Surah Hadid >> Currently viewing Surah Hadid Ayat 22 (57:22)

Surah Hadid Ayat 22 in Arabic Text

مَآ أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍۢ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِىٓ أَنفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِى كِتَـٰبٍۢ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَآ ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ يَسِيرٌۭ
Maaa asaaba min museebatin fil ardi wa laa feee anfusikum illaa fee kitaabim min qabli an nabra ahaa; innaa zaalika ‘alal laahi yaseer

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 22

Sahih International
No disaster strikes upon the earth or among yourselves except that it is in a register before We bring it into being – indeed that, for Allah, is easy –

Yusuf Ali
No misfortune can happen on earth or in your souls but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence: That is truly easy for Allah:

Abul Ala Maududi
No misfortune ever befalls on earth, nor on yourselves but We have inscribed it in the Book before We make it manifest. Surely that is easy for Allah.

Muhsin Khan
No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah.

Pickthall
Naught of disaster befalleth in the earth or in yourselves but it is in a Book before we bring it into being – Lo! that is easy for Allah –

Dr. Ghali
In no way is there an affliction that afflicts in the earth or in yourselves, except (that) it is in a Book even before We initiated it- surely that is easy for Allah –

Abdel Haleem
No misfortune can happen, either in the earth or in yourselves, that was not set down in writing before We brought it into being- that is easy for God-

Quran 57 Verse 22 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Hadid ayat 22, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(57:22) No misfortune ever befalls on earth, nor on yourselves but We have inscribed it in the Book[39] before We make it manifest.[40] Surely that is easy for Allah.[41]


39. A Book: the writ of destiny.

40. Here, “it” may be referring to the affliction as well as to the earth, or the self of man, or in view of the context, to all the creatures.

41. That is, it is not at all difficult for Allah to pre-ordain the destiny of each and every one of His creatures.

Ibn-Kathir

22. No calamity occurs in the earth nor in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah. 23. In order that you may not grieve at the things over that you fail to get, nor rejoice over that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not prideful boasters. 24. Those who are misers and enjoin miserliness upon people. And whosoever turns away, then Allah is Rich, Worthy of all praise.


Everything that affects Mankind, is duly measured and destined

Allah reminds of His measuring and deciding the destiny of all things before He created the creation,

﴿مَآ أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَلاَ فِى أَنفُسِكُمْ﴾

(No calamity occurs on the earth nor in yourselves) meaning, `there is nothing that touches you or happens in existence,’

﴿إِلاَّ فِى كِتَـبٍ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَآ﴾

(but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees before We bring it into existence.) meaning, `before We created the creation and started life.’ Qatadah commented on this Ayah,

﴿مَآ أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِى الاٌّرْضِ﴾

(No calamity occurs on the earth) refers to famine, while,

﴿وَلاَ فِى أَنفُسِكُمْ﴾

(or nor in yourselves) refers to suffering and diseases.” He also said, “We were told that every person who suffers a prick of a thorn, a twisted ankle, or a bleeding vein, has it occur on account of his sins. What Allah forgives is even more.” This great, honorable Ayah provides clear evidence to the misguidance of the cursed Qadariyyah sect, who deny Allah’s Preordaihnent and His knowledge of everything before it occurs. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say,

«قَدَّرَ اللهُ الْمَقَادِيرَ قَبلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ السَّموَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِخَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَة»

(Allah ordained the measures (of everything) fifty thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth.)” Muslim collected this Hadith in his Sahih with the addition:

«وَكَانَ عَرْشُهُ عَلَى الْمَاء»

(And His Throne was over the water.) At-Tirmidhi also collected it and said, “Hasan Sahih.” Allah’s statement,

﴿إِنَّ ذلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ﴾

(Verily, that is easy for Allah.) means that He knows all things before they occur, and He records them exactly as they will occur when they occur, and this is easy for Him. Verily, Allah knows what happened, what will happen and what did not happen, and what shape and form it will take if it were to happen.

Ordering Patience and Gratitude

Allah said,

﴿لِّكَيْلاَ تَأْسَوْاْ عَلَى مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلاَ تَفْرَحُواْ بِمَآ ءَاتَـكُمْ﴾

(In order that you may not grieve at the things over that you fail to get, nor rejoice over that which has been given to you.) meaning, `We informed you of Our encompassing knowledge, recording all things before they occur and creating all things in due measure known to Us, so that you may know that what has met you would never have missed you and what has missed you would never have met you. Therefore, do not grieve for what you have missed of fortune, because had it been destined for you, you would have achieved it.’ (It is also recited) (وَلَا تَفْرَحُوْا بِمَا أَتَاكُمْ) (nor rejoice over that which came to you) meaning, come to you. According to the recitation,

﴿ءَاتَـكُمُ﴾

it means (which has been given to you.) Both meanings are related. Allah says here, `do not boast before people about what Allah has favored you with, because it is not you who earned it by your efforts. Rather, all this came your way because Allah destined them for you and provided them for you as provisions. Therefore, do not use what Allah has granted you as a reason to boast and become arrogant with others.’ Allah’s statement,

﴿وَاللَّهُ لاَ يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ﴾

(And Allah likes not prideful boasters.) meaning, who acts arrogantly with other people. `Ikrimah commented by saying, “Everyone of us feels happiness and grief. However, make your joy with gratitude and endure your grief with patience.”

Censuring the Stinginess

Allah the Exalted then said,

﴿الَّذِينَ يَبْخَلُونَ وَيَأْمُرُونَ النَّاسَ بِالْبُخْلِ﴾

(Those who are misers and enjoin miserliness upon people.) meaning those who commit evil and encourage people to commit it,

﴿وَمَن يَتَوَلَّ﴾

(And whosoever turns away,) from abiding by Allah’s commandments and obeying Him,

﴿فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْغَنِىُّ الْحَمِيدُ﴾

(then Allah is Rich, Worthy of all praise.) As Musa, peace be upon him, said,

﴿إِن تَكْفُرُواْ أَنتُمْ وَمَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ جَمِيعًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَنِىٌّ حَمِيدٌ﴾

(If you disbelieve, you and all on earth together, then verily, Allah is Rich, Owner of all praise.)(14:8)

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