Surah Yunus >> Currently viewing Surah Yunus Ayat 21 (10:21)

Surah Yunus Ayat 21 in Arabic Text

هُوَ ٱلَّذِى يُسَيِّرُكُمْ فِى ٱلْبَرِّ وَٱلْبَحْرِ ۖ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا كُنتُمْ فِى ٱلْفُلْكِ وَجَرَيْنَ بِهِم بِرِيحٍۢ طَيِّبَةٍۢ وَفَرِحُوا۟ بِهَا جَآءَتْهَا رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌۭ وَجَآءَهُمُ ٱلْمَوْجُ مِن كُلِّ مَكَانٍۢ وَظَنُّوٓا۟ أَنَّهُمْ أُحِيطَ بِهِمْ ۙ دَعَوُا۟ ٱللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ لَئِنْ أَنجَيْتَنَا مِنْ هَـٰذِهِۦ لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلشَّـٰكِرِينَ
Wa izaaa azaqnan naasa rahmatan min ba’di darraaa’a massat hum izaa lahum makrun feee aayaatinaa; qulil laahu asra’u makraa; inna rusulanaa yaktuboona maa tamkuroon

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 21

Sahih International
And when We give the people a taste of mercy after adversity has touched them, at once they conspire against Our verses. Say, “Allah is swifter in strategy.” Indeed, Our messengers record that which you conspire

Yusuf Ali
When We make mankind taste of some mercy after adversity hath touched them, behold! they take to plotting against Our Signs! Say: “Swifter to plan is Allah!” Verily, Our messengers record all the plots that ye make!

Abul Ala Maududi
No sooner than We bestow mercy on a people after hardship has hit them than they begin to scheme against Our signs. Tell them: ‘Allah is swifter in scheming. Our angels are recording all your intriguing.

Muhsin Khan
And when We let mankind taste of mercy after some adversity has afflicted them, behold! They take to plotting against Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)! Say: “Allah is more Swift in planning!” Certainly, Our Messengers (angels) record all of that which you plot.

Pickthall
And when We cause mankind to taste of mercy after some adversity which had afflicted them, behold! they have some plot against Our revelations. Say: Allah is more swift in plotting. Lo! Our messengers write down that which ye plot.

Dr. Ghali
And when We cause mankind to taste mercy even after tribulation has touched them, only then do they have a scheming against Our signs; Say, ” Allah is swifter at scheming; surely Our Messengers are writing down whatever you are scheming.”

Abdel Haleem
No sooner do We let people taste some mercy after some hardship has afflicted them, than they begin to scheme against Our revelations. Say, ‘God schemes even faster.’ Our messengersrecord all your scheming.

Quran 10 Verse 21 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Yunus ayat 21, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(10:21) No sooner than We bestow mercy on a people after hardship has hit them than they begin to scheme against Our signs.[29] Tell them: ‘Allah is swifter in scheming. Our angels are recording all your intriguing.[30]


29. They practiced deceptions regarding the sign of the famine that had been inflicted on them (Ayats 11, 12). This verse alludes to the same, as if to say, “How dare you demand a sign again, whereas recently the sign of the famine has been shown to you? At that time you invoked the help of your deities but in vain, though you had set them up as intercessors with Allah and believed that offerings to their shrines would prove very effective in removing the famine. But you yourselves learned by the first hand experience that those so called gods possessed no power at all. Therefore when you were convinced that all power belongs to Allah alone, you turned to Him and began to invoke His help. This experience ought to have convinced you of the truth of the Message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) for this was the very fundamental thing which he was teaching. Instead of learning a lesson from this sign, you began to practice deceptions to explain it away, as soon as the famine was over and there had come the blessed rainfall. You invented many explanations (deceptions) concerning the causes of the famine and its subsequent end in order to escape from the doctrine of Tauhid and stick to your shirk. The verse is meant to declare that no sign would convince such people as those who had not benefited from the great sign of the famine. Therefore there was no use of showing any sign to them.

