Surah Ahzab >> Currently viewing Surah Ahzab Ayat 14 (33:14)

Surah Ahzab Ayat 14 in Arabic Text

وَلَوْ دُخِلَتْ عَلَيْهِم مِّنْ أَقْطَارِهَا ثُمَّ سُئِلُوا۟ ٱلْفِتْنَةَ لَـَٔاتَوْهَا وَمَا تَلَبَّثُوا۟ بِهَآ إِلَّا يَسِيرًۭا
wa law dukhilat ‘alaihim min aqtaarihaa summa su’ilul fitnata la aatawhaa wa maa talabbasoo bihaaa illaa yaseeraa

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 14

Sahih International
And if they had been entered upon from all its [surrounding] regions and fitnah had been demanded of them, they would have done it and not hesitated over it except briefly.

Yusuf Ali
And if an entry had been effected to them from the sides of the (city), and they had been incited to sedition, they would certainly have brought it to pass, with none but a brief delay!

Abul Ala Maududi
If the enemy were to enter the town from various directions, and they were summoned to act treacherously, they would have succumbed to it and would have shown little reluctance in doing so.

Muhsin Khan
And if the enemy had entered from all sides (of the city), and they had been exhorted to AlFitnah (i.e. to renegade from Islam to polytheism) they would surely have committed it and would have hesitated thereupon but little.

Pickthall
If the enemy had entered from all sides and they had been exhorted to treachery, they would have committed it, and would have hesitated thereupon but little.

Dr. Ghali
And if (the city) had been entered upon them from its (adjacent) regions, and thereafter they had been asked sedition, (Literally: temptation; i.e, if the hypocrites had been asked to apostatize from Islam) indeed they would have brought it forth and in no way would they have kept lingering in it except a little while. (Literally: an easy (while)

Abdel Haleem
had the city been invaded from all sides, and the enemy invited them to rebel, they would have done so almost without hesitation.

Quran 33 Verse 14 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Ahzab ayat 14, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(33:14) If the enemy were to enter the town from various directions, and they were summoned to act treacherously,[26] they would have succumbed to it and would have shown little reluctance in doing so.


26. “Exhorted to treachery”: Urged by the disbelievers to join them to vanquish the Muslims after entering the city as conquerors.

Ibn-Kathir

14. And if the enemy had entered from all sides, and they had been exhorted to Al-Fitnah, they would surely have committed it and would have hesitated thereupon but little. 15. And indeed they had already made a covenant with Allah not to turn their backs, and a covenant with Allah must be answered for. 16. Say: “Flight will not avail you if you flee from death or killing and then you will enjoy no more than a little while!” 17. Say: “Who is he who can protect you from Allah if He intends to harm you, or intends mercy on you” And they will not find, besides Allah, for themselves any protector or any helper.) Allah tells us about those who said:


﴿يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ بُيُوتَنَا عَوْرَةٌ وَمَا هِىَ بِعَوْرَةٍ إِن يُرِيدُونَ إِلاَّ فِرَاراً﴾

(“Truly, our homes lie open.” And they lay not open. They but wished to flee.) If the enemy had entered upon them from every side of Al-Madinah and from every direction, then demanded that they become disbelievers, they would have promptly done so. They would not have adhered to their faith or remained steadfast in it if they were faced with the slightest fear. This is how it was interpreted by Qatadah, `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd and Ibn Jarir. This is a condemnation of them in the clearest terms. Then Allah reminds them of the promise they had made to Him before this fear struck them, that they would not turn their backs or flee from the battlefield.

﴿وَكَانَ عَهْدُ اللَّهِ مَسْئُولاً﴾

(and a covenant with Allah must be answered for.) means, Allah will inevitably ask them about that covenant. Then Allah tells them that fleeing from battle will not delay their appointed demise or make their lives any longer; on the contrary, it may be the cause of their being taken sooner, and in a sudden manner. Allah says:

﴿وَإِذاً لاَّ تُمَتَّعُونَ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً﴾

(and then you will enjoy no more than a little while!) meaning, `after you run away and flee from battle.’

﴿قُلْ مَتَـعُ الدُّنْيَا قَلِيلٌ وَالاٌّخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِّمَنِ اتَّقَى﴾

(Say: “Short is the enjoyment of this world. The Hereafter is better for him who have Taqwa”) (4:77). Then Allah says:

﴿قُلْ مَن ذَا الَّذِى يَعْصِمُكُمْ مِّنَ اللَّهِ إِنْ أَرَادَ بِكُمْ سُوءاً أَوْ أَرَادَ بِكُمْ رَحْمَةً وَلاَ يَجِدُونَ لَهُمْ مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلِيّاً وَلاَ نَصِيراً ﴾

(Say: “Who is he who can protect you from Allah if He intends to harm you, or intends mercy on you” And they will not find, besides Allah, for themselves any protector or any helper.) meaning, they have no one else except Allah to respond to their cries.

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