There is one popular hadith reported by Ibn Mas’ud who reported:
The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The son of Adam will not be dismissed from his Lord on the Day of Resurrection until he is questioned about five issues: his life and how he lived it, his youth and how he used it, his wealth and how he earned it and he spent it, and how he acted on his knowledge.”
Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2416 Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani
The lesson behind this hadith serves as a good reminder to all Muslims on how he or she lived his life on earth. It causes you to reflect and reassess your actions and behavior.
Here are the 5 questions that will supposedly be asked on the day of judgement:
(1) How One Lived Its Life on Earth
(2) How One Utilized His Youth
(3) How One Earned Its Wealth
(4) How One Spent Its Wealth
(5) What One Did With His Knowledge
How One Lived Its Life on Earth
They say that a fool lives to eat and a wise man eats to live. The real question is what does he eat to live for?
Is the purpose of his or her life to live in order to enjoy more earthly pleasures. Or is their time spent trying to rank higher in righteous deeds and remembering Allah.
In Surah Al-Humazah Allah warns us,
Woe to every scorner and mocker. Who has gathered wealth and counted it. He thinks that his wealth will make him last forever. But no! Verily, he will be thrown into the crusher.
This is not some new revolutionary idea, but often it’s a good reminder to do be good and do good. A piece of wisdom that may help you in your life is strive to be missed if you were gone. It is a good standard to live by. You can do that by the following verse in the Quran and hadith:
- The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character. Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 3559 In-book reference : Book 61, Hadith 68
- And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction [by refraining]. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good. (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:195)
- Who believe in the Unseen, are steadfast in prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them; (Al-Baqarah 2:3)
- Then those whose balance (of good deeds) is heavy,- they will attain salvation (Al-Mumenoon 23:102)
How One Utilized His Youth
If you already past your youth then this may be too late for you. Regardless, it is through mistakes and failures we learn and realize our faults. We grow from these experiences and become wiser. All that can be done now is to ask Allah for forgiveness and he is most merciful and knows what lies in your heart.
“One of the worst sins is a person taking his sin lightly.” Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq [Al-Mujalasah wa Jawahir Al-‘Ilm]
Here are quotes from the Quran on the youth should act. Majority of the youth should be spent acquiring information, learning about Islam, becoming educated and cultivating good character.
Your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him and be good to your parents. Whether one or both of them reach old age while with you, do not say to them even a mild rebuke and do not repel them but rather speak to them a noble word. Lower for them the wing of humility out of mercy and say: My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up when I was small. Surah Al-Isra 17:23-24
Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and be kind to parents. Surah An-Nisa 4:36
Fear Allah through whom you ask one another and establish family ties. Surah An-Nisa 4:1
We have enjoined upon man goodness to his parents. Surah Al-Ankabut 29:8
How One Earned Its Wealth
Islam is a fair religion. It condemns ruthless business practices that try to deceive and take advantage of others. It rewards those who were disciplined and determined to earn that which they have. It’s Allah’s will who actually achieve success but there is no excuse for not trying.
Narrated Al-Miqdam: The Prophet (saws) said, “Nobody has ever eaten a better meal than that which one has earned by working with one’s own hands. The Prophet (saws) of Allah, David used to eat from the earnings of his manual labor.” Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 2072 In-book reference : Book 34, Hadith 25
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Allah says, ‘I will be against three persons on the Day of Resurrection: -1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous. -2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price, -3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages” Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 2227 In-book reference : Book 34, Hadith 174
How One Spent Its Wealth
One of the most fundamental principles of Islam is charity (zakat), There are many hadith which highlight the importance of how you should spend the wealth Allah has given you.
See Related Post: 30 Islamic Quotes on Charity
Salman bin Amir Dabbi narrated that: the Messenger of Allah said: “Charity given to the poor is charity, and that given to a relative is two things: charity and upholding the ties of kinship.” Grade : Sahih (Darussalam) Reference : Sunan Ibn Majah 1844 In-book reference : Book 8, Hadith 62
Whatever ye shall spend in the cause of Allah, shall be repaid unto you, and ye shall not be treated unjustly. (Al-Anfal 8:60)
“Giving in charity doesn’t decrease your wealth in the slightest, and the person who pardons is not increase except in honor and there is no person who is humble for the sake of Allah, except that Allah will raise his rank.” (Reference : Sahih Muslim 2588 In-book reference : Book 45, Hadith 90)
Wealth and sons are allurements of the life of this world: But the things that endure, good deeds, are best in the sight of thy Lord, as rewards, and best as (the foundation for) hopes. (Al-Kahf 18:46)
What One Did With His Knowledge
Being intelligent can be a gift or a curse. Allah has given some the capacity and opportunity to become intelligent and influential. But this surely is a test. You can use your intelligence to manipulate and deceive others to get what you desire at the expense of others. When the day comes, you will have to answer for this deceitful nature.
The person who believes he is better than others and becomes boastful and egotistic of his intelligent does not realize Allah has given him this gift. It is not him who acquired this knowledge and he has let his ego control him.
It is a tremendous responsibility to do good with this knowledge and pass it on to help improve the live of others. Thus knowledge can be a gift or a curse.
We covered a lot in this article and I hope you found it engaging. The main purpose behind MyIslam.org is that you close the browser a little wiser than when you opened it. May Allah grant us sabr and ease in our hearts.
Remember this life is short and it’s temporary. We must monitor our actions and behaviors and do what’s best to make a case our to Allah on why we deserve to enter Jannah. So ask yourself these 5 questions.
(1) How Have I Lived My Life on Earth (In the name of Allah or for my own selfish pursuits?)
(2) How Have I Utilized My Youth (or what mistakes have I made and learned)
(3) How Have I Earned My Wealth (on the fruits of my labor or through taking advantage of others?)
(4) How Have I Spent My Wealth (helping others or selfish pleasures?)
(5) What Did I Do With This Knowledge (deceive or empower others?)
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