Surah Yunus >> Currently viewing Surah Yunus Ayat 88 (10:88)

Surah Yunus Ayat 88 in Arabic Text

قَالَ قَدْ أُجِيبَت دَّعْوَتُكُمَا فَٱسْتَقِيمَا وَلَا تَتَّبِعَآنِّ سَبِيلَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
Wa qaala Moosaa Rabbanaaa innaka aataita Fir’awna wa mala ahoo zeenatanw wa amwaalan fil hayaatid dunyaa Rabbanaa liyudillo ‘ansabeelika Rabbanat mis ‘alaaa amwaalihim washdud ‘alaa quloobihim falaa yu’minoo hatta yarawul ‘azaabal aleem

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 88

Sahih International
And Moses said, “Our Lord, indeed You have given Pharaoh and his establishment splendor and wealth in the worldly life, our Lord, that they may lead [men] astray from Your way. Our Lord, obliterate their wealth and harden their hearts so that they will not believe until they see the painful punishment.”

Yusuf Ali
Moses prayed: “Our Lord! Thou hast indeed bestowed on Pharaoh and his chiefs splendour and wealth in the life of the present, and so, Our Lord, they mislead (men) from Thy Path. Deface, our Lord, the features of their wealth, and send hardness to their hearts, so they will not believe until they see the grievous penalty.”

Abul Ala Maududi
Moses prayed: ‘Our Lord! You bestowed upon Pharaoh and his nobles splendour and riches in the world. Our Lord! Have You done this that they may lead people astray from Your path? Our Lord! Obliterate their riches and harden their hearts that they may not believe until they observe the painful chastisement.

Muhsin Khan
And Musa (Moses) said: “Our Lord! You have indeed bestowed on Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and his chiefs splendour and wealth in the life of this world, our Lord! That they may lead men astray from Your Path. Our Lord! Destroy their wealth, and harden their hearts, so that they will not believe until they see the painful torment.”

Pickthall
And Moses said: Our Lord! Lo! Thou hast given Pharaoh and his chiefs splendour and riches in the life of the world, Our Lord! that they may lead men astray from Thy way. Our Lord! Destroy their riches and harden their hearts so that they believe not till they see the painful doom.

Dr. Ghali
And M‍ûsa said, “Our Lord, surely You have brought Firaawn and his chiefs adornment and riches in the present life, (Literally: the lowly life, i.e., the life of this world) Our Lord, that they may make (people) err away from Your way. Our Lord, obliterate their riches, and strictly harden their hearts so that they do not believe till they see the painful torment.”.

Abdel Haleem
And Moses said, ‘Our Lord, You have given Pharaoh and his chiefs splendour and wealth in this present life and here they are, Lord, leading others astray from Your path. Our Lord, obliterate their wealth and harden their hearts so that they do not believe until they see the agonizing torment.’

Quran 10 Verse 88 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Yunus ayat 88, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(10:88) Moses prayed:[86] ‘Our Lord! You bestowed upon Pharaoh and his nobles splendour[87] and riches[88] in the world. Our Lord! Have You done this that they may lead people astray from Your path? Our Lord! Obliterate their riches and harden their hearts that they may not believe until they observe the painful chastisement.[89]


86. This prayer was offered by Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) during the last period of his stay in Egypt. There was a long interval between this and the events mentioned in the preceding verse which happened during the early days of his mission. The details of this intervening period are available at other places in the Quran.

87. The Arabic word zeenat includes the magnificence, grandeur, glory and the apparent brilliance of their culture and civilization which attracted other people towards them with the desire of imitating them.

88. “Wealth”, possessions, resources and means which help the people like Pharaoh to put into practice all their devices and plans, and the lack of which prevents the standard bearers of the truth from carrying out their plans.

89. As it has already been stated, Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) made this prayer during the last period of his stay in Egypt. When he had shown many signs, one after the other, to Pharaoh and his chiefs and pointed out the way clearly to them, but they had persisted obdurately in their antagonism to the truth. The Prophet begged his Lord to destroy their possessions and harden their hearts. And this was in accordance with the decree of Allah. As they had merited this punishment according to the divine law of retribution, Allah decreed that they should not get the light of faith, which they themselves had extinguished with their persistent disbelief.

