Surah Yusuf Ayat 30 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 30
And women in the city said, “The wife of al-‘Azeez is seeking to seduce her slave boy; he has impassioned her with love. Indeed, we see her [to be] in clear error.”
Ladies said in the City: “The wife of the (great) ‘Aziz is seeking to seduce her slave from his (true) self: Truly hath he inspired her with violent love: we see she is evidently going astray.”
And some ladies in the city began to say: “The chief’s wife, violently in love with her houseboy, is out to tempt him. We think she is clearly mistaken.”
And women in the city said: “The wife of Al-‘Aziz is seeking to seduce her (slave) young man, indeed she loves him violently; verily we see her in plain error.”
And women in the city said: The ruler’s wife is asking of her slave-boy an ill-deed. Indeed he has smitten her to the heart with love. We behold her in plain aberration.
And (some) women folk in the city said, “The wife of the governor (Literally: the ever-mighty Al-Azîz) is soliciting her page; (Literally: seeking to win his self ) he has already smitten (her heart) with love; (Literally: affected her pericardium, i.e., infatuated her) surely we indeed see her in evident error.”
Some women of the city said, ‘The governor’s wife is trying to seduce her slave! Love for him consumes her heart! It is clear to us that she has gone astray.’
Quran 12 Verse 30 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Yusuf ayat 30, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(12:30) And some ladies in the city began to say: “The chief’s wife, violently in love with her houseboy, is out to tempt him. We think she is clearly mistaken.”
There is no commentary by Abul Maududi available for this verse.
30. And women in the city said: “The wife of the `Aziz is seeking to seduce her (slave) young man, indeed she loves him violently; verily, we see her in plain error.” 31. So when she heard of their accusation, she sent for them and prepared a banquet for them; she gave each one of them a knife, and she said ﴿to Yusuf﴾: “Come out before them.” Then, when they saw him, they exalted him (at his beauty) and (in their astonishment) cut their hands. They said: “How perfect is Allah! No man is this! This is none other than a noble angel!” 32. She said: “This is he (the young man) about whom you did blame me, and I did seek to seduce him, but he refused. And now if he refuses to obey my order, he shall certainly be cast into prison, and will be one of those who are disgraced.” 33. He said: “O my Lord! Prison is dearer to me than that to which they invite me. Unless You turn away their plot from me, I will feel inclined towards them and be one of the ignorant.” 34. So his Lord answered his invocation and turned away from him their plot. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.
Allah states that the news of what happened between the wife of the `Aziz and Yusuf spread in the city, that is, Egypt, and people talked about it,
(And women in the city said…), such as women of chiefs and princes said, while admonishing and criticizing the wife of the `Aziz,
(The wife of the `Aziz is seeking to seduce her (slave) young man,), she is luring her servant to have sex with her,
(indeed she loves him violently;), her love for him filled her heart and engulfed it,
(verily, we see her in plain error.), by loving him and trying to seduce him.
(So when she heard of their accusation,) especially their statement, “indeed she loves him violently.” Muhammad bin Ishaq commented, “They heard of Yusuf’s beauty and wanted to see him, so they said these words in order to get a look at him. ” This is when,
(she sent for them), invited them to her house,
(and prepared a banquet for them.) Ibn `Abbas, Sa’id bin Jubayr, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, As-Suddi and several others commented that she prepared a sitting room which had couches, pillows ﴿to recline on﴾ and food that requires knives to cut, such as citron. This is why Allah said next,
(and she gave each one of them a knife), as a part of her plan of revenge for their plot to see Yusuf,
(and she said ﴿to Yusuf﴾: “Come out before them.”), for she had asked him to stay somewhere else in the house,
(Then, when) he went out and,
(they saw him, they exalted him) they thought highly of him and were astonished at what they saw. They started cutting their hands in amazement at his beauty, while thinking that they were cutting the citron with their knives. Therefore, they injured their hands with the knives they were holding, according to several reports of Tafsir. Others said that after they ate and felt comfortable, and after having placed citron in front of them, giving each one of them a knife, the wife of the `Aziz asked them, “Would you like to see Yusuf” They said, “Yes.” So she sent for him to come in front of them and when they saw him, they started cutting their hands. She ordered him to keep coming and going, so that they saw him from all sides, and he went back in while they were still cutting their hands. When they felt the pain, they started screaming and she said to them, “You did all this from one look at him, so how can I be blamed
(They said: “How perfect is Allah! No man is this! This is none other than a noble angel!”) They said to her, “We do not blame you anymore after the sight that we saw.” They never saw anyone like Yusuf before, for he, peace be upon him, was given half of all beauty. An authentic Hadith stated that the Messenger of Allah passed by Prophet Yusuf, during the Night of Isra’ in the third heaven and commented,
(He was given a half of all beauty.) Mujahid and others said ﴿they said﴾: “We seek refuge from Allah,”
(No man is this!) They said next,
(“This is none other than a noble angel!” She said: “This is he (the young man) about whom you did blame me…”) She said these words to them so that they excuse her behavior, for a man who looks this beautiful and perfect, is worthy of being loved, she thought. She said,
(and I did seek to seduce him, but he refused) to obey me. Some scholars said that when the women saw Yusuf’s beauty, she told them about his inner beauty that they did not know of, being chaste and beautiful from the inside and outside. She then threatened him,
(And now if he refuses to obey my order, he shall certainly be cast into prison, and will be one of those who are disgraced.) This is when Prophet Yusuf sought refuge with Allah from their evil and wicked plots,
(He said: “O my Lord! Prison is dearer to me than that to which they invite me…”) illegal sexual acts,
(Unless You turn away their plot from me, I will feel inclined towards them) Yusuf invoked Allah: If You abandon me and I am reliant on myself, then I have no power over myself, nor can I bring harm or benefit to myself, except with Your power and will. Verily, You are sought for each and everything, and our total reliance is on You Alone for each and everything. Please, do not abandon me and leave me to rely on myself, for then,
(“I will feel inclined towards them and be one of the ignorant.” So his Lord answered his invocation) Yusuf, peace be upon him, was immune from error by Allah’s will, and He saved him from accepting the advances of the wife of the `Aziz’. He preferred prison, rather than accept her illicit call. This indicates the best and most perfect grade in this case, for Yusuf was youthful, beautiful and full of manhood. His master’s wife was calling him to herself, and she was the wife of the `Aziz of Egypt. She was also very beautiful and wealthy, as well as having a great social rank. He refused all this and preferred prison, for he feared Allah and hoped to earn His reward. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said,
(Allah will give shade to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but His: A just ruler, a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah, a man whose heart is attached to the Masjid, from the time he goes out of the Masjid until he gets back to it, two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause only, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given, a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for illicit intercourse with her and says: “I am afraid of Allah, and a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears.”)
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