Who Are the Prophets in Islam?

The Prophets in Islam were extraordinary individuals sent by Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) to various communities for the purpose of being exemplary role models to inspire and spread the message of Islam. The Qur’an mentions 25 Prophets by name but it is believed there were many more as the Qur’an states, “And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger” (Surah Nahl Ayat 16). Below we have written about each prophet story in detail, adapted from the great work of Ibn Kathir, titled "stories of the prophets". We've expanded on certain narrations with the use of contemporary Qur'an commentaries.

Insha'Allah, you can read and learn from the journey of each Prophet as they were perfect role models for all follow. We hope you enjoy this series!

List of All Prophets Mentioned in Qur'an:

Prophet Adam AS Name Arabic

The story of the first man, Prophet Adam (as). His life is filled with many lessons we can learn from. It covers topics such as creation, temptation, and pride, as well as touching on our purpose here on earth and the love and mercy of Allah سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ.

Story of Prophet Adam

Prophet Idris AS Name Arabic

Prophet Idris (Enoch) was the second Prophet in Islam after Adam. He was the first person to Jihad and fought against corruption of Qabil (Cain).

Story of Prophet Idris

Prophet Nuh  Name Arabic

Prophet Nuh (Noah) is a story about disbelievers. Prophet Noah was sent down to prevent the Muslims that were following Prophet Idris from going astray after his passing.

Story of Prophet Nuh

Prophet Hud Name Arabic

Prophet Hud (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) was tasked with guiding one of the ancient tribe of Ad' towards the straight path. The people of Ad' were renowed for their towering structures and physical fitness. But, despite these gifts given by their creator, they ridculed Prophet Hud (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) and rejected the Prophet.

Story of Prophet Hud

Prophet Saleh Name Arabic

Prophet Saleh (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) was a respected and wise man sent to help guide the nation of Thamud. At the time, the city grew very prosperous and began the love for short term materialistic pleasures. The Prophet sought to make sure the people knew the consequence of their actions. Read full story to find out what happened to the people of Thamud.

Story of Prophet Saleh

Prophet Ibrahim AS Name Arabic

What is most inspiring in the story of Prophet Ibrahim (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) is the way he endured a very lonely life for a long period of time and never lost faith. This is among the most beloved people of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ), and he was tested severely on several occasions, but the bigger the test, the bigger the reward.

Story of Prophet Ibrahim

Prophet lut AS Name Arabic

The people of Sodom were prosperous and thriving. In such success people often diverge to the wrong path away from Allah. They got involved in many sinful activities, one of which being homosexuality. Allah then sent Prophet Lut to help the city of Sodom. The story of Sodom is also mentioned in the Jewish and Christian faith.

Story of Prophet Lut

Prophet ismail AS Name Arabic

The story of Prophet Ishmael (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), son of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and his wife Hagar. It is a story of tawakkul (trust in Allah سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ). From not being able to have a child, to Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) blessing them with two boys. From being stranded in a desert with nothing to drink, to the discovery of the Zam-Zam well. We also learn of how they built the Kabaa, and the ultimate sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim (AS).

Story of Prophet Ishmael

Prophet Ishaq AS Name Arabic

Prophet Ishaq (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) was the second son of Prophet Ibrahim (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) and half brother to Prophet Ishmael (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ). Prophet Ishaq (AS) is also the father of Prophet Yaqub (AS).

Story of Prophet Ishaq

Prophet Yaqub AS Name Arabic

Prophet Yaqub (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) story teaches us how a believer should respond in times of distress. He teaches us about the beautiful concept of Fa Saabrun Jameel or enduring with beautiful patience. Yaqub (AS) is the father of Prophet Yusuf (AS).

Story of Prophet Yaqub

Prophet Yusuf AS Name Arabic

Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) had a dream that he was destined for greatness. Yet his life was filled with had adversity and difficulty. It seemed everything would not go his way, he was betrayed by his brothers, sold as slave, and unjustly imprisoned. Yusuf could have chosen to be bitter and question his fate by asking Allah, what happened to my dream destined for greatness? He could have easily complained “why do these things keep happening to me” as many of us would. But he knew better…

Story of Prophet Yusuf

Prophet Ayyub AS Name Arabic

The story of Prophet Ayyub (Job) is one of adversity where his faith is constantly being tested. Yet his love for Allah only grows. He remains true to himself and never questions or doubts Allah’s will for a second. We can learn to be more patient and trusting from Prophet Ayyub.

