Surah Dukhan >> Currently viewing Surah Dukhan Ayat 1 (44:1)

Surah Dukhan Ayat 1 in Arabic Text

حمٓ
Haa Meeem

English Translation

Here you can read various translations of verse 1

Sahih International
Ha, Meem.

Yusuf Ali
Ha-Mim.

Abul Ala Maududi
Ha’. Mim.

Muhsin Khan
Ha-Mim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Quran and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].

Pickthall
Ha. Mim.

Dr. Ghali
Ha, Mîm (These are the names of letters of the Arabic alphabet, and only Allah knows their meaning here).

Abdel Haleem
Ha Mim

Quran 44 Verse 1 Explanation

For those looking for commentary to help with the understanding of Surah Dukhan ayat 1, we’ve provided two Tafseer works below. The first is the tafseer of Abul Ala Maududi, the second is of Ibn Kathir.

Ala-Maududi

(44:1) Ha’. Mim.


There is no commentary by Abul Maududi available for this verse.

Ibn-Kathir

1. Ha Mim. 2. By the manifest Book that makes things clear. 3. We sent it down on a blessed night. Verily, We are ever warning. 4. Therein (that night) is decreed every matter, Hakim. 5. As a command from Us. Verily, We are ever sending, 6. (As) a mercy from your Lord. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 7. The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if you (but) have a faith with certainty. 8. La ilaha illa Huwa. He gives life and causes death — your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers.


The Qur’an was revealed on Laylatul-Qadr

Allah tells us that He revealed the Magnificent Qur’an on a blessed night, Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree), as He says elsewhere:

﴿إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ ﴾

(Verily, We have sent it down in the Night of Al-Qadr) (97:1). This was in the month of Ramadan, as Allah tells us:

﴿شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِى أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ﴾

(The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur’an) (2:185). We have already quoted the relevant Hadiths in (the Tafsir of) Surat Al-Baqarah, and there is no need to repeat them here.

﴿إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ﴾

(Verily, We are ever warning.) means, telling them what is good for them and what is harmful for them, according to Shari`ah, so that the proof of Allah may be established against His servants.

﴿فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ ﴾

(Therein (that night) is decreed every matter, Hakim.) means, on Laylatul-Qadr, the decrees are transferred from Al-Lawh Al-Mahfuz to the (angelic) scribes who write down the decrees of the (coming) year including life span, provision, and what will happen until the end of the year. This was narrated from Ibn `Umar, Mujahid, Abu Malik, Ad-Dahhak and others among the Salaf.

﴿حَكِيمٌ﴾

(Hakim) means decided or confirmed, which cannot be changed or altered. Allah says:

﴿أَمْراً مِّنْ عِنْدِنَآ﴾

(As a command from Us.) meaning, everything that happens and is decreed by Allah and the revelation that He sends down — it all happens by His command, by His leave and with His knowledge.

﴿إِنَّا كُنَّا مُرْسِلِينَ﴾

(Verily, We are ever sending,) means, to mankind, sending Messenger who will recite to them the clear signs of Allah. The need for this was urgent.

﴿رَحْمَةً مِّن رَّبِّكَ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ رَّبُّ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا﴾

((As) a mercy from your Lord. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them,) means, the One Who sent down the Qur’an is the Lord, Creator and Sovereign of the heavens and the earth and everything in between them.

﴿إِن كُنتُمْ مُّوقِنِينَ﴾

(if you (but) have a faith with certainty.) Then Allah says:

﴿لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ يُحْىِ وَيُمِيتُ رَبُّكُمْ وَرَبُّ ءَابَآئِكُمُ الاٌّوَّلِينَ ﴾

(La ilaha illa Huwa. He gives life and causes death — your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers.) This is like the Ayah:

﴿قُلْ يَأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ جَمِيعًا الَّذِى لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ يُحْىِ وَيُمِيتُ﴾

(Say: “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah — to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. La ilaha illa Huwa. He gives life and causes death…) (7:158)

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