Surah Tariq >> Currently viewing Surah Tariq Ayat 1 (86:1)

Surah Tariq Ayat 1 in Arabic Text

وَٱلسَّمَآءِ وَٱلطَّارِقِ
Wassamaaa’i wattaariq

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 1

Sahih International
By the sky and the night comer –

Yusuf Ali
By the Sky and the Night-Visitant (therein);-

Abul Ala Maududi
By the heaven, and the night-visitor,

Muhsin Khan
By the heaven, and At-Tariq (the night-comer, i.e. the bright star);

Pickthall
By the heaven and the Morning Star

Dr. Ghali
And (by) the heaven and the Night Visitant! (Or: “The Morning Star; literally: The Rapper).

Abdel Haleem
By the sky and the night-comer––

Quran 86 Verse 1 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Tariq ayat 1, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(86:1) By the heaven, and the night-visitor,


There is no commentary by Abul Maududi available for this verse.

Ibn-Kathir

1. By the heaven, and At-Tariq; 2. And what will make you to know what At-Tariq is 3. The star, Ath-Thaqib. 4. There is no human being but has a protector over him. 5. So, let man see from what he is created! 6. He is created from a water gushing forth, 7. Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs. 8. Verily, He is Able to bring him back! 9. The Day when all the secrets will be examined. 10. Then he will have no power, nor any helper.


Swearing by the Existence of Humanity surrounded by the Organized System of Allah

Allah swears by the heaven and what He has placed in it of radiant stars. Thus, He says,

﴿وَالسَّمَآءِ وَالطَّارِقِ ﴾

(By the heaven, and At-Tariq;) Then He says,

﴿وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ ﴾

(And what will make you to know what At-Tariq is) Then He explains it by His saying,

﴿النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ ﴾

(The star of Ath-Thaqib.) Qatadah and others have said, “The star has been named Tariq because it is only seen at night and it is hidden during the day.” His view is supported by what has been mentioned in the authentic Hadith that prohibits a man to come to his family Taruq. This means that he comes to them unexpectedly at nighttime. Concerning Allah’s statement,

﴿الثَّاقِبُ﴾

(Ath-Thaqib.) Ibn `Abbas said, “The illuminating.” `Ikrimah said, “It is illuminating and it burns the Shaytan” Then Allah says,

﴿إِن كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَّمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ ﴾

(There is no human being but has a protector over him.) meaning, every soul has a guardian over it from Allah that protects it from the calamities. This is as Allah says,

﴿لَهُ مُعَقِّبَـتٌ مِّن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ يَحْفَظُونَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِ اللَّهِ﴾

(For Him, there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the command of Allah.) (13:11)

How Man is created is a Proof of Allah’s Ability to Return Him to Him

Allah says,

﴿فَلْيَنظُرِ الإِنسَـنُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ ﴾

(So, let man see from what he is created!) This is alerting man to the weakness of his origin from which he was created. The intent of it is to guide man to accept (the reality of) the Hereafter, because whoever is able to begin the creation then he is also able to repeat it in the same way. This is as Allah says,

﴿وَهُوَ الَّذِى يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَهُوَ أَهْوَنُ عَلَيْهِ﴾

(And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it; and this is easier for Him.) (30:27) Then Allah says,

﴿خُلِقَ مِن مَّآءٍ دَافِقٍ ﴾

(He is created from a water gushing forth.) meaning, the sexual fluid that comes out bursting forth from the man and the woman. Thus, the child is produced from both of them by the permission of Allah. Due to this Allah says,

﴿يَخْرُجُ مِن بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَآئِبِ ﴾

(Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs.) meaning, the backbone (or loins) of the man and the ribs of the woman, which is referring to her chest. Shabib bin Bishr reported from `Ikrimah who narrated from Ibn `Abbas that he said,

﴿يَخْرُجُ مِن بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَآئِبِ ﴾

(Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs.) “The backbone of the man and the ribs of the woman. It (the fluid) is yellow and fine in texture. The child will not be born except from both of them (i.e., their sexual fluids).” Concerning Allah’s statement,

﴿إِنَّهُ عَلَى رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ ﴾

(Verily, He is Able to bring him back (to life)!) This means that He is able to return this man that is created from fluid gushed forth. In other words, He is able to repeat his creation and resurrect him to the final abode. This is clearly possible, because whoever is able to begin the creation then he surely is able to repeat it. Indeed Allah has mentioned this proof in more than one place in the Qur’an.

On the Day of Judgement, Man will have no Power or Assistance

In this regard Allah says,

﴿يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَآئِرُ ﴾

(The Day when all the secrets will be examined.) meaning, on the Day of Judgement the secrets will be tested. This means that they will be exposed and made manifest. Thus, the secret will be made open and that which is concealed will be well known. It is confirmed in the Two Sahihs on the authority of Ibn `Umar that the Messenger of Allah said,

«يُرْفَعُ لِكُلِّ غَادِرٍ لِوَاءٌ عِنْدَ اسْتِهِ يُقَالُ: هذِهِ غَدْرَةُ فُلَانِ بْنِ فُلَان»

(Every betrayer will have a flag raised for him behind his back, and it will be said, `This is the betrayal of so-and-so, the son of so-and-so.’) Concerning Allah’s statement,

﴿فَمَا لَهُ﴾

(Then he will have no) meaning, man on the Day of Judgement.

﴿مِن قُوَّةٍ﴾

(any power) meaning, within himself.

﴿وَلاَ نَاصِرٍ﴾

(nor any helper.) meaning, from other than himself. This statement means that he will not be able to save himself from the torment of Allah, and nor will anyone else be able to save him.

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