Story of Prophet Hud AS

The Story of Prophet Hud (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ)

Tribe of Ad

Throughout history, Allah has entrusted thousands of Prophets with the task of guiding mankind toward the right path. Simultaneously, He has held nations accountable for their disobedience and refusal to worship Him despite receiving clear warnings. This is the story of the people of Ad, the successors of Prophet Nuh considered to be one of the ancient tribes of Arabia.

The Ad tribe, as mentioned in Surah Al-Ahqaf of the Qur'an, inhabited the sandy hills of the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, which is a region between modern-day Yemen and Oman.

Prophet Hud Story

The Qur'an also mentions in Surah Al-Fajr ayat 6-8,
"Have you not considered how your Lord dealt with 'Aad – [With] Iram – who had lofty pillars, The likes of whom had never been created in the land?"

From the Tafseer of Maududi,
"The ancient Aad are called Aad-lram for the reason that they belonged to that branch of the Semitic race which descended from Iram, son of Shem, son of Noah (peace be upon him)."

Description of Ad:

People of Ad image

The people Ad were renowned for their towering stature and physical fitness. They had a flair for building lofty constructions that surpassed that of neighboring tribes and nations, leading to an aura of arrogance and ignorance. And the few who ruled over the tribe were unjust, their power unchecked and unquestioned.

The Ad were not completely ignorant of the existence of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ). They worshipped Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) alongside several other deities whom they considered gods. They crafted idols representing these gods and worshipped them alongside Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ). As a result, Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) chose to send a Prophet to guide them toward monotheism.

The Prophet assigned this crucial task was Prophet Hud, who belonged to the same tribe. Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) states in the Qur'an: "And to the 'Aad [We sent] their brother Hud. He said, "O my people, worship Allah; you have no deity other than Him. Then will you not fear Him?"
— (Surah Al-A’raf ayah 65)

Prophet Hud (may peace be upon him) called his people to worship Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) exclusively and renounce all other forms of worship. He implored his people to question the rationality of worshiping gods created using their own hands. Prophet Hud reminded them it was Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) who gave them life and death, and it was Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) alone who blessed them with their skills and, hence, was the only one deserving of their undivided and sincere worship.

Calling to God image

"And to 'Aad [We sent] their brother Hud. He said:
"O my people, worship Allah; you have no deity other than Him. You are not but inventors [of falsehood]. O my people, I do not ask you for it any reward. My reward is only from the one who created me. Then will you not reason?"
— (Surah Hud, ayat 50-51)

The tribe chiefs, refusing to believe him, ridiculed Prophet Hud, branding him a fool and a liar.
"Said the eminent ones who disbelieved among his people, "Indeed, we see you in foolishness, and indeed, we think you are of the liars."
— (Surah Al-A'raf ayah 66)

Prophet Hud replied,
"O my people, there is not foolishness in me, but I am a messenger from the Lord of the worlds. I convey to you the messages of my Lord, and I am to you a trustworthy adviser. Then do you wonder that there has come to you a reminder from your Lord through a man from among you, that he may warn you? And remember when He made you successors after the people of Noah and increased you in stature extensively. So remember the favors of Allah that you might succeed."
— (Surah Al-A’raf ayat 67-69)

Day of Judgement Explained by Prophet Hud (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ):

Despite the people's resistance to his message, Prophet Hud remained patient and resolute. He continued to urge his people to understand the error in their ways and encouraged them to devote themselves solely to the worship of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) . He warned them about the Day of Reckoning, where Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) would resurrect each soul and hold them accountable for their actions and beliefs here on earth.

However, the polytheists were unwilling to listen, consumed by their materialistic pursuits and blinded by their ignorance.

They scoffed at their brother and asked:
"O Hud! Do you say that after we die and turn into dust, we will be resurrected?"

Prophet Hud replied:
"Yes, you will come back on the Day of Judgment, and each of you will be asked about what you did."

They sneered, whispering,
"How strange Hud's claims are!"

Hud was asked several questions about the Last Day. He patiently answered his people while explaining that the belief in the Day of Judgment was crucial to the belief in Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ). He further reassured them that while all their deeds would be accounted for on this day, Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) was the most forgiving, offering pardon to those who sincerely repented.

They listened to all that Prophet Hud had to say, but still, the Ad adamantly refused to accept the truth. They held firm to the belief that there was no life after death and were convinced that after passing, human remains would decay and become one with the soil.

