(The Holder of Supreme Authority)
The Govenor, The Ruler.
Allah سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ is Al-Waali (in Arabic: ٱلْوَالِي), The One who is the sole planner and governor of all things. He is fully supportive, helpful, and master of all. He manages and disposes of things at His will based on His judgement.
From the root waw-lam-ya (و ل ي) which has the following classical Arabic connotations: to be near, close, nearby to be a friend, helper, supporter, maintainer, to defend, guard (lit. friendly dealing), to be in charge, to turn one toward something, to be the master, owner, lord.
As we've mentioned in previous names different scholars have different criteria for what qualifies as a name of Allah سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ. Of the 99 names, 81 are explicitly mentioned in the Qur'an. Therefore, there isn't one agreed upon list for the remaining 18 names. al-Wasi is one of those names which is not included by certain scholars. This list includes Ibn Mandah, Ibn Hazm, and Ibn Hajar among others. However, others such as Imam al-Bayhaqi and Imam al-Ghazali have included this name in their lists.
This is also not to be confused with a previous name we've discussed al-waliyy (ٱلْوَلِيُّ) - The Protecting Associate. Here al-Wali (ٱلْوَالِي) refers to being the ruler, or guardian and this encompasses three qualities. Imam Ghazali mentions for being a govenor requires organization, power, and action. Failure in any of these respects relinquishes the title of being called the true ruler.
Below are just a few verses which mention Allah's complete dominion. It demonstrates how He is the best palanner, the all powerful king, and the one who manages the affairs of all things.
Wa iz yamkuru bikal lazeena kafaroo liyusbitooka aw yaqtulooka aw yukhrijook; wa yamkuroona wa yamkurul laahu wallaahu khairul maakireen
"And [remember, O Muhammad], when those who disbelieved plotted against you to restrain you or kill you or evict you [from Makkah]. But they plan, and Allah plans. And Allah is the best of planners." — (Qur'an 8:30)
Qulil laahumma Maalikal Mulki tu’til mulka man tashaaa’u wa tanzi’ul mulka mimman tashhaaa’u wa tu’izzu man tashaaa’u wa tuzillu man tashaaa’u biyadikal khairu innaka ‘alaa kulli shai’in Qadeer
"Say, “O Allah, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things competent." — (Qur'an 3:26)
Zaalikumul laahu Rabbukum laaa ilaaha illaa huwa khaaliqu kulli shai’in fa’budooh; wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shai’inw Wakeel
"That is Allah, your Lord; there is no deity except Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Disposer of all things." — (Qur'an 3:102)
Allaahu waliyyul lazeena aamanoo yukhrijuhum minaz zulumaati ilan noori wallazeena kafarooo awliyaaa’uhumut Taaghootu yukhrijoonahum minan noori ilaz zulumaat; ulaaa’ika Ashaabun Naari hum feehaa khaalidoon (section 34)
"Allah is the ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darknesses into the light. And those who disbelieve – their allies are Taghut. They take them out of the light into darknesses. Those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein." — (Qur'an 2:257)
The believer benefits from knowing that Allah سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ is al-Wali. He understands that real control comes from the commandments of whatever Allah سُبْحَٰنَهُۥ وَتَعَٰلَىٰ wills. No one can dictate otherwise. It should further solidy the notion of reliance upon Him for all matters. He is the one who organizes the plan, puts it in action, and then preserves it.