Story of Prophet Ayyub

Prophet Shuaib AS Name Arabic

Prophet Shu'aib (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) believed to be Jethro, according to Judeo-Christian tradition. He was sent by Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) to a region called Madyan. We learn from his story the important of proper business dealings, equality, and justice.

Story of Prophet Shu'aib

Prophet Musa AS Name Arabic

The story of Musa (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), the most mentioned Prophet in the Qur'an. His life was filled with many trials from the moment he was born. Musa (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) fought hard against tyranny and oppression and to free Bani Israel.

Story of Prophet Musa

Prophet Harun AS Name Arabic

The story of Prophet Harun (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ). He served alongside his brother Prophet Musa (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) to free the children of Israel. His story teaches us the dangers of falling into the same old bad habits as Bani Israel did in the story of the golden calf.

Story of Prophet Harun

Prophet Dhul Kifl AS Name Arabic

Dhul-Kifl is a less known prophet and his story is a bit of a mystery. There are two mentions in the Qur’an about him that are a testament to his moral character.

Story of Prophet Dhul-Kifl

Prophet Dawud AS Name Arabic

Prophet Dawud (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) was among the most influential Prophets of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ). He devoutly worshiped Him until his last breath. He was sent as a prophet, as the Children of Israel needed a guide after the passing of prophets Musa (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) and Harun (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ). He is also the father to Prophet Sulaiman (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ).

Story of Prophet Dawud

Prophet Sulaiman AS Name Arabic

Prophet Sulaiman (Solomon) was the youngest son of Dawud (david) and the third king of the people of Israel. Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) bestowed many gifts to Sulaiman including the ability to speak with animals and rule over Jinn. He was granted a kingdom like none other, and ruled it justly. He is often regarded as one of the greatest rulers.

Story of Prophet Sulaiman

Prophet Ilyas AS Name Arabic

Prophet Ilyas (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) is mentioned only twice in the Qur'an, once in Surah Al-An'am and the other in Surah As-Saffat. But these verses reveal a lot into his character which we can learn from.

Story of Prophet Ilyas

Prophet Al-Yasa AS Name Arabic

Prophet Al-Yasa (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ), also referred to as Elisha in English, is a revered Prophet in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Similarly, like Prophet Ilyas (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) he is mentioned in two different places in the Qur'an.

Story of Prophet Al-Yasa

Prophet Yunus AS Name Arabic

The story of Prophet Yunus (Jonah) was a difficult one. His commitment to Allah was questioned and he had to face the consequence of this. However, his story shows Allah’s mercy as if you are sincere in repentance then Allah will shower His Mercy.

Story of Prophet Yunus

Prophet Zakariya AS Name Arabic

He was among the Prophets sent to tread the blessed soil of Jerusalem, guiding the Children of Israel along the path of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ). He was also made a guardian of Maryam (Radia Allahu anha).

Story of Prophet Zakariyah

Prophet Yahya AS Name Arabic

Prophet Yahya (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) is the son of Prophet Zakariya (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ). From a young age, Prophet Yahya (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) was special. While children spent time playing, he was observant and studious. He also had a very gentle heart and loved animals and nature.

Story of Prophet Yahya

Prophet Isa AS Name Arabic

Prophet Isa (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) was the last known messenger before Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ) blessed Isa (Jesus) with the ability to perform many miracles. The Qur'an mentions, The Ulul’ Azm (the 5 steadfast or most tested prophets) and Isa (AS) was listed as among the five.

Story of Prophet Isa

Prophet Muhammad AS Name Arabic

Story of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) - The seal of the Prophets. It should be the duty of every Muslim to study and learn about the seerah of Prophet Muhammad. Through this study we come to see the ways he was a role model for the entire ummah. What made him the ideal husband? How was he such an effective leader? In what ways can we follow his in his footsteps to becoming a better servant of Allah (سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ)?