Surah MULK Ayah 1 in Arabic Text:
تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ الْمُلْكُ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Tabaarakal lazee biyadihil mulku wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shai-in qadeer
DR. GHALI Supremely Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the Kingdom, and He is Ever-Determiner over everything.
MUHSIN KHAN Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion; and He is Able to do all things.
PICKTHALL Blessed is He in Whose hand is the Sovereignty, and, He is Able to do all things.
SAHIH INTERNATIONAL Blessed is He in whose hand is dominion, and He is over all things competent –
MUFTI TAQI USMANI Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion; and He is Able to do all things.
ABDUL HALEEM Exalted is He who holds all control in His hands; who has power over all things;
ABUL ALA MAUDUDI Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion of the Universe, and Who has power over everything;
DR. MUSTAFA KHATTAB Blessed is the One in Whose Hands rests all authority. And He is Most Capable of everything.
Surah Mulk Ayat 1 Tafseer / Commentary
Here you can expand your knowledge on ayah 1 of Surah Mulk by reading both the tafsir of Ibn Kathir and Abul Ala Maududi.
This section is for those looking to find explanation of this verse 1 and gain more insight to the background or significance of this verse.
Tafsir of Surah Mulk Ayat 1
Full of blessings is He1 in Whose hand is the Kingdom of the Universe,2 and He has power over everything.3
1. Tabaraka is a superlative from barkat. Barkat comprehends the meanings of exaltation and greatness, abundance and plentifulness, permanence and multiplicity of virtues and excellences. When the superlative tabaraka is formed from it, it gives the meaning that Allah is infinitely noble and great; He is superior to everything beside Himself in His essence and attributes and works; His beneficence is infinite, and His excellences are permanent and everlasting. (For further explanation, see E.N. 43 of AI-A`raf, E.N. 1.4 of Al-Mu’minun E.N.’s 1 and 19 of Al-Furqan).
2. As the word al-Mulk has been used definitely, it cannot be taken in any limited meaning. Inevitably it would imply sovereignty over everything that exists in the Universe. “In Whose hand is the Kingdom’ does not mean that He has physical hands, but that He is possessor of all power and authority and no one else has any share in it.
3. That is, He can do whatever He wills: nothing can frustrate or hinder Him from doing what He pleases.
Surah Mulk Tafsir by Ibn Kathir – Ayat 1-5
1.Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the dominion; and He is Able to do all things.2.Who has created death and life that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving;3.Who has created the seven heavens one above the other; you can see no fault in the creation of the Most Gracious. Then look again. Can you see any rifts4.Then look again and yet again, your sight will return to you Khasi’, and worn out.5.And indeed We have adorned the nearest heaven with lamps, and We have made such lamps (as) missiles to drive away the Shayatin, and have prepared for them the torment of the blazing Fire.
Glorification of Allah and mentioning the Creation of Death, Life, the Heavens and the Stars
Allah the Exalted glorifies His Noble Self and informs that the dominion is in His Hand. This means that He deals with all of His creatures however He wishes and there is none who can reverse His decree. He is not questioned concerning what He does because of His force, His wisdom and His justice. For this reason Allah says,
(and He is Able to do all things.) Then Allah says,
(Who has created death and life) Those who say that death is an existing creation use this Ayah as a proof because it is something that has been created. This Ayah means that He brought creation into existence from nothing in order to test the creatures. He examines them to see which of them will be best in deeds. This is similar to Allah’s statement,
(How can you disbelieve in Allah Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life.) (2:28) In this Ayah Allah named the first stage, which is non-existence, “death.” Then he named the origin or beginning of existence, “life.” This is why Allah says,
(Then He will give death, then again will bring you to life ( on the Day of Resurrection)) (2:28). Concerning Allah’s statement,
(He may test you which of you is best in deed.) it means best in deeds. This is as Muhammad bin `Ajlan said. It should be noted that Allah did not say “which of you does the most deeds.” Allah then says,
(And He is the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving.) This means that He is the Almighty, the Most Great, the Most Powerful and the Most Honorable. However, along with this He is Most Forgiving to whoever turns to Him in repentance and seeks His pardon after having disobeyed Him and opposed His commandment. Even though Allah is Almighty, He also forgives, shows mercy, pardons and excuses. Then Allah says,
(Who has created the seven heavens one above the other;) meaning stacked one on top of the other. Are they connected to each other, meaning that they are in elevated ascension, some of them being stacked above others, or separated with space between them There are two views concerning this, and the most correct opinion seems to be the latter as is proven in the Hadith of Isra’ (the Prophet’s Night Journey) and other narrations. Concerning Allah’s statement,
(you can see no fault in the creation of the Most Gracious.) means, it (the creation) is done in a flawless manner, and these are connected with each other so as to forms a straight level, having no disunion, conflict, inconsistency, deficiency, flaw or defect. This is the reason that Allah says,
(Then look again. Can you see any rifts) meaning, look at the sky and pay close attention to it. Do you see any flaw, deficiency, defect or rifts in it Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Ath-Thawri and others said concerning Allah’s statement,
(Then look again. Can you see any rifts) that it means cracks. As-Suddi said that,
(Can you see any rifts) means any tears. Qatadah said,
(Can you see any rifts) means, `do you see any defects O Son of Adam (mankind)’ In reference to Allah’s statement,
(Then look again and yet again, ) Qatadah said, “It means (look) twice.”
(your sight will return to you Khasi’,) Ibn `Abbas said that Khasi’ means humiliated. Mujahid and Qatadah both said that it means despised.
(and worn out.) Ibn `Abbas said that this means it will be exhausted. Mujahid, Qatadah and As-Suddi all said that it means broken down fatigue that comes from weakness. Thus, the Ayah means that if you continuously looked, no matter how much you look, your sight will return to you.
(Khasi’) due to the inability to see any flaw or defect (in Allah’s creation).
(and worn out.) meaning, exhausted and broken down feebleness due to the great amount of repeated looking without being able to detect any deficiency. Then, after Allah negated any deficiency in the creation of the heavens, He explains their perfection and beauty. He says,
(And indeed We have adorned the nearest heaven with lamps, ) This refers to the stars which have been placed in the heavens, some moving and some stationary. In Allah’s statement,
(and We have made them (as) missiles to drive away the Shayatin,) The pronoun `them’ in His statement, “and We have made them” is the same type of statement as the stars being referred to as lamps. This does not mean that they are actually missiles, because the stars in the sky are not thrown. Rather, it is the meteors beneath them that are thrown and they are taken from the stars. And Allah knows best. Concerning Allah’s statement,
(and We have prepared for them the torment of the blazing Fire.) means, `We have made this disgrace for the devils in this life and We have prepared for them the torment of the blazing Fire in the Hereafter.’ This is as Allah said in the beginning of Surat As-Saffat,
(Verily, We have adorned the near heaven with the stars (for beauty). And to guard against every rebellious devil. They cannot listen to the higher group (angels) for they are pelted from every side. Outcast, and theirs is a constant (or painful) torment. Except such as snatch away something by stealing, and they are pursued by a flaming fire of piercing brightness.) ﴿37:6-7﴾ Qatadah said, “These stars were only created for three purposes: Allah created them as adornment for the heaven (sky), as missiles for the devils and as signs for navigation. Therefore, whoever seeks to interpret any other meanings for them other than these, then verily he has spoken with his own opinion, he has lost his portion and burdened himself with that which he has no knowledge of.” Ibn Jarir and Ibn Abi Hatim both recorded this statement.