A.H.Refers to after Hijrah which was the migration of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his companions from Mecca to Medina. The Islamic calendar starts from this event.
A.S.Is an abbreviation meaning Alayhis Salaam, which means peace be upon him. It's an example of Islamic honorifics, to show respect and make prayers specifically for the previous prophets, their mothers, and members of Ahl al-Bayt (12 imams and Fatimah). Alayhas salaam is used if it follows a woman's name, for plural we use Alayhimas-salaam.
AdabAdab refers to prescribed Islamic etiquette: good manners, morals, good character, decency and humaneness. Islam has laid out a clear an ethical code for Muslim to adhere to. Adab in the context of behavior means courtesy, respect, being appropriate and would include covering acts for washroom, cleansing and posture
AdhanIs call to congregational prayer (salat / namaz). It is used to signify the beginning of the five obligatory daily prayers. It's often spelled azan, adhan, or athan.
AdlThe literal meaning is ‘justice'. It's one of the 99 names of Allah. The muslim male names adel or adeel are derived from Adl.
AhadThe literal translation is the “one”. It refers to being “unique” or “matchless” and used by Muslims when referring to Allah. Similar to the concept of Tawhid.
Ahlul-Bayt (Ahl al-Bayt)Is a phrase meaning “People of the House”, “People of the Household” or “Family of the House”. It refers to the household of the Prophet (saws).
AhzabAhzab means parties, clans, or combined forces. In Islamic history, Ahzab is used to refer to the large alliance of pagan tribes that attacked Muslims in Medina for 30 days in January and February of the year 627 CE. The 33rd chapter of the Quran is titled Surah Ahzab which gives more background to this battle.
AkhirahIs the Arabic phrase referring to the hereafter.
AkhlaqIt's the practice of virtue, morals and manners.
AlhamdulillahAlhamdulillah means all praise to Allah alone. It is sometimes used as an expression to “thank God.”
Allahu Musta'anThe meaning of Allahu Musta'an is, Allah (alone) Whose help can be sought. Often said when dealing with a difficult situation or in trying times.
AlimIs one of the 99 names of Allah meaning the “all knowing”. It can also refer to an intelligent, learned or scholar of Islam (pl. ulama meaning ‘learned ones')
AllahUsed in English is the word for God. However, the word Allah has been used since pre-islamic times by Arab and non-Arab people of different religions. You can trace by the name's origin to earlier semitic writing in which el or eloah was used in the Hebrew Bible (old testament). There are 99 other ways to call God by, these are the 99 names of Allah and are used to describe all his attributes.
Allahu AkbarMeans God is the Greatest. These words are repeated by Muslims many times throughout the day to show remembrance of Allah. You will often hear Allahu akbar recited when expressing a happy feeling or in an approving tone towards witnessing something grand.
AmanahAmanah means fulfilling or upholding trusts. It is the concept of trusting someone with something of value and expecting that person to carry out what was entrusted to them.
Ayah / AyatAn ayah is a verse of the Quran. The Quran is divided into chapters called surahs. Each surah consists of sentences, each sentence would be referred to as an ayah. The plural of ayah would be ayat.
A'lamMeaning “world” or “universe”. In Arabic literature, like in Surah Fatiha, Alam is used in phrases like “Rabbil-Alam-een which would come to mean “the Lord of all Worlds/Universes”. This refers to Allah's as Absolute and Highest Divinity.
Allah YerhamoThe literal translation is “Rest In Peace”. For a male who passed away you would say Allah yerhamo, if the deceased is a female you would say “Allah yerhama”.
Allahumma AmeenAllahumma is an Arabic and Islamic term used to address Allah. It can be translated as “O Allah” or the equivalent of “Ya Allah”. It asking for Allah to hear your prayer (hear my prayer, my invocation). We also say ameen ya rabbal ‘alameen, which means to answer me O Lord of the Universe.
Allahumma BarikMay Allah bless you. It's used to ask Allah to bless something or someone or said when we like something or admire.
Ameen ya rabbul alameenAn Islamic expression often recited when making dua, Ameen means “Oh Allah accept our invocation” and Ya Rabbul Alameen translates to, “O Lord of the Worlds”.
