutation of Those Who attribute Children to Allah and say that the Angels are His Daughters

Allah denounces those idolators who attribute daughters to Allah — exalted be He above that — and attributed to themselves what they desired, i.e., they wanted male offspring to themselves.

﴿وَإِذَا بُشِّرَ أَحَدُهُمْ بِالاٍّنْثَى ظَلَّ وَجْهُهُ مُسْوَدًّا وَهُوَ كَظِيمٌ ﴾

(And when the news of (the birth of) a female (child) is brought to any of them, his face becomes dark, and he is filled with inward grief!) (16:58), i.e., that upsets him, and he would only choose sons for himself. Allah says: `Then how can they attribute to Allah the share that they would not choose for themselves’ Allah says:

﴿فَاسْتَفْتِهِمْ﴾

(Now ask them) means, quiz them by way of denunciation,

﴿أَلِرَبِّكَ الْبَنَاتُ وَلَهُمُ الْبَنُونَ﴾

(Are there (only) daughters for your Lord and sons for them) This is like the Ayah:

﴿أَلَكُمُ الذَّكَرُ وَلَهُ الاٍّنثَى – تِلْكَ إِذاً قِسْمَةٌ ضِيزَى ﴾

(Is it for you the males and for Him the females That indeed is a division most unfair!) (53:21-22).

﴿أَمْ خَلَقْنَا الْمَلَـئِكَةَ إِنَـثاً وَهُمْ شَـهِدُونَ ﴾

(Or did We create the angels female while they were witnesses) means, how did they decide that the angels are female when they did not witness their creation This is like the Ayah:

﴿وَجَعَلُواْ الْمَلَـئِكَةَ الَّذِينَ هُمْ عِبَادُ الرَّحْمَـنِ إِنَـثاً أَشَهِدُواْ خَلْقَهُمْ سَتُكْتَبُ شَهَـدَتُهُمْ وَيُسْـَلُونَ ﴾

(And they make the angels females who themselves are servants of the Most Gracious. Did they witness their creation Their testimony will be recorded, and they will be questioned!) (43:19), which means, they will be questioned about that on the Day of Resurrection.

﴿أَلاَ إِنَّهُم مِّنْ إِفْكِهِمْ﴾

(Verily, it is of their falsehood) means, it is a part of the lies they tell.

﴿لَيَقُولُونَوَلَدَ اللَّهُ﴾

(that they say: “Allah has begotten.”) meaning, that offspring have been born to Him.

﴿وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَـذِبُونَ﴾

(And verily, they are liars!) Allah mentions three of the things they said about the angels, which formed the utmost disbelief and falsehood. They said that they were the daughters of Allah and that Allah had offspring — exalted and sanctified be He above that. Then they made these offspring female, then they worshipped them instead of Allah, exalted and sanctified be He — any of which on its own would be sufficient to condemn them to spend eternity in Hell. Then Allah says, denouncing them:

﴿أَصْطَفَى الْبَنَاتِ عَلَى الْبَنِينَ ﴾

(Has He (then) chosen daughters rather than sons) meaning, what would make Him choose daughters rather than sons This is like the Ayah,

﴿أَفَأَصْفَـكُمْ رَبُّكُم بِالْبَنِينَ وَاتَّخَذَ مِنَ الْمَلَـئِكَةِ إِنَاثًا إِنَّكُمْ لَتَقُولُونَ قَوْلاً عَظِيمًا ﴾

(Has then your Lord preferred for you sons, and taken for Himself from among the angels daughters Verily, you indeed utter an awful saying.) (17:40) Allah says:

﴿مَا لَكُمْ كَيْفَ تَحْكُمُونَ ﴾

(What is the matter with you How do you decide) meaning, `what kind of reasoning makes you say that’

﴿أَفَلاَ تَذَكَّرُونَ – أَمْ لَكُمْ سُلْطَـنٌ مُّبِينٌ ﴾

(Will you not then remember Or is there for you a plain authority) means, `evidence to prove what you say.’

﴿فَأْتُواْ بِكِتَـبِكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ صَـدِقِينَ ﴾

(Then bring your Book if you are truthful!) means, `produce evidence for that derived from a Book revealed from heaven by Allah, to prove that He has taken what you say (i.e., offspring). What you say is totally irrational.’

﴿وَجَعَلُواْ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْجِنَّةِ نَسَباً﴾

(And they have invented a kinship between Him and the Jinn,) Mujahid said, “The idolators said that the angels were the daughters of Allah. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said, `Then who are their mothers’ They said, `The daughters of the leaders of the Jinn.”’ Qatadah and Ibn Zayd also said this. Allah — may He be blessed and exalted — says:

﴿وَلَقَدْ عَلِمَتِ الجِنَّةُ﴾

(but the jinn know) meaning, those to whom this is attributed

﴿إِنَّهُمْ لَمُحْضَرُونَ﴾

(know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him).) means, that those who say that will be brought forth for punishment on the Day of Reckoning, because of the lies and falsehood that they uttered without knowledge.

﴿سُبْحَـنَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ ﴾

(Glorified be Allah! (He is free) from what they attribute unto Him!) means, exalted, sanctified and glorified be He far above having any offspring and far above what the wrongdoers and heretics attribute to Him.

﴿إِلاَّ عِبَادَ اللَّهِ الْمُخْلَصِينَ ﴾

(Except the servants of Allah, whom He chooses.) The pronoun in the verb translated as “they attribute” refers to all of mankind, then He excludes those whom He chooses, who are the ones who follow the truth revealed to every Prophet who was sent.

﴿فَإِنَّكُمْ وَمَا تَعْبُدُونَ – مَآ أَنتُمْ عَلَيْهِ بِفَـتِنِينَ – إِلاَّ مَنْ هُوَ صَالِ الْجَحِيمِ – وَمَا مِنَّآ إِلاَّ لَهُ مَقَامٌ مَّعْلُومٌ – وَإِنَّا لَنَحْنُ الصَّآفُّونَ – وَإِنَّا لَنَحْنُ الْمُسَبِّحُونَ – وَإِن كَانُواْ لَيَقُولُونَ – لَوْ أَنَّ عِندَنَا ذِكْراً مِّنَ الاٌّوَّلِينَ ﴾

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