30. “Allah is more swift in plotting” means this: If you practice deceptions in order to explain away the sign of the famine so that you might find excuses to evade the implications of its acceptance in order to continue your rebellious attitudes. Allah is more swift in carrying out His plans to outdo your deceptive methods. He will leave you free to move in your wrong ways. He will even bestow upon you the worldly prosperity, which will so delude you that you will forget that you were being closely watched. And you will commit evil deeds with apparent immunity and enjoy yourselves to your heart’s content. But His angels will go on keeping a full and complete record of your deeds, which will be presented for your prosecution after your death.

Ibn-Kathir

21. And when We let mankind taste mercy after some adversity has afflicted them, behold! They take to plotting against Our Ayat! Say: “Allah is more swift in planning!” Certainly, Our messengers (angels) record all of that which you plot. 22. He it is Who enables you to travel through land and sea, till when you are in the ships, and they sail with them with a favorable wind, and they are glad therein, then comes a stormy wind and the waves come to them from all sides, and they think that they are encircled therein. Then they invoke Allah, making their faith pure for Him (alone), (saying): “If You (Allah) deliver us from this, we shall truly, be of the grateful.” 23. But when He delivers them, behold! They rebel (disobey Allah) in the earth wrongfully. O mankind! Your rebellion is only against yourselves, — a brief enjoyment of this worldly life, then (in the end) unto Us is your return, and We shall inform you of that which you used to do.


Man changes when He receives Mercy after Times of Distress

Allah tells us that when He makes men feel His mercy after being afflicted with distress,

﴿إِذَا لَهُمْ مَّكْرٌ فِى ءايَـتِنَا﴾

(They take to plotting against Our Ayat.) The coming of mercy after distress is like the coming of ease after hardship, fertility after aridity, and rain after drought. Mujahid said that man’s attitude indicates a mockery and belying of blessings. The meaning here is similar to Allah’s statement:

﴿وَإِذَا مَسَّ الإِنسَـنَ الضُّرُّ دَعَانَا لِجَنبِهِ أَوْ قَاعِدًا أَوْ قَآئِمًا﴾

(And when harm touches man, he invokes Us, lying on his side, or sitting or standing.)(10:12) Al-Bukhari recorded that Allah’s Messenger led the Subh (Dawn) prayer after it had rained during the night, then he said:

«هَلْ تَدْرُونَ مَاذَا قَالَ رَبُّكُمُ اللَّيْلَةَ؟»

(Do you know what your Lord has said last night) They replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said:

«قَالَ: أَصْبَحَ مِنْ عِبَادِي مُؤْمِنٌ بِي وَكَافِرٌ، فَأَمَّا مَنْ قَالَ: مُطِرْنَا بِفَضْلِ اللهِ وَرَحْمَتِهِ فَذَاكَ مُؤْمِنٌ بِي كَافِرٌ بِالْكَوْكَبِ، وَأَمَّا مَنْ قَالَ: مُطِرْنَا بِنَوْءِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَذَاكَ كَافِرٌ بِي مُؤْمِنٌ بِالْكَوْكَب»

(Allah said; “This morning, some of My servants have become believers and some disbelievers in Me. He who said: `We have had this rainfall due to the grace and mercy of Allah’ is a believer in Me and a disbeliever in the stars. And he who said `we have had this rainfall due to the rising of such and such star’ is a disbeliever in Me and a believer in the stars.) The Ayah:

﴿قُلِ اللَّهُ أَسْرَعُ مَكْرًا﴾

(Say: “Allah is more swift in planning!”) means that Allah is more capable of gradually seizing them with punishment, while granting them concession of a delay until the criminals think that they would not be punished. But in reality they are in periods of respite, then they will be taken suddenly. The noble writers (meaning the angels who write the deeds) will write everything that they do and keep count of their deeds. Then they will present it before the All-Knowing of the seen and unseen worlds. The Lord will then reward them for the significant deeds and even the seemingly insignificant that may be as tiny as a spot on a date pit. Allah further states:

﴿هُوَ الَّذِى يُسَيِّرُكُمْ فِى الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ﴾

(He it is Who enables you to travel through land and sea…) which means that He preserves you and maintains you with His care and watching.