AminIs an Arabic name given to males which means someone who is loyal or faithful.
ArafahIs an Islamic holiday which falls on the ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah of the lunar calendar.
AsabiyyahMeans tribal loyalty, nationalism, or the concept of social solidarity. It focuses on unity and togetherness.
Batilis an Arabic word meaning void or falsehood. It’s used to describe an invalid act according to Islamic law.
BatinThe meaning of this Islamic term means inner, inward or hidden. What this refers to is the hidden message or meaning for example of a passage of the Quran. A person who devotes himself to studying such hidden meanings is a batini
Biddahis Islamic Innovation in religion. Inventing new methods of worship that has no authenticity. It is considered a serious sin by Muslim as you’re trying to alter and perpetuate the teachings of the religion.
Bismillah hir rahman nir raheemA phrase often recited before doing an activity. The reason is to remember God before starting whatever it is you were about to do. The meaning of this phrase is “In the name of Allah, the most beneficent, the most merciful.”
BismillahIs the shortened version of the above; meaning “In the Name of Allah” often recited when beginning a chore or task, signifying I begin with the Name of Allah.
BulughRefers to reaching adulthood, puberty or maturity.
BurqaIs a garment worn by women to cover both the body and face. Not to be confused with Hijab which is just a head scarf.
CaliphThe successors or spiritual leader(s) after the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ after his death. The first Caliph was Abu Bakr (The father in law of Prophet Muhammad).
C.E.Is abbreviation meaning the Common Era. In Islamic texts C.E. is preferred over the term A.D. to refer to time before Hijrah, the start of the Muslim calendar.
Dar-al-IslamA term referring to Islamic world, literal translation is “house”, “abode”, “structure”, “place”, “land”, or “country”.
Duroodinvocation which Muslims make by saying specific phrases to compliment the Prophet Muhammad. An example would be reciting sallallahu alaihi wasallam after the Prophet’s name.
Da'wahis issuing summons or making invitation to Islam. Teaching others about Islamic practices, beliefs, virtues would be an example of Dawah.
Deen (Din)When referring to a Muslim’s deen you’re describing three of his/her senses: judgement, custom and religion. The word refers to the way of life for a Muslim, his compliance with the divine law, his beliefs, character and deeds.
DhikrIs a devotional act or prayer whereby a short phrase is repeated. The significance of dhikr is for remembrance of Allah and for repentance.
DhimmiA non-Muslim citizen in an Islamic state. Dhimmis are exempt from military service and zakat (charitable contribution) but instead pay a tax called jizyah. Their life and property are protected by the Islamic state.
DuaIs a supplication (invocation); a calling to Allah.
DhuhrIs the second compulsory prayer that is four ruk’ah in length. The timing is around afternoon; but the exact time varies for each geographic location.
Dhul HijjahIs the twelfth and last month of the Islamic calendar.
Dhul QidahIs the 11th month of the Islamic calendar.
EidIs a Muslim festivity, a celebration, a get together of families and communities. There are different types of Eid.
Eid ul-Adhafalls on the tenth day of Dhul Hijjah, it’s also called the “Festival of the Sacrifice”. It honours the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to Allah’s command.
Eid ul-Fitrfalls on the 1st day of Shawwal, Eid al-Fitr also called the “Festival of Breaking the Fast” which celebrate the end of Ramadan. It lasts three days.
FajrIs the first obligatory prayer of the day that occurs at dawn.
FaqihA faqih is an Islamic jurist, an expert in fiqh, or Islamic jurisprudence and Islamic Law.
FiqhThe body of Islamic jurisprudence (the theory or philosophy of law, legal system). In Islam it also means understanding, comprehension and knowledge. The faqih who is an expert in legal matters, passes verdicts within the rules of the Islamic Law.
FardMeaning obligatory. A religious obligation or duty, Islamic ruling. Praying 5 times a day is fard, neglecting fard is a sin.
FitnahCivil strife, riots, war or any trial or tribulation.
Fatihais the opening chapter of the Quran. It is called Umm Al-Kitab translated to ‘Mother of the Quran’ according to scholars.
