Surah Tur Ayat 1 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 1
By the mount
By the Mount (of Revelation);
By the Mount,
By the Mount;
By the Mount,
And (by) At- Tûr, (The Mount)
By the mountain,
Quran 52 Verse 1 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Tur ayat 1, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(52:1) By the Mount,
1. Toor means a mountain, and at-Toor the particular mountain on which Allah had blessed the Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) with the Prophethood.
1. By the Tur 2. And the Book inscribed 3. In parchment unrolled. 4. And by Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. 5. And the roof raised high. 6. And by the sea that is Masjur. 7. Verily, the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass. 8. There is none that can avert it. 9. On the Day when Tamur the heaven Mawr, 10. And Tasir the mountains Sayr. 11. Then woe that Day to those who denied. 12. Those who were, in their falsehood, playing. 13. The Day when they will be pushed down by force to the fire of Hell, with a horrible, forceful pushing. 14. This is the Fire which you used to deny. 15. Is this magic or do you not see 16. Enter therein and whether you are patient of it or impatient of it, it is all the same. You are only being requited for what you used to do.
Allah swears by His creation, a testimony to His great ability, that His torment will surely befall His enemies; they will have no way of escaping it. At-Tur is the mount that has trees, similar to the mount where Allah spoke to Musa, while Musa was on it, and the mount on which Allah started the prophethood of `Isa. A mount that does not have trees is called Jabal, not Tur. Allah said,
(And by the Book inscribed), it is said that it means Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz, (the Preserved Table). It is also said that is refers to the divinely revealed inscribed Books that people recite, and this is why Allah said,
(In parchment unrolled. And by Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur.) In the Two Sahihs it is confirmed that the Messenger of Allah said in the Hadith about Al-Isra’, after ascending to the seventh heaven:
(Then, I was taken to Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. It is visited every day by seventy thousand angels who will not come back to visit it again.) The angels worship Allah in Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur and perform Tawaf around it just as the people of the earth perform Tawaf around the Ka`bah. Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is the Ka`bah of those who reside in the seventh heaven. During the Isra’ journey, the Prophet saw Ibrahim Al-Khalil, who was reclining with his back on Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. It was Ibrahim who built the Ka`bah on earth, and surely, the reward is compatible with the action. Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is parallel to the Ka`bah; every heaven has its own house of worship, which is also the direction of prayer for its residents. The house that is located in the lower heaven, is called Bayt Al-`Izzah. And Allah knows best. The statement of Allah the Exalted,
(And by the roof raised high.) Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Shu`bah, and Abu Al-Ahwas, all narrated from Simak, from Khalid bin `Ar`arah, from `Ali bin Abi Talib:
(And by the roof raised high) “Meaning the heaven.” Sufyan added, “Then `Ali recited,
(And We have made the heaven a roof, safe and well-guarded. Yet they turn away from its signs.)(21:32)” Similar was said by Mujahid, Qatadah, As-Suddi, Ibn Jurayj, Ibn Zayd and preferred by Ibn Jarir. The statement of Allah the Exalted,
(And by the sea that is Masjur.) The majority say it refers to the oceans of the earth. Masjur, means, the sea will be kindled with fire on the Day of Resurrection just as Allah said in another Ayah,
(And when the seas become as blazing fire.)(81:6) i.e., it will be kindled with fire and become a raging fire that surrounds the people in the gathering area, this was reported by Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib from `Ali bin Abi Talib. It was also reported from Ibn `Abbas, and it is the view of Sa`id bin Jubayr, Mujahid, `Abdullah bin `Ubayd bin `Umayr and others. Qatadah said, “Masjur is the `filled sea.”’ Ibn Jarir preferred this explanation saying, “The sea is not lit with fire now, so it is filled.” Allah’s statement;
(Verily, the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass.) contains the subject of the vow, indicating that His torment will surely strike the disbelievers, as Allah stated in another Ayah;
(There is none that can avert it.) indicating that when Allah decides to send the torment upon them, none can prevent it or stop it from striking them. Al-Hafiz Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Ad-Dunya recorded that Ja`far bin Zayd Al-`Abdi said, “One night, in Al-Madinah, `Umar went out investigating the welfare of Muslims and passed by the house of a man who was standing in voluntary prayer. `Umar stood quietly, listening to his recitation; the man was reciting,
(By At-Tur), until he reached the Ayah,
(Verily, the torment of your Lord will surely come to pass. There is none that can avert it.) `Umar said, `By the Lord of the Ka`bah, this is a true vow.’ `Umar dismounted his donkey and sat next to a wall for a while. He then went back to his house and fell ill for a month. During his illness, the people would visit him, not knowing what caused his illness.” May Allah be pleased with `Umar.
(On the Day when Tamur the heaven Mawr) Ibn `Abbas and Qatadah said: “Shaking violently.” Also from Ibn `Abbas, “Split.” Mujahid said: “Spin violently.” Ad-Dahhak commented on the Ayah, saying, “The earth will violently spin and move by the command of Allah, and its areas will violently move towards each other.” This was preferred by Ibn Jarir, because of the meaning of the word, Mawra, which denotes meanings of spinning and shaking. Allah said,
(And Tasir the mountains will Sayr.) will fade away and become scattered particles of dust blown away by the wind,
(Then woe that Day to those who denied), woe to them that Day as a result of Allah’s torment, punishment and affliction that He will direct at them,
(Those who were in their falsehood, playing.) meaning, they live in this life in falsehood and make the religion the subject of their mockery and jest,
(The Day when they will be pushed down by force) meaning, they will be violently driven and shoved,
(to the fire of Hell, with a horrible, forceful pushing.) Mujahid, Ash-Sha`bi, Muhammad bin Ka`b, Ad-Dahhak, As-Suddi and Ath-Thawri said that this Ayah means, “They will be violently shoved into the Fire.” Allah said,
(This is the Fire, which you used to deny.) meaning, the angels of punishment will say these words to them, while admonishing and chastising them,
(Is this magic or do you not see Enter therein) meaning, enter the Fire, `which will encircle you from every direction,’
(and whether you are patient of it or impatient of it, it is all the same.) `whether you endure its torment and afflictions or not, you will never avert it or be saved from it,’
(You are only being requited for what you used to do.) and surely, Allah is never unjust with anyone. Most certainly, Allah recompenses each according to their deeds.
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