﴿حَتّى إِذَا كُنتُمْ فِى الْفُلْكِ وَجَرَيْنَ بِهِم بِرِيحٍ طَيِّبَةٍ وَفَرِحُواْ بِهَا﴾

(Till when you are in the ships, and they sail with them with a favorable wind, and they are glad therein…) meaning smoothly and calmly;

﴿جَآءَتْهَا﴾

(then comes (these ships))

﴿رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ﴾

(a stormy wind)

﴿وَجَآءَهُمُ الْمَوْجُ مِن كُلِّ مَكَانٍ﴾

o(and the waves come to them from all sides, )

﴿وَظَنُّواْ أَنَّهُمْ أُحِيطَ بِهِمْ﴾

(and they think that they are encircled therein) meaning that are going to be destroyed.

﴿دَعَوُاْ اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ﴾

(Then they invoke Allah, making their faith pure for Him (alone)) meaning that in this situation they would not invoke an idol or statue besides Allah. They would single Him out alone for their supplications and prayers. This is similar to Allah’s statement:

﴿وَإِذَا مَسَّكُمُ الْضُّرُّ فِى الْبَحْرِ ضَلَّ مَن تَدْعُونَ إِلاَ إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا نَجَّـكُمْ إِلَى الْبَرِّ أَعْرَضْتُمْ وَكَانَ الإِنْسَـنُ كَفُورًا ﴾

(And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon vanish from you except Him (Allah alone). But when He brings you safe to land, you turn away (from Him). And man is ever ungrateful.) ﴿17:67﴾ And in this Surah, He says:

﴿دَعَوُاْ اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ لَئِنْ أَنْجَيْتَنَا مِنْ هَـذِهِ﴾

(They invoke Allah, making their faith pure for Him (saying): “If You (Allah) deliver us from this (situation).”)

﴿لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الشَّـكِرِينَ﴾

(“We shall truly, be of the grateful.”) This means that we will not ascribe others as partners with You. We will later worship You alone as we are praying to You here and now. Allah states;

﴿فَلَمَّآ أَنجَاهُمْ﴾

(But when He delivers them) from that distress,

﴿إِذَا هُمْ يَبْغُونَ فِى الاٌّرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ﴾

(behold! They rebel (disobey Allah) in the earth wrongfully…) meaning: they returned as if they had never experienced any difficulties and had never promised Him anything. So Allah said:

﴿كَأَن لَّمْ يَدْعُنَآ إِلَى ضُرٍّ مَّسَّهُ﴾

(He passes on as if he had never invoked Us for a harm that touched him!)﴿10:12﴾ Allah then said:

﴿يأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّمَا بَغْيُكُمْ عَلَى أَنفُسِكُمْ﴾

(O mankind! Your rebellion (disobedience to Allah) is only against yourselves,) it is you yourselves that will taste the evil consequence of this transgression. You will not harm anyone else with it, as comes in the Hadith,

«مَا مِنْ ذَنْبٍ أَجْدَرَ أَنْ يُعَجِّلَ اللهُ عُقُوبَتَهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعَ مَا يَدَّخِرُ اللهُ لِصَاحِبِهِ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْبَغْيِ وَقَطِيعَةِ الرَّحِم»

(There is no sin that is more worthy that Allah hasten punishment for in this world — on top of the punishment that Allah has in store for it in the Hereafter — than oppression and cutting the ties of the womb.) Allah’s statement:

﴿مَّتَاعَ الْحَيَوةِ الدُّنْيَا﴾

(a brief enjoyment of this worldly life…) means that you only have a short enjoyment in this low and abased worldly life.

﴿ثُمَّ إِلَينَا مَرْجِعُكُمْ﴾

(then (in the end) unto Us is your return…) meaning your goal and final destination.

﴿فَنُنَبِّئُكُمْ﴾

(and We shall inform you) of all your deeds. Then we shall recompense you for them. So let him who finds good (in his record) praise Allah, and let him who finds other than that blame no one but himself.

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