Surah MULK Ayah 2 in Arabic Text:
الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْمَوْتَ وَالْحَيَاةَ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ أَيُّكُمْ أَحْسَنُ عَمَلًا ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْغَفُورُ
Allazee khalaqal mawta walhayaata liyabluwakum ayyukum ahsanu ‘amalaa; wa huwal ‘azeezul ghafoor
DR. GHALI Who created death and life to try you, whichever of you is fairest in deeds; and He is The Ever-Mighty, The Ever-Forgiving.
MUHSIN KHAN Who has created death and life that He may test you which of you is best in deed.1 And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving;
PICKTHALL Who hath created life and death that He may try you which of you is best in conduct; and He is the Mighty, the Forgiving,
SAHIH INTERNATIONAL [He] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in deed – and He is the Exalted in Might, the Forgiving –
MUFTI TAQI USMANI the One who created death and life, so that He may test you as to which of you is better in his deeds. And He is the All-Mighty, the Most-Forgiving,
ABDUL HALEEM who created death and life to test you [people] and reveal which of you does best––He is the Mighty, the Forgiving;
ABUL ALA MAUDUDI Who created death and life that He might try you as to which of you is better in deed. He is the Most Mighty, the Most Forgiving;
DR. MUSTAFA KHATTAB He is the One˺ Who created death and life in order to test which of you is best in deeds. And He is the Almighty, All-Forgiving.
Surah Mulk Ayat 2 Tafseer / Commentary
Here you can expand your knowledge on ayah 2 of Surah Mulk by reading both the tafsir of Ibn Kathir and Abul Ala Maududi.
This section is for those looking to find explanation of verse 2 and gain more insight to the background or significance of this verse.
Tafsir of Surah Mulk Ayat 2 – By Abul Ala Maududi
(67:2) Who created death and life that He might try you as to which of you is better in deed.4 He is the Most Mighty, the Most Forgiving;5
4. That is, the object of giving life to man in the world and causing his death is to test him to see which of them is best in deeds. Allusion has been made in this brief sentence to a number of truths:
(1) That life and death are given by Allah, no one else can grant life nor cause death.
(2) That neither the life nor the death of a creation like man, which has been given the power to do both good and evil, is purposeless. The Creator has created him in the world for the test. Life is for him the period of the test and death means that the time allotted for the test has come to an end.
(3) That for the sake of this very test the Creator has given every man an opportunity for action, so that he may do good or evil in the world and practically show what kind of a man he is.
(4) That the Creator alone will decide who has done good or evil. It is not for us to propose a criterion for the good and the evil deeds but for Almighty Allah. Therefore, whoever desires to get through the test, will have to find out what is the criterion of a good deed in His sight. Every person will be recompensed according to his deeds, for if there was no reward or punishment the test would be meaningless.
5. This has two meanings and both are implied here:
(1) That He is Almighty, in spite of being dominant over all His creatures, He is Merciful and Forgiving for them, not tyrannous and cruel.
(2) That He has full power to punish the evildoers. No one can escape His punishment. But He is forgiving for him who feels penitent, refrains from evil and asks for His forgiveness.
Surah Mulk Tafsir by Ibn Kathir – Ayat 1-5
The tafsir of the first 5 ayat of Surah Mulk is provided on this page.