Surah Al-Ma’idah >> Currently viewing Surah Al-Ma’idah Ayat 109 (5:109)

Surah Al-Ma’idah Ayat 109 in Arabic Text

يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلرُّسُلَ فَيَقُولُ مَاذَآ أُجِبْتُمْ ۖ قَالُوا۟ لَا عِلْمَ لَنَآ ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلَّـٰمُ ٱلْغُيُوبِ
yawma yajma’ul laahur Rusula fa yaqoolu maazaaa ujibtum qaaloo laa ‘ilma lanaa innaka Anta ‘Allaamul Ghuyoob

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 109

Sahih International
[Be warned of] the Day when Allah will assemble the messengers and say, “What was the response you received?” They will say, “We have no knowledge. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen”

Yusuf Ali
One day will Allah gather the messengers together, and ask: “What was the response ye received (from men to your teaching)?” They will say: “We have no knowledge: it is Thou Who knowest in full all that is hidden.”

Abul Ala Maududi
The Day when Allah will gather together the Messengers and say: ‘What answer were you given?’ They will reply: ‘We have no real knowledge of it. You alone fully know all that lies beyond the reach of human perception.

Muhsin Khan
On the Day when Allah will gather the Messengers together and say to them: “What was the response you received (from men to your teaching)? They will say: “We have no knowledge, verily, only You are the All-Knower of all that is hidden (or unseen, etc.).”

Pickthall
In the day when Allah gathereth together the messengers, and saith: What was your response (from mankind)? they say: We have no knowledge. Lo! Thou, only Thou art the Knower of Things Hidden,

Dr. Ghali
The Day when Allah will gather the Messengers, so He will say, “What answer were you given?” They will say, “We have no knowledge; surely You, Ever You, are The Superb Knower of the (Things) Unseen.”

Abdel Haleem
On the Day when God assembles all the messengers and asks, ‘What response did you receive?’ they will say, ‘We do not have that knowledge: You alone know things that cannot be seen.’

Quran 5 Verse 109 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Al-Ma’idah ayat 109, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(5:109) The Day[122] when Allah will gather together the Messengers[123] and say: ‘What answer were you given?’ They will reply: ‘We have no real knowledge of it.[124] You alone fully know all that lies beyond the reach of human perception.


122. This refers to the Day of Judgement.

123. The reference here is to the response of the world to the call of the Prophets.

124. This reply indicates that the Prophets would say that their knowledge was confined to that limited, outward response which they had encountered during their lifetimes. The true reaction to their call at various places and in different forms would only be known completely to God Himself.

Ibn-Kathir

109. On the Day when Allah will gather the Messengers together and say to them: “What was the response you received (from men to your teaching)” They will say: “We have no knowledge, verily, only You are the Knower of all that is hidden.”


The Messengers Will be Asked About Their Nations

Allah states that on the Day of Resurrection, He will ask the Messengers about how their nations, to whom He sent them, answered and responded to their teachings. Allah said in other Ayat,

﴿فَلَنَسْـَلَنَّ الَّذِينَ أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَلَنَسْـَلَنَّ الْمُرْسَلِينَ ﴾

(Then surely, We shall question those (people) to whom it (the Book) was sent and verily, We shall question the Messengers.) ﴿7:6﴾, and,

﴿فَوَرَبِّكَ لَنَسْـَلَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ – عَمَّا كَانُواْ يَعْمَلُونَ ﴾

(So, by your Lord, We shall certainly call all of them to account. For all that they used to do.) ﴿15:92-93﴾. The statement of the Messengers here,

﴿لاَ عِلْمَ لَنَآ﴾

(We have no knowledge) is the result of the horror of that Day, according to Mujahid, Al-Hasan Al-Basri and As-Suddi. `Abdur-Razzaq narrated that Ath-Thawri said that Al-A`mash said that Mujahid said about the Ayah,

﴿يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُ اللَّهُ الرُّسُلَ فَيَقُولُ مَاذَآ أُجِبْتُمْ﴾

(On the Day when Allah will gather the Messengers together and say to them: “What was the response you received”) They will become afraid and reply,

﴿لاَ عِلْمَ لَنَآ﴾

(We have no knowledge. ..) Ibn Jarir and Ibn Abi Hatim also recorded this explanation. `Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn `Abbas commented on the Ayah,

﴿يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُ اللَّهُ الرُّسُلَ فَيَقُولُ مَاذَآ أُجِبْتُمْ قَالُواْ لاَ عِلْمَ لَنَآ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلَّـمُ الْغُيُوبِ ﴾

(On the Day when Allah will gather the Messengers together and say to them: “What was the response you received (from men to your teaching)” They will say: “We have no knowledge, verily, only You are the Knower of all that is hidden.”) “They will say to the Lord, Most Honored, `We have no knowledge beyond what we know, and even that, You have more knowledge of them than us.” This response is out of respect before the Lord, Most Honored, and it means, we have no knowledge compared to Your encompassing knowledge. Therefore, our knowledge only grasped the visible behavior of these people, not the secrets of their hearts. You are the Knower of everything, Who has encompassing knowledge of all things, and our knowledge compared to Your knowledge is similar to not having any knowledge at all, for

﴿أَنتَ عَلَّـمُ الْغُيُوبِ﴾

(only You are the Knower of all that is hidden.)

﴿إِذْ قَالَ اللَّهُ يعِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ اذْكُرْ نِعْمَتِى عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَى وَلِدَتِكَ إِذْ أَيَّدتُّكَ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ تُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فِى الْمَهْدِ وَكَهْلاً وَإِذْ عَلَّمْتُكَ الْكِتَـبَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَالتَّوْرَاةَ وَالإِنجِيلَ وَإِذْ تَخْلُقُ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ بِإِذْنِى فَتَنفُخُ فِيهَا فَتَكُونُ طَيْراً بِإِذْنِى وَتُبْرِىءُ الاٌّكْمَهَ وَالاٌّبْرَصَ بِإِذْنِى وَإِذْ تُخْرِجُ الْمَوتَى بِإِذْنِى وَإِذْ كَفَفْتُ بَنِى إِسْرَءِيلَ عَنكَ إِذْ جِئْتَهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَـتِ فَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِنْهُمْ إِنْ هَـذَا إِلاَّ سِحْرٌ مُّبِينٌ – وَإِذْ أَوْحَيْتُ إِلَى الْحَوَارِيِّينَ أَنْ ءَامِنُواْ بِى وَبِرَسُولِى قَالُواْ ءَامَنَّا وَاشْهَدْ بِأَنَّنَا مُسْلِمُونَ ﴾

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