Fatima or FatemaFatima The Prophet’s daughter, who married of Ali b. Abi Talib (A.S.), the mother of Hasan and Hussein (A.S.)
FatwaA decisive Islamic law which gives a ruling on various matters. The necessity for these rulings is usually based on modern issues which come about after the time of the Prophet. These rulings are not random, they are based on evidences in Quran and Sunnah.
Fimanallah“In the protection of God”, or “(be) with the safety of Allah”, “May Allah Protect You”.
Fitrah“Fitra” or “fitrah” refers to “original disposition” a child is born with. It’s believed they are a clean slate, pure and innocent.
GhadeerIs the name of the place near Mecca. The event of Ghadeer refers to a sermon delivered by the Prophet at the Pond of Khumm. According to Shi’ite traditions, shortly before his death in 632 CE, in the sermon Muhammad announced Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor, after which the final verse of the Quran was revealed, proclaiming the perfection of the religion of Islam. The day’s anniversary in the Islamic calendar (18 Dhu al-Hijjah) is celebrated by Shi’ite Muslims as Eid al-Ghadir.
GhaflahIs the Arabic word for heedlessness or negligence. In Islam it often refers to forgetfulness of God or becoming indifferent.
GhasbiUsurped, taken or used without ownership or proper permission of the owner.
GhaziTranslates roughly to “raider”, a holy warrior; a mujahid
GhufranakaIs a short dua meaning “[I ask You for] Your Forgiveness” recited when exiting the toilet.
GhuslIs a spiritual or ritual purification of the body that is required after sexual intercourse, menstruation, or seminal discharge.
HalalIs an Arabic word that translates to “permissible” into English.
HamdullahIs short form of saying Alhamdulillah which is an Arabic phrase meaning “praise be to God”. sometimes translated as “thank God.”)
HaramHaram are things that are not permitted in Islam. For example, eating pork, gambling and drinking alcohol are all considered to be haram.
HajjIs the Pilgrimage to Mecca. It is a mandatory act for all Muslims to complete at least once in their lifetime if the individual is financially and physically capable.
HijabLiterally means “veil” and is a headscarf used by women to cover their hair.
HikmahHikmah is the concept in Islamic philosophy and law. It refers to self awareness of oneself and others, to know the essence of beings as they really are.
HafizA Hafiz is a Muslim who has memorized the Quran or knows it by heart. The literal translation is “memorizer” or Protector.
HalaqRefers to the act of shaving the entire head and involves trimming the hair on the head by at least an inch. Performing Halq or Taqsir is the Wajib (obligatory) act that must be performed in order to leave the state of Ihram.
HawaVain or egotistical desire; individual passion; impulsiveness.
IftarRefers to breaking of the fast, typically in the month of Ramadan.
IhramA sacred state in which every pilgrim in Hajj or Umrah has to enter. There are certain restrictions, like where modest clothes.
IhsanIs an Arabic term meaning perfection or excellence. It is a Muslim’s individual responsibility to take one’s inner faith and show it through their deeds and action. It’s the responsibility to try and pursue perfection knowing it will never be reached. To try and seek perfection in worshipping Allah as if they see him, although they cannot see him. Allah loves when one of you is given a task, that he or she does it in the most excellent manner.
IjazMiracle, the character of the Qur’an in both form and content.
ImamIs a qualified religious leader or the head of a local community or mosque. He also leads in community political affairs.
ImanIs full, deep belief or faith in Allah. It is a part of the deen.
InjilIs the Gospel of Isa (Jesus) the new testament, it is one of the four holy books in Islam along with the Qur’an.
Innallaha Ma SabireenThe phrase innallaha ma sabireen means “Surely, Allah is with those who are As‑Saabiroon (the patient).”
InsanMeaning person. This word is often repeated in the Qur'an referring to "people", "man", or "mankind".
InshallahInshallah means with the will of Allah or god willing.
IqamahIs the second call to prayer, the adhan being the first. It’s said just before starting prayer the formal congregational prayer. It is typically recited quickly and in a monotone nature compared to the adhan.