They said,
And the eminent among his people who disbelieved and denied the meeting of the Hereafter while We had given them luxury in the worldly life said, "This is not but a man like yourselves. He eats of that from which you eat and drinks of what you drink. And if you should obey a man like yourselves, indeed, you would then be losers. Does he promise you that when you have died and become dust and bones that you will be brought forth [once more]? How far, how far, is that which you are promised. Life is not but our worldly life – we die and live, but we will not be resurrected. He is not but a man who has invented a lie about Allah, and we will not believe him."
— (Surah Al-Muminun, ayat 33-38)

Therefore, as disbelief persisted among them, Hud ceased his preaching to the disbelievers and turned to Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) in prayer, seeking His assistance. "My Lord! Help me, because they have denied me," he called.
— (Surah Al-Mu’minun ayah 39)

And Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) responded:
“Soon they will be truly regretful.”
— (Surah Al-Muminun, ayat 40)

Praying to God image

The Destruction of Ad:

Prophet Hud warned the disbelievers of a terrifying punishment. He knew that the Almighty would protect him and the handful of believers. Prophet Hud was certain that if Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) were intent on the destruction of the disbelievers, there would be no redemption.

The Ad remained unafraid, unbothered, and oblivious to the plight that awaited them. They continued to challenge Prophet Hud

Prophet Hud spoke to his people once again, saying,
"O my people, ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him. He will send [rain from] the sky upon you in showers and increase you in strength [added] to your strength. And do not turn away, [being] criminals."
— (Surah Al-Hud, ayah 52)

However, they argued,
"O Hud, you have not brought us clear evidence, and we are not ones to leave our gods on your say-so. Nor are we believers in you. We only say that some of our gods have possessed you with evil."
— (Surah Al-Hud, ayah 53-54)

Prophet Hud then replied:
"Indeed I take Allah as my witness, and you too to be my witnesses that I have nothing to do with your associating with Allah other than Him in His divinity. So conspire against me, all of you, and give me no respite. I have put my trust in Allah, Who is my Lord and your Lord. There is no moving creature which He does not hold by its forelock. Surely, My Lord is on the straight path. If you, then, turn away (from the truth), know that I have delivered the message with which I was sent to you. Now my Lord will set up another people in place of you and you shall in no way be able to harm Him. Surely, my Lord keeps a watch over everything.”
— (Surah Al-Hud, ayah 54-57)

Yet, their hearts remained veiled by pride as they said,
...Then bring us what you promise us, if you should be of the truthful."
— (Surah Al-Ahqaf, ayah 22)

Prophet Hud responded:
"Knowledge [of its time] is only with Allah, and I convey to you that with which I was sent; but I see you [to be] a people behaving ignorantly."
— (Surah Al-Ahqaf, ayah 23)

Before long, the trees started to wither, turning yellow and perishing under the scorching sun.

Punishment Image

As dense clouds approached the valley, the Ad rejoiced:
"This is a cloud bringing us rain."

But Prophet Hud replied:
"No, it is what you sought to hasten: a fierce wind carrying a painful punishment."

The weather swiftly shifted from scorching heat to a stinging cold, bringing with it a ferocious gale that uprooted trees and everything in its wake. The towering structures, once a source of pride for the Ad, were powerless against the relentless wind. It shredded through their flesh and obliterated the disbelievers, leaving no trace of their existence. The storm raged on for eight days and seven nights, wiping out the Ad completely.

Only Prophet Hud and his followers were saved from the ordeal. They migrated to Hadramaut, where they lived peacefully worshiping Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ).

Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) recounts in the Quran:
And as for 'Aad, they were destroyed by a screaming, violent wind which Allah imposed upon them for seven nights and eight days in succession, so you would see the people therein fallen as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees."
— (Surah Al-Haqqah, ayah 6-7)

Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) also says:
"Destroying everything by command of its Lord. And they became so that nothing was seen [of them] except their dwellings. Thus do We recompense the criminal people. And We had certainly established them in such as We have not established you, and We made for them hearing and vision and hearts. But their hearing and vision and hearts availed them not from anything [of the punishment] when they were [continually] rejecting the signs of Allah, and they were enveloped by what they used to ridicule. And We have already destroyed what surrounds you of [those] cities, and We have diversified the signs [or verses] that perhaps they might return [from disbelief]. Then why did those they took besides Allah as deities by which to approach [Him] not aid them? But they had strayed from them. And that was their falsehood and what they were inventing."
— (Surah Al-Ahqaf, ayat 25-28)

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