Ibn-Kathir

88. And Musa said: “Our Lord! You have indeed bestowed on Fir`awn and his chiefs splendor and wealth in the life of this world, our Lord! That they may lead men astray from Your path. Our Lord! Destroy their wealth, and harden their hearts, so that they will not believe until they see the painful torment.” 89. Allah said: “Verily, the invocation of you both is accepted. So you both keep to the straight way, and follow not the path of those who know not.”


Musa supplicated against Fir`awn and His Chiefs

Allah mentioned what Musa said when he prayed against Fir`awn and his chiefs after they refused to accept the truth. They continued to go astray and be haughty and arrogant. Musa said:

﴿رَبَّنَآ إِنَّكَ ءاتَيْتَ فِرْعَوْنَ وَمَلاّهُ زِينَةً﴾

(Our Lord! You have indeed bestowed on Fir`awn and his chiefs splendor) and pleasure of this worldly life.

﴿وَأَمْوَالاً﴾

(and wealth) plentiful and abundant. Allah’s statement,

﴿فِى الْحَيَوةِ الدُّنْيَا رَبَّنَا لِيُضِلُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِكَ﴾

(in the life of this world, Our Lord! That they may lead men astray from Your path.) was read with the word “Liyadillu” and “Liyudillu.” The first is with a Fathah over the Ya, meaning that “You have given them that while You know they would not believe in what You have sent me with to them. You did that so they would gradually be drawn away from the truth.” As Allah said:

﴿لِنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ﴾

(that We may test them thereby.)(20:131) and (72:17). Others read the word with a Dammah over the Ya. (i.e. Liyudillu) This makes the Ayah mean: You have given them that so whoever You willed from among Your creatures will be tried. Those whom You wish to misguide would think that You have given them that because You loved them and You cared about them.”

﴿رَبَّنَا اطْمِسْ عَلَى أَمْوَلِهِمْ﴾

(“Our Lord! Destroy their wealth,”) Ibn `Abbas and Mujahid said: “They asked Allah to destroy their wealth.” Ad-Dahhak, Abu Al-`Aliyah and Ar-Rabi`a bin Anas said: “Allah made their wealth into engraved stones as it was before.” About Allah’s statement,

﴿وَاشْدُدْ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ﴾

(and harden their hearts) Ibn `Abbas said, “Harden their hearts means put a seal on them.”

﴿فَلاَ يُؤْمِنُواْ حَتَّى يَرَوُاْ الْعَذَابَ الاٌّلِيمَ﴾

(so that they will not believe until they see the painful torment.) This prayer was from Musa because he was angry for the sake of Allah and His religion. He prayed against Fir`awn and his chiefs when he was certain that there was no good in them. Similarly, Nuh prayed and said:

﴿وَقَالَ نُوحٌ رَّبِّ لاَ تَذَرْ عَلَى الاٌّرْضِ مِنَ الْكَـفِرِينَ دَيَّاراً – إِنَّكَ إِن تَذَرْهُمْ يُضِلُّواْ عِبَادَكَ وَلاَ يَلِدُواْ إِلاَّ فَاجِراً كَفَّاراً ﴾

(My Lord! Leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth! If You leave them, they will mislead Your servants, and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers.) (71:26-27) Harun said “Amin” to his brother’s prayer. And Allah answered Musa’s prayer. Allah said:

﴿قَدْ أُجِيبَتْ دَّعْوَتُكُمَا﴾

(Verily, the invocation of you both is accepted.) `in destroying Fir`awn’s people.

﴿قَدْ أُجِيبَتْ دَّعْوَتُكُمَا فَاسْتَقِيمَا﴾

(Verily I have answered your prayers (both of you). So you both keep to the straight way) So as I have answered your prayer, you should remain steadfast on My command.’ Ibn Jurayj narrated that Ibn `Abbas said about this Ayah: “Be steadfast and follow My command.”

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