IsaIs the Arabic name of Jesus, the son of Mariam (Mary). He is a Prophet of Allah. Isha the last daily obligatory salat (prayer) which occurs after sunset later in the evening. Islam the word Islam means submission or to submit oneself to God.
JahiliyahRefer to a time of ignorance and idolatry, before the revelation to Mohammed.
JannahIs Paradise; what many refer to in English as Heaven.
Jannatul FirdausThere are different layers of heaven, “Firdaus” is the designatation for the highest layer.
Jazakallah khairJazakallah khair or Jazak allahu khayran meaning of this phrase is “May Allah reward you for the good (goodness).” It’s often recited as way to express thanks or gratitude towards another as a sign of appreciation. Allah gives the best rewards, so saying this phrase is like a short prayer made on behalf on the person you are thanking.
JinnIs the unseen spiritual beings who are also required to follow order of Allah. But like humans they too can be either good or evil spirited and will be accountable for their deeds.
Jumu'ahIs the special Friday prayer, also referred to as salatul Jumu’ah
JihadJihad meaning “Struggle” in Arabic but also commonly translated as to strive in the way of Allah. This can be either spiritual or personal effort. Jihad is also fighting the enemies of those who oppose or try to oppress Islam. A fight in defense of it’s ideals and advancement.
JizyahIs a tax paid by non-Muslims living in a Muslim State. Since the non-Muslims are exempt from military service and taxes imposed on Muslims, they must pay this tax. The Islamic state guarantees its non-Muslim citizens security and protection in return for jizyah.
JuzOne of thirty parts of the Qur’an. Every night during of the month of Ramadan, one Juz is completed in Tarawih. After 30 days, the entire Quran would have been read.
Ka'bahLiterally translation is “cube” and refers to the holy building in Mecca originally built by the Prophet Ibrahim. Muslims all across the world when they pray face the Ka’ba, during pilgrimage they circulate the building.
KafirIs the Disbeliever. It refers to people who completely disbelieve in Allah.
KhutbahIs a lecture; given during Salat al-Jumu’ah
KitabIs Arabic word for book. The Quran is regarded as “Al-Kitab” meaning The Book.
KunKun is an Arabic word for the act of “manifesting”, “existing” or “being”. Allah’s command to the universe, “kun fa-yakoon” which is translated to ‘Be! And it is’. This is from Surah Yaseen Verse 82.
La ilaha illallah muhammadur rasulullahIs the Shahada, the translation for the first part is “There is no lord worthy of worship except Allah.” This encompasses concept of Tawhid or oneness of God, the most important belief in Islam. The second part of this declaration is “Muhammadun Rasul Allah,” which means “Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.”
Laylat Al-QadrIs referred to as the Night of Power, Night of decree, or the Night of Value. It a day close towards the end of Ramadan and signifies the night when the first verses of the Quran were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.
MaghribThis is the fourth compulsory prayer of the day to be given after sunset; Three ruk’ah in length. Its exact time varies for each geographic location, so it’s necessary to obtain a for your local area.
MahramLike a guardian; A woman’s mahram is a male and can be her father, brother, uncle, son, etc.
Makruhare actions are disliked acts. They wouldn’t be haram or subject to punishment but are generally discouraged acts and Muslims would be rewarded for avoiding. An example would be using excessive water when making wudu.
MashallahThe meaning of “Masha’ Allah” is “Whatever Allah wants” or “Whatever Allah wants to give, He gives.” Muslims say this whenever they see something they like, wish to express their happiness, when giving a compliment to a Muslim. It is proper etiquette to say “mashallah” with a compliment and Muslims believe that it can avert envy.
MaulviAn honorific Islamic title often, but not exclusively, given to Muslim religious scholars or Ulma preceding their names. Maulvi generally means any religious cleric or teacher.
Mi'rajMiraj or the night journey is Ascension of Prophet Muhammad to the Seven Heavens. Some Muslims celebrate this event by offering optional prayers during this night
Mu'awwidhataynMu’awwidhatayn is known as the verses of refuge. It is referring to Surah Al-Falaq and an-Nas. These two surahs should be said to relieve suffering (also protect from Black Magic and Jinns)
Mu'minIs a Muslim who observes the commandments of the Qur’an.
