Surah Fil >> Currently viewing Surah Fil Ayat 3 (105:3)

Surah Fil Ayat 3 in Arabic Text

وَأَرۡسَلَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ طَيۡرًا أَبَابِيلَ
Wa arsala ‘alaihim tairan abaabeel

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 3

Sahih International
And He sent against them birds in flocks,

Yusuf Ali
And He sent against them Flights of Birds,

Abul Ala Maududi
And He sent against them swarms of birds

Muhsin Khan
And sent against them birds, in flocks,

And send against them swarms of flying creatures,

Dr. Ghali
And He sent upon them baleful birds (in flocks),

Abdel Haleem
He sent ranks of birds against them,

Muhammad Junagarhi
اور ان پر پرندوں کے جھنڈ کے جھنڈ بھیج دیئے

Quran 105 Verse 3 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Fil ayat 3, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.


(105:3) And He sent against them swarms of birds[5]

5. Ababil means many separate and scattered groups whether of men or other creatures, which come from different sides successively. Ikrimah and Qatadah say that these swarms of birds had come from the Red Sea side. Saeed bin Jubair and Ikrimah say that such birds had neither been seen before nor ever after; these were neither birds of Najd, nor of Hijaz, nor of Timamah (the land between Hijaz and the Red Sea). lbn Abbas says that their beaks were like those of birds and claws like the dog’s paw. Ikrimah has stated that their heads were like the heads of the birds of prey, and almost all the reporters agree that each bird carried a stone in its beak and two stones in its claws. Some people of Makkah had these stones preserved with them for a long time. Thus, Abu Nuaim has related a statement of Naufal bin Abi Muawiyah, saying that he had seen the stones which had been thrown on the people of the elephant; they equaled a small pea seed in size and were dark red in color. According to Ibn Abbas’s tradition that Abu Nuaim has related, they were equal to a pine kernel, and according to Ibn Marduyah, equal to a goat’s dropping. Obviously, all the stones might not be equal but differing in size to some extent.


The tafsir of Surah Fil verse 4 by Ibn Kathir is unavailable here.
Please refer to Surah Fil ayat 1 which provides the complete commentary from verse 1 through 5.

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