Surah Dukhan Ayat 17 in Arabic Text
Here you can read various translations of verse 17
And We had already tried before them the people of Pharaoh, and there came to them a noble messenger,
We did, before them, try the people of Pharaoh: there came to them a messenger most honourable,
Indeed before that We subjected the Pharaonites to the same test. A noble Messenger came to them
And indeed We tried before them Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh) people, when there came to them a noble Messenger [i.e. Musa (Moses)],
And verily We tried before them Pharaoh’s folk, when there came unto them a noble messenger,
And indeed already before them We tempted the people of Firaawn, (Pharaoh) and an honorable Messenger came to them. (Saying), “Discharge (Literally: give back to me) to me the bondmen of Allah; surely I am for you a trustworthy Messenger.”
We tested the people of Pharaoh before them: a noble messenger was sent to them,
Quran 44 Verse 17 Explanation
For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Dukhan ayat 17, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.
(44:17) Indeed before that We subjected the Pharaonites to the same test. A noble Messenger came to them
14. The words rasul-un karim in the original imply a man who is characterized with most noble traits of character and highly praiseworthy qualities.
17. And indeed We tried before them Fir`awn’s people, when there came to them a noble Messenger. 18. Saying: “Deliver to me the servants of Allah. Verily, I am to you a Messenger worthy of all trust.” 19. “And exalt not yourselves against Allah. Truly, I have come to you with a manifest authority.” 20. “And truly, I seek refuge with my Lord and your Lord, lest you should stone me.” 21. “But if you believe me not, then keep away from me and leave me alone.” 22. So he (Musa) called upon his Lord (saying): “These are indeed the people who are criminals.” 23. (Allah said): “Depart you with My servants by night. Surely, you will be pursued.” 24. “And leave the sea as it is (quiet and divided). Verily, they are a host to be drowned.” 25. How many of gardens and springs that they (Fir`awn’s people left behind, 26. And green crops (fields) and goodly places, 27. And comforts of life wherein they used to take delight! 28. Thus (it was)! And We made other people inherit them. 29. And the heavens and the earth wept not for them, nor were they given respite. 30. And indeed We saved the Children of Israel from the humiliating torment, 31. From Fir`awn; verily, he was arrogant and was of the excessive . 32. And We chose them above the nations (Al-`Alamin) with knowledge, 33. And granted them signs in which there was a plain trial.
Allah tells us, `before these idolators, We tested the people of Fir`awn, the copts of Egypt.’
(when there came to them a noble Messenger.) means, Musa, peace be upon him, the one to whom Allah spoke.
(Deliver to me the servants of Allah.) This is like the Ayah:
(So let the Children of Israel go with us, and torment them not; indeed, we have come with a sign from your Lord! And peace will be upon him who follows the guidance!”) (20:47)
(Verily, I am to you a Messenger worthy of all trust.) means, `what I convey to you is trustworthy.’
(And exalt not yourselves against Allah.) means, `and do not be too arrogant to follow His signs. Accept His proof and believe in His evidence.’ This is like the Ayah:
(Verily, those who scorn My worship they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!) (40:60)
(Truly, I have come to you with a manifest authority.) means, with clear and obvious proof. This refers to the clear signs and definitive evidence with which Allah sent him.
(And truly, I seek refuge with my Lord and your Lord, lest you should stone me.) Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and Abu Salih said, “This refers to a verbal assault, which means insults.” Qatadah said, “Meaning `stoning’ in the literal sense, so that the meaning is: `I seek refuge with Allah, Who created me and you, from your making any harmful words or actions reach me.”’