MustahabbCommendable, favoured or virtuous actions. These are encouraged. These would be things are recommended but not necessary. If one does it, he will be rewarded on the day of judgement but if neglected there are no sins associated. Reciting the long version of salam would be mustahabb.
NaarJahannam or hell is also referred as an-Nar meaning “the fire”.
NabiNabi is literally means prophets. In the Islamic context, a Nabi is a man sent by God to give guidance to man, but not given scripture. Prophet Ibrahim is an example of a Nabi. Contrasted with Rasul, a Messenger.
NikahIs the matrimonial contract between a bride and bridegroom within Islamic marriage. Niqab garment of clothing that covers the entire face besides the eyes.
NiyyahIs an Islamic concept that refers to the intention of a person’s heart to do an act. Prayer in front of other people for the sake of being seen as a religious person, this person prayer would be rejected as his niyyah is not right. One should make prayer for the sake of Allah and himself.
Our dictionary does not have any record of Islamic/Arabic words that begin with the letter O. To recommend one, you can visit our contact page and leave a sugggestion. Our team will then qualify the words, research them and write.
Our dictionary does not have any record of Islamic/Arabic words that begin with the letter P. To recommend one, you can visit our contact page and leave a sugggestion. Our team will then qualify the words, research them and write.
QiblahIs the direction that Muslims face when they make prayer or salat. This would be towards the Kaaba.
Qur'anIslam’s holy book. Muslims believe this book is the words of Allah the Almighty. It was revealed over 23 years in stages to the last and final messenger of God, Muhammad SAW. It is preserved its pristine state just as it was when it was revealed. Early followers of Islam committed the revelations to memory, which were later recorded in the form of a book.
QurayshIs the name of a tribe in Arabia which the Prophet Muhammad belonged to.
QadarIs a concept in Islam to accept one’s fate. It’s god’s plan, our fate, predestination. We must accept our life the way it is, it can not be any other way.
RahimullahMay Allah’s mercy/blessing be upon him. Usually used after mentioning the companions of Muhammad.
Rak'ahOne unit or one cycle of an Islamic prayer. It consists of standing, bowing and prostrating in prayer.
RamadanIs the Month of fasting in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.
Rasool / RasulIs the messenger; one who receives revelation from Allah and delivers the message to his people. There are twenty-five Prophets mentioned throughout the Quran. Five among them are major messengers: Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus), and Muhammad, peace be upon them all.
RibaRefer to usury or interest (as in loans) interest. The charging and paying of interest in Islam are forbidden by the Qur’an.
Sadaqah JariyahIs charity that continues even after you have passed. Having children and teaching them the deen, building a school, passing knowledge is sadaqah jariyah. The rewards are continuous.
SahabiThe sahabi are the companions of Prophet Muhammad (pl. sahabah)
Salah / Salatis the second of the Five Pillars in the Islamic faith, and an obligatory religious duty for every Muslim. It is a physical, mental, and spiritual act of worship that is observed five times every day at prescribed times.
SalamSalam is a greeting used by Muslims when meeting or leaving, it means peace.
Sallallahu Alaihi WasallamSallallahu Alaihi Wasallam or S.A.W means peace and blessings of Allah be on him (referring to the Prophet Muhammad saws).
Sawmis the act of fasting, usually referring to fasting during Ramadan. Sawm includes abstinence from food, liquids, and sexual relationships from dawn to sunset, for a complete one lunar month.
ShahadahMean to bear witness, testimony, or declaration of faith. It’s one of the five pillars of Islam. The Shahadah is short phrase, the Arabic transliteration is la ilaha illallah muhammadur rasulullah.
ShaitanIs the devil, the source of evil in the world. Shaitan (satan) always tries to misguide and mislead people. Another name for shaitan is Iblis.
SheikhIs a title, or a name given to elderly, the wise or a person who is knowledgeable of Islam.
ShirkIs a major sin in Islam, it is associating partners with Allah. Tawhid is believing in the oneness and uniqueness of Allah, to put another deity on the same pedestal as Allah is blasphemy.
ShukranShukran is an Arabic word meaning thank you.
