Surah Ar-Rum >> Currently viewing Surah Ar-Rum Ayat 17 (30:17)

Surah Ar-Rum Ayat 17 in Arabic Text

فَسُبْحَـٰنَ ٱللَّهِ حِينَ تُمْسُونَ وَحِينَ تُصْبِحُونَ
Fa Subhaanal laahi heena tumsoona wa heena tusbihoon

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 17

Sahih International
So exalted is Allah when you reach the evening and when you reach the morning.

Yusuf Ali
So (give) glory to Allah, when ye reach eventide and when ye rise in the morning;

Abul Ala Maududi
So glorify Allah in the evening and the morning.

Muhsin Khan
So glorify Allah [above all that (evil) they associate with Him (O believers)], when you come up to the evening [i.e. offer the (Maghrib) sunset and (‘Isha’) night prayers], and when you enter the morning [i.e. offer the (Fajr) morning prayer].

Pickthall
So glory be to Allah when ye enter the night and when ye enter the morning –

Dr. Ghali
So All Extolment be to Allah while you are in your evening hours and while you become (vigilant) in your morning hours.

Abdel Haleem
So celebrate God’s glory in the evening, in the morning-

Quran 30 Verse 17 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Ar-Rum ayat 17, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(30:17) So[22] glorify Allah[23] in the evening and the morning.


22. “So”, here, implies, when you have come to know the good results of belief and righteous acts and the evil consequences of disbelief and denial of the truth, you should adopt the following conduct. It also means: By holding the life Hereafter to be impossible, the polytheists and disbelievers are, in fact, holding Allah to be helpless. Therefore, as against them, you should glorify Allah, and proclaim that He is free from this weakness. This command has been addressed to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and through him to all the believers.

23. “To glorify Allah” means to proclaim Allah’s being free from and exalted above the defects and faults and weaknesses, which the mushriks ascribe to Him due to their shirk and denial of the Hereafter. The best form of this proclamation and expression is the Prayer. That is why Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah, lbn Zaid and other commentators say that here “to glorify” means to offer the prescribed Prayer. A clear indication in favor of this commentary is contained in the verse itself. It lays down certain definite times for the glorification of Allah. Evidently, if it was meant to instill the belief that Allah is free from all defects and weaknesses, there should be no question of the restriction of the times of the morning and evening, and the early and late afternoon, for a Muslim should always have this belief. Similarly, if it was meant to teach glorifying Allah merely verbally, it should be meaningless to specify the times, for a Muslim should express Allah’s glory at all times. Therefore, inevitably the command to glorify Allah with the restriction of the times points to its particular practical form which is none other than the Prayer.

Ibn-Kathir

17. So glorify Allah, when you enter the evening, and when you enter the morning. 18. And His is all the praise in the heavens and the earth; and in `Ashiyya and when Tuzhirun. 19. He brings out the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living. And He revives the earth after its death. And thus shall you be brought out.


The Command to pray Five Times Daily

Here Allah glorifies Himself and commands His servants to glorify and praise Him at these times which come one after the other and are indicative of His might and power in the heavens. This is when the night comes with its darkness, then in the morning the day comes with its light. This glorification is followed by befitting praise, as Allah says:

﴿وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ﴾

(And His is all the praise in the heavens and the earth;) meaning, He is the One who is to be praised for what He has created in the heavens and on earth. Then Allah says:

﴿وَعَشِيّاً وَحِينَ تُظْهِرُونَ﴾

(and in `Ashiyya and when Tuzhirun.) — the `Ashiyy is the time when the darkness is most intense, and Izhar is the brightest point of the day. Glory be to the One Who created both of them, the Cleaver of the daybreak and the One Who makes night a time of rest. Allah says:

﴿وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّـهَا – وَالَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَـهَا ﴾

(By the day as it shows up its brightness. By the night as it conceals it.) (91:3-4)

﴿وَالَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَى – وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا تَجَلَّى ﴾

(By the night as it envelops. By the day as it appears in brightness. ) (92:1-2)

﴿وَالضُّحَى – وَالَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَى ﴾

(By the forenoon (after sunrise). By the night when it darkens.) (93:1-2) And there are many similar Ayat.

﴿يُخْرِجُ الْحَىَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَيُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَىِّ﴾

(He brings out the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living.) This is what we see of His power to create things and their opposites. These Ayat which come one after the other are all of the same; in each of them Allah mentions the creation of things and their opposites, to indicate to His creation the perfection of His power. Thus He creates the plant from the seed and the seed from the plant; He creates the egg from the chicken and the chicken from the egg; He creates man from sperm and sperm from man; He creates the believer from the disbelievers and the disbeliever from the believers.

﴿وَيُحْىِ الاٌّرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا﴾

(And He revives the earth after its death.) This is like the Ayat:

﴿وَءَايَةٌ لَّهُمُ الاٌّرْضُ الْمَيْتَةُ أَحْيَيْنَـهَا وَأَخْرَجْنَا مِنْهَا حَبّاً فَمِنْهُ يَأْكُلُونَ ﴾

(And a sign for them is the dead land. We give it life, and We bring forth from it grains, so that they eat thereof.) until:

﴿وَفَجَّرْنَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْعُيُونِ﴾

(and We have caused springs of water to gush forth therein. ) (36:33-34)

﴿وَتَرَى الاٌّرْضَ هَامِدَةً فَإِذَآ أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْهَا الْمَآءَ اهْتَزَّتْ وَرَبَتْ وَأَنبَتَتْ مِن كُلِّ زَوْجٍ بَهِيجٍ﴾

(And you see the earth barren, but when We send down water on it, it is stirred, and it swells and puts forth every lovely kind.) until:

﴿وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ مَن فِى الْقُبُورِ﴾

(and certainly, Allah will resurrect those who are in the graves.) (22:5-7)

﴿وَهُوَ الَّذِى يُرْسِلُ الرّيَاحَ بُشْرىً بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَحْمَتِهِ حَتَّى إِذَآ أَقَلَّتْ سَحَابًا ثِقَالاً﴾

(And it is He Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His mercy. Till when they have carried a heavy-laden cloud) until:

﴿لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ﴾

(so that you may remember or take heed.) (7:57) Allah says here:

﴿وَكَذَلِكَ تُخْرَجُونَ﴾

(And thus shall you be brought out.)

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