(But if you believe me not, then keep away from me and leave me alone.) means, `then let us leave one another alone and live in peace until Allah judges between us.’ After Musa, may Allah be pleased with him, had stayed among them for a long time, and the proof of Allah had been established against them, and that only increased them in disbelief and stubbornness, he prayed to his Lord against them, a prayer which was answered. Allah says:
(And Musa said: “Our Lord! You have indeed bestowed on Fir`awn and his chiefs splendor and wealth in the life of this world, our Lord! That they may lead men astray from Your path. Our Lord! Destroy their wealth, and harden their hearts, so that they will not believe until they see the painful torment.” Allah said: “Verily, the invocation of you both is accepted. So you both keep to the straight way.”) (10:88-89) And Allah says here:
(So he (Musa) called upon his Lord (saying): “These are indeed the people who are criminals.”) Whereupon Allah commanded him to bring the Children of Israel out from among them, without the command, consent or permission of Fir`awn. Allah said:
(Depart you with My servants by night. Surely, you will be pursued.) This is like the Ayah:
And indeed We revealed to Mu0sa0 (saying): Travel by night with My servants and strike a dry path for them in the sea, fearing neither to be overtaken nor being afraid (of drowning in the sea). )20:77(
(And leave the sea as it is (quiet and divided). Verily, they are a host to be drowned.) When Musa and the Children of Israel has crossed the sea, Musa wanted to strike it with his staff so that it would go back as it had been, and it would form a barrier between then and Fir`awn and prevent him from reaching them. But Allah commanded him to leave it as it was, quiet and divided, and gave him the glad tidings that they were a host to be drowned, and that he should not fear either being overtaken by Fir`awn or drowning in the sea. Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:
(And leave the sea as it is (quiet and divided).) means, leave it as it is and keep moving. Mujahid said:
(as it is) means, a dry path, as it is. `Do not command it to go back; leave it until the last of them have entered it.’ This was also the view of `Ikrimah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Ibn Zayd, Ka`b Al-Ahbar, Simak bin Harb and others.
(How many of gardens and springs that they left behind. And green crops) this refers to rivers and wells.
and goodly places, means, fine dwellings and beautiful places. Muja0hid and Sa 0d bin Jubayr said:
(and goodly places,) means elevated places.
(And comforts of life wherein they used to take delight!) means, a life which they were enjoying, where they could eat whatever they wanted and wear what they liked, with wealth and glory and power in the land. Then all of that was taken away in a single morning, they departed from this world and went to Hell, what a terrible abode!
(Thus (it was)! And We made other people inherit them.) namely the Children of Israel.
(And the heavens and the earth wept not for them, ) means, they had no righteous deeds which used to ascend through the gates of the heavens, which would weep for them when they died, and they had no places on earth where they used to worship Allah which would notice their loss. So they did not deserve to be given a respite, because of their disbelief, sin, transgression and stubbornness. Ibn Jarir recorded that Sa`id bin Jubayr said, “A man came to Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, and said to him: `O Abu Al-`Abbas, Allah says,
(And the heavens and the earth wept not for them, nor were they given respite) — do the heavens and the earth weep for anybody’ He, may Allah be pleased with him, said, `Yes, there is no one who does not have a gate in the heavens through which his provision comes down and his good deeds ascend. When the believer dies, that gate is closed; it misses him and weeps for him, and the place of prayer on earth where he used to pray and remember Allah also weeps for him. But the people of Fir`awn left no trace of righteousness on the earth and they had no good deeds that ascended to Allah, so the heavens and the earth did not weep for them.”’ Al-`Awfi reported something similar from Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him.
(And indeed We saved the Children of Israel from the humiliating torment from Fir`awn; verily, he was arrogant and was of the excessive. ) Here Allah reminds them of how He saved them from their humiliation and subjugation at the hands of Fir`awn, when they were forced to do menial tasks.
(From Fir`awn; verily, he was arrogant) means, he was proud and stubborn. This is like the Ayah:
(Verily, Fir`awn exalted himself in the land) (28:4).
(but they behaved insolently and they were people self-exalting) (23:46). He was one of the excessive and held a foolish opinion of himself.
(And We chose them above the nations (Al-`Alamin) with knowledge,) Mujahid said, “This means that they were chosen above those among whom they lived.” Qatadah said, “They were chosen above the other people of their own time, and it was said that in every period there are people who are chosen above others.” This is like the Ayah:
((Allah) said: “O Musa I have chosen you above men.”) (7:144), which means, above the people of his time. This is also like the Ayah:
(and (Allah has) chosen you (Maryam) above the women of the nations (Al-`Alamin).) (3:42), i.e., Maryam was chosen above the women of her time. For Khadijah, may Allah be pleased with her, is higher than her in status or is equal to her, as was Asiyah bint Muzahim, the wife of Fir`awn. And the superiority of `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, over all other women is like the superiority of Tharid over all other dishes.
(And granted them signs) means clear proofs and extraordinary evidence.
(in which there was a plain trial.) means, an obvious test to show who would be guided by it.
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