SubhanallahMeans glorified is Allah; Allah is pure. Muslims say subhan Allah when they appreciate something. It is a short dhikr (prayer) that is often repeated.
Sujood / SujudIs the prostration to Allah in the daily prayer. During sujud, Muslims make sure that the forehead, nose, hands, knees, and toes, are all touching the floor. This is the humblest position in the prayer, in this moment a person is closest to Allah which is why it’s recommended to supplicate.
SunnahSunnah refers to sayings, actions and behavior of the Prophet Muhammad. These are recorded in the hadith books by the companions of the Prophet.
SurahSurah is a chapter of the Quran. In total the Quran consists of a total of 114 chapters.
TabarakallahIs used similarly to reciting Mashallah, the meaning is Blessed is Allah. It’s said by Muslims when they see something that amazes them. It could be recited when you see something beautiful or when something has you in awe. It’s to show appreciation or gratitude towards Allah for the beauty of his creation. Literal meaning is “blessed is He [Allah]”.
TafseerA term used for a commentary of any book, specifically the Holy Qur’an.
Takbeer / TakbirahIs the name for the Arabic phrase ‘Allahu-akbar’ which means “God is [the] greatest”.
TalaqA form of divorce whereby a Muslim man could legally divorce his wife by pronouncing talaq (the Arabic word for divorce) three times.
TasbihTasbih is the recitation of short prayers (dhikr). For example, saying “Subhanallah” repeatedly. To keep track of counting Muslims, count on their fingers of the right hand or use misbaha (prayer beads).
TaslimThe concluding portion recited at the end of prayer, the Arabic transliteration is As-salamu alaikum wa-rahmatu-llah meaning “Peace and blessings of God be unto you”.
TawafTawaf is part of the pilgrimage which involves circling around the Kabah.
TawakkulIs the belief or acceptance of total reliance on Allah. Nothing can happen without his will.
Tawbah / TaubahThe Islamic concept of repenting to God to ask forgiveness for any sins and misdeeds committed.
TawhidRefers to the unification or oneness of God. It’s encompasses the monotheistic nature of Islam.
TayammumSpiritual cleansing which is a substitute for wudu and ghusl. In situations where wudu is difficult to make or not possible, like in a desert or a place where there’s no water, a person may preform tayammum as a substitute for wudu / ghusl.
Our dictionary does not have any record of Islamic/Arabic words that begin with the letter V. To recommend one, you can visit our contact page and leave a sugggestion. Our team will then qualify the words, research them and write.
Wa alaikum assalamWa alaikum assalam is the common response to the one who says “assalmualkium” which means “and unto you peace”.
WajibWajib is obligatory an act which must be performed. A religious duty.
WaliA friend, protector, guardian, supporter, or a helper.
WitrA voluntary, optional night prayer offered after isha but before fajr.
Wudu / Wudhuthe act of purifying (ablution) before daily ritual prayers or before reading the Quran.
Wa IyyakumCommon response to someone who said Jazakallah khair, wa iyyakum means ‘and to you too’.
Our dictionary does not have any record of Islamic/Arabic words that begin with the letter X. To recommend one, you can visit our contact page and leave a sugggestion. Our team will then qualify the words, research them and write.
Ya RabIt's similar to saying ya allah meaning, my Lord. It’s a decloration or call to Allah.
YarhamukallahMeaning “May God have mercy on you”, said when someone sneezes.
ZakatReligious obligatory tax that every Muslim must pay. It is one of the five pillars of Islam and a form of alms-giving or chartiy. The amount donated is based off a percentage of your income so it varies per individual. The money is to be used to provide for the less fortunate.
ZinaZina refer to sexual activity outside of marriage, fornication. It is haram.
ZuhrIs the second compulsory prayer that is four ruk’ah in length. The timing is around afternoon; but the exact time varies for each geographic location.
Zum-Zumis a well located within the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. The water which comes from this well is called Zum Zum water. It is noted in Hadith that Hajar, the wife of Prophet Ibrahim (AS), was searching for water to quench her and Ismail’s thirst. An angel aided her in finding the spot of the well. It